MILANO – Ten “flagship works that can project Italy towards a more sustainable and green 2030”. From the green conversion of the industrial centers of Taranto and Brindisi, to the construction of offshore wind farms in Sardinia, in the Strait of Sicily and in the Adriatic.
These are some of the ten projects that Legambiente asks to be included in the Italian Pnrr, the plan to be presented within a month in Brussels that details how to use the European Next Generation Eu funds destined for Italy: over 200 billion euros. A project that, guaranteed the Minister of Ecological Transition, Roberto Cingolani, in the conference of the association “is going well, it is interesting, complete”.
Legambiente’s priorities also include anaerobic digesters that allow the treatment of organic waste in the metropolitan areas of the Central South – Rome, Naples, Reggio Calabria, Bari, Catania, Palermo, Messina and Cagliari – to be able to give city garbage a second life such as biomethane and quality compost and make each province self-sufficient in recycling plants in order to stop “waste tourism” and create the conditions for decarbonising local transport, as well as creating a soil fertilizer reserve for neighboring territories.
The Recovery fund according to Legambiente was deposited in the hands of numerous ministers: in addition to Cingolani, Enrico Giovannini (sustainable infrastructure and mobility), Andrea Orlando (work and social policies), Luigi Di Maio (Foreign Affairs), Maria Rosaria Carfagna (south and territorial policies), Stefano Patuanelli (agricultural, food and forestry policies) – who, together with the Undersecretary of State to the Presidency of the Council of Ministers Vincenzo Amendola, participated in the event “Our Italy. Greener, more innovative and inclusive”.
“There are now 30 days left before the deadline set by Brussels for sending the PNRR – the comment released by Stefano Ciafani, national president of Legambiente – From the new Executive headed by Mario Draghi we expect courageous and radical choices on the projects to be financed, focusing only on clean technologies for the production of renewable energy, on green hydrogen, on circular economy systems, on zero-emission mobility in the city and on extra-urban routes, on urban regeneration, on agroecology, on sustainable tourism and on protected areas. in this way it will be possible to realize the ecological transition that we have been talking about for years and really project Italy to 2030 making it greener, cleaner and more inclusive, giving concrete answers to citizens and young people who continue to strike for the climate. clear ideas on the decarbonisation of the continental economy. In Italy this has not happened so far the political will that has been lacking so far, while at the same time avoiding the mistakes of the past. Italy does not miss this important opportunity “.
In addition to asking for transversal reforms and simplifications to speed up the authorization process for green economy projects, the association brings the case of eco-car incentives to show how resources could be used more efficiently for the environment: “In 2020 with the car bonus, one billion euros of public money was allocated to scrap 125,000 old cars and reduce emissions by 61,000 tons of CO2 per year – the association recalled – With one billion we could have bought 2,500 electric buses or 40,000 electric tax and car sharing, for everyone in 100 cities, reducing emissions by over 100,000 tons of CO2 per year “.
Here, in detail, are the proposals for ten lighthouse works by Legambiente:
1. The green industrial district of Taranto and Brindisi
Legambiente talks about “guaranteeing a clean future for the steel industry, energy production and employment” in an “ambitious” project for 2030. “The reclamation of polluted areas, the redevelopment of urban fabrics, strengthened the energy vocation through development must be accelerated. of offshore wind, solar photovoltaic and thermodynamic in reclaimed abandoned areas, agrivoltaic, electrical energy storage plants and diversification of the productive fabric to overcome the monoculture of petrochemicals, coal and steel “. For Taranto, he asked to “downsize the production capacity of the integral coal cycle thanks to the construction of electric furnaces and the construction, to be foreseen immediately, of a plant that uses green hydrogen to produce steel, along the lines of the Swedish Hybrit project”.
2. Zero-emission mobility in the Po Valley and in the provincial capitals
In addition to asking for eco-incentives to be diverted to public transport, it aims for large “low-emission zones” with a ban on the use of diesel fuel for cars and heating (2025), limitations on biomass combustion, 100 eco-neighborhoods with zero emissions, gentle mobility. Investments that must be accompanied by a reform that better defines responsibilities and powers between the State, Regions and Municipalities.
3. The reclamation of Terra dei Fuochi, Valle del Sacco, Val d’Agri, Gela and groundwater polluted by PFAS
All examples of territories “polluted for decades”: problems without whose resolution the ecological transition risks remaining a facade. Remediation is the only answer.
4. Off-shore wind farms in the Sicilian channel, in Sardinia and in the Adriatic
The infrastructures aim to raise the Italian target for electricity production from offshore wind, which is 900 MW by 2030. “Italy is not lacking in sea and some projects have already been presented – says Legambiente – as in the case of the 9 billion expected on the Sicilian Channel between Tunisia and the Sicilian area between Mazara del Vallo and Trapani, over 60 km from the coast, where a 2.9 GW plant capable of producing electricity for 3.4 million families is planned The occasion of these interventions is also cited as propitious to convert the activity of the ports now dedicated to the hydrocarbon sector (Ravenna, Augusta, Taranto).
5. The reduction of hydrogeological risk in Campania, Calabria and Sicily
For the association “The first construction sites to be financed are related to the demolition of illegal buildings and the relocation of buildings and structures in areas classified as high hydrogeological risk, such as in Calabria in the provinces of Crotone and Vibo Valentia with their rivers, in Campania and Sicily, starting from the province of Messina “.
6. The systems of the circular economy in the south center
This chapter includes waste management plants for the metropolises of the center and the South. “The same goes for the plant deficit for the purification of waste water, concentrated above all in the southern regions, starting with Sicily, which costs our country European fines of 60 million euros per year”.
7. The ecological, digital and cycling connection of the Apennines
It is proposed “the establishment of the Matese National Park between Molise and Campania, the creation of ecological corridors for the protection of the Marsican brown bear in Abruzzo, Lazio and Molise, the creation of green infrastructures through the restoration of degraded forest ecosystems and the protection of biodiversity with biological agricultural and zootechnical productions in protected areas “. The strengthening of the tourist activity, the cycle paths, the network of paths and even the digital infrastructure move along these corridors.
8. The innovative reconstruction of the earthquake areas of central Italy
The closure of all reconstructions linked to the earthquakes of 2016-2017 is called for by 2030, “guaranteeing seismic and hydrogeological safety”. If the resources have not been lacking, so far the deficit has been coordination and planning. “The spread of digital infrastructure must go hand in hand with private and public reconstruction, unlike what was done in the reconstruction of L’Aquila, because it is an essential service like water, energy and road networks”.
9. The railway infrastructures for Calabria and Sicily
“Other than the Bridge over the Strait, Calabria and Sicily primarily need a regional transport network to overcome the isolation and inefficiencies that the inhabitants live in their respective regions as well as increase and diversify tourist flows”, writes Legambiente. Some examples: in addition to the electrification of the section that connects Taranto to Reggio Calabria and the strengthening of the service with modern trains, the railway connection between Lamezia Terme airport, the city center and Catanzaro Lido is urgent, considering that it is the main regional airport with national and international flights. Sicily also needs “a robust iron care”.
10. The development of biological and agroecology in the Alps, in the Apennines and in rural areas through the creation of biodistricts
The boom in organic consumption and producers pushes for the encouragement of the “even more widespread diffusion of the organic sector throughout the peninsula, to increase employment, the healthiness of food and make quality Made in Italy more competitive”. To do this, Legambiente asks to “approve the law on organic agriculture, which has reached the last stage of the parliamentary process, and investing in a capillary development project for organic farming would have further positive effects in the sign of the green deal: a barrier to the phenomenon of abandonment of fields and depopulation, contrast to hydrogeological instability, thanks to the extraordinary territorial protection and social glue that agriculture can guarantee “.