Home » Asbestos at Eternit – The Schmidheiny case – you need to know that – News

Asbestos at Eternit – The Schmidheiny case – you need to know that – News

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Asbestos at Eternit – The Schmidheiny case – you need to know that – News


The Swiss industrialist Stephan Schmidheiny has been sentenced again in Italy. He is said to be responsible for thousands of deaths. The most important answers.

On Wednesday, the regional court in Novara, Italy, sentenced Stephan Schmidheiny to twelve years in prison for the negligent killing of 147 people. The verdict is part of a legal saga that has now lasted almost 40 years.

The «Eternit bis» process

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  • The Novara ruling is the third court decision in a multi-part Italian judiciary since 2016 dealing with circumstances at three former Eternit plants. Schmidheiny’s defense has announced that it will appeal.
  • A verdict for the negligent killing of a worker at the Cavagnolo plant was made a year ago: Schmidheiny was also convicted here. In February, however, a court reduced the sentence due to mitigating circumstances. The defense is also appealing against this judgment.
  • In April, a court of first instance handed down a three-and-a-half-year sentence in the case of the premeditated killing of six workers and two residents in the Naples region. Schmidheiny’s defense has filed an appeal.

The background: Schmidheiny joined his father’s company in the 1970s. The Eternit Group was active in more than 20 countries – at four locations in Italy alone. In 1973 the majority of the plant in Casale Monferrato in Piedmont was acquired. At peak times, up to 2,000 people worked there in asbestos processing and made pipes and roof panels. Eternit Italia is accused by the Italian judiciary of being responsible for the death or illness of more than 3000 workers and local residents between 1966 and 1986.

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The company Eternit: The origins of the family business go back to the 1860s, when Stephan Schmidheiny’s grandfather founded a brick factory. Asbestos processing was added from the early 20th century. In Holderbank AG, the family also set up a cement plant, which would later become the Holcim company. In 1974, the then 26-year-old Stephan entered the business. Two years later he took over the leadership of the group. In Switzerland, Eternit maintained factories in Niederurnen in the canton of Glarus and in Payerne. Father Max Schmidheiny died in 1991 as one of the richest Swiss. In 1997 the Swiss Eternit division was merged into the Holcim group, the factories in Niederurnen and Payerne had already been sold by that time.

The danger of asbestos: The building material was popular for decades because it was practical, cheap and fireproof. However, it was no longer a secret that asbestos is dangerous to health. Anyone who inhales asbestos fibers must fear lung cancer and mesothelioma – a cancer of the pleura and peritoneum. Scientists proved this in the early 1960s. Since then, tens of thousands of people have died from these diseases. The consequences of contact with the substance often only become noticeable decades later. In Switzerland, many claims therefore became statute-barred after ten years – unlike in Italy, where the statute of limitations only applies from the onset of illness or death.

The Eternit Case: A Chronology

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  • 1986: The Italian Eternit SpA goes bankrupt. The factory in Casale Monferrato is closed. A part of the bankruptcy estate is awarded 20 years later by order of a court to employees and their families – around 3000 francs per person.
  • 1992: The local Eternit management in Italy is ultimately found guilty of negligent homicide. The prison sentences are later commuted to fines.
  • 2005: A lawyer in Switzerland is filing a complaint against unknown persons and the two Schmidheiny brothers for negligent homicide in connection with the Eternit factories in Niederurnen and Payerne.
  • 2006: A Glarner examining magistrate decides that the cases should be discontinued due to the statute of limitations.
  • 2007: The Turin public prosecutor is investigating against Stephan Schmidheiny. Relatives of around 2,000 victims filed a lawsuit for damages.
  • 2008: The Federal Supreme Court confirms that in asbestos cases, the point in time at which one worked is decisive in the question of the statute of limitations – and not the onset of the disease.
  • 2009: The trial against Stephan Schmidheiny and the former Belgian co-owner of Eternit SpA begins at the criminal court in Turin.
  • 2012: Both are sentenced to 16 years in prison. They are responsible for an environmental disaster and the death or illness of around 3,000 people. Schmidheiny appeals.
  • 2013: A court in Turin increased Stephan Schmidheiny’s sentence to 18 years in the second instance.
  • 2014: The Italian Attorney General requests the annulment of the Turin judgment because of the statute of limitations on the environmental damage caused by the closure of the Casale plant in 1986. The Supreme Court in Rome approved the request a few months later.
  • 2016: The public prosecutor’s office in Turin is once again investigating the Schmidheiny/Eternit case.
  • 2019: Schmidheiny is sentenced to four years in prison by a court in Turin in the first instance. His lawyer is appealing the verdict.
  • 2022: Stephan Schmidheiny is convicted in Turin for the activities of the Eternit branch in Cavagnolo (Turin) and given a sentence of three and a half years. The family of a deceased employee had filed a lawsuit.
  • February 2023: The Turin Court of Appeal is revising the decision from 2019. Stephan Schmidheiny receives a reduced sentence. The penalty is now one year and eight months.
  • June 2023: A court in the Italian city of Novara found Stephan Schmidheiny guilty of being responsible for the deaths of 147 people and sentenced him to twelve years in prison. The judgment can be appealed under Italian law.
    • The question of guilt: Stephan Schmidheiny’s lawyers have always argued that their client was not directly responsible for the operational management of the plants in Italy. From the late 1970s, he was also responsible for Eternit bringing alternatives to asbestos onto the market and preparing the end of processing. According to their own statements, the employees in Casale had been working for a long time to improve safety conditions in the plant. The factory then had to be cleaned up for years before it could finally be demolished.

    To person: Stephan Schmidheiny had already sold his Eternit shares at the end of the 1980s. In the following years he was active with a wood and pipe conglomerate in South America, where he also lived partly. In 2003 he withdrew completely from business activities. Over the years he has sat on the board of directors of several major Swiss companies (ABB, UBS, Nestlé). In the mid-1980s, he was involved in founding Swatch together with Nicolas Hayek, among others. His fortune is currently estimated at 2.3 billion US dollars by the business magazine Forbes. In addition to art, he has devoted himself to philanthropy. Together with his wife Viktoria, he is said to have donated over a billion Swiss francs to charitable causes over the past few decades. In 1992 he worked for the UN at the world climate conference in Rio de Janeiro. He has published several books. Stephan Schmidheiny is 75 years old.

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