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Four projects to lead the modernization of transport

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A series of projects distributed throughout the country – the work of FNM, the Ferrovie Appulo Lucane, the Sardinian ARST and the Ferrovie della Calabria – to guide the modernization of transport. Projects that fall within the strategic vision of the NRP.

The announcement was made by Andrea Gibelli, president of Asstra, the national association of local public transport, on the occasion of the conference “The hydrogen revolution in rail transport” held in Milan as part of the initiatives relating to the “European Year. of the Railways “.

“The experimental project of FNM’s” Hydrogen Valley Lombarda “fits into this framework, but it does not intend to simply replace diesel oil with hydrogen but rather has the ambition of fulfilling the precondition of involving the whole community in the energy transition of the territory: Brescia , Lake Iseo, the middle Serino valley and an important part of Valcamonica. In this logic, hydrogen as an energy vector triggers the change in the local economy in a broad sense, also affecting other two areas. That of the industry that aims at an ecosystem of electrolysers that also intercept the mobility of goods and looks at energy-intensive industrial settlements in a fixed location (eg cement factories). That of the citizen, of the cultural heritage recognized by UNESCO and of man’s expectations (he has been in this area for over 10,000 years) to live in their own territory and spend their knowledge there. This is the challenge within the challenge: to create attractive economic, social, geographical, environmental spaces for young people, well beyond the 14 trains and 40 buses that are included in the project ».

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“Often the central and southern territories of the country and the islands have suffered from a lack of strategic centrality. In a certain sense, this also concerns the Alpine valleys compared to Lombardy (in the center of Europe and the large TEN networks), which suffer from an intense phenomenon of depopulation and migration of talents and which can take advantage of the positive effects linked to the technologies that rotate. around hydrogen. Here we wanted to design an industrial district that attracts “start-ups” (and the patents developed by them, such as the one to stabilize the transport of hydrogen in methane pipelines), create incubators and start economies of scale around the domestic, industrial and not just about mobility. The train is only a piece of this challenge, but without ideological prejudices during the energy transition: where technology is efficient, the use of batteries can and must be taken into consideration. But even more important is that the project contains scalable and economically sustainable solutions also in other territories that present similar or comparable enabling conditions: public ownership of the lines and land in service, very short physical chain (e.g. hydroelectric plants close to the railway line), no further infrastructure required. This is precisely the case of the projects in Puglia, Calabria, Campania and Sardinia where our associates operate »added the President of Asstra.

“If we want to remain in the squad of leading countries in Europe active on hydrogen, however, we need a framework law on hydrogen, simplifications and lean regulation on train production, as in Germany and France. ASSTRA is working intensively in this direction with the competent ministries to eliminate the legal paradox that prohibits the financing of energy carriers such as blue hydrogen from biomethane even when innovative technologies by ENI and Snam are used that allow the capture and storage of CO2 with balance negative, compared to the simple zero balance of green hydrogen, vice versa financeable. There is therefore space in the transition for blue which is greener than green, beyond the colors, respecting the expected result contained in the European Directive. We are in time to build an archipelago of industrial supply chains to the benefit of the economies of the territories, but we need to simplify and adapt the legislation to technologies that evolve very quickly »concluded Gibelli.

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