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Graphic: The proportion of immigrants varies by profession

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Graphic: The proportion of immigrants varies by profession

And who will clean up the mess? In the cleaning industry, the proportion of employees with a migration background is particularly high. Picture Alliance

Due to its population development, Germany is dependent on immigration of workers in order to maintain prosperity. There are big differences depending on the profession. In cleaning professions, 60 percent of those employed have an immigration background. When it comes to the police and judiciary it is only six percent. The figures were determined by the Federal Statistical Office. Our graphic shows the proportion of employees with an immigrant background in the various professions.

In order to maintain prosperity, Germany relies on immigration of workers due to its aging population. Many professions have long only functioned because of large numbers of workers from abroad or with foreign roots. There are huge differences. The proportion of people with a migrant background is highest in the cleaning and hospitality industries: “Six out of ten employees in cleaning professions have an immigration background,” the calculated Federal Statistical Office. Their share is lowest in the police and in the judiciary at just six percent.

The evaluation refers to figures from 2022. Overall, a quarter of all employed people aged 15 to 64 in Germany had a migration background. The statisticians count a person with an immigration history as anyone who has immigrated to Germany since 1950 or whose both parents have immigrated since 1950.

The proportion of this group was above average in transport and logistics occupations (38 percent) and in construction (36 percent). In geriatric care, 30 percent of those employed have an immigration background. It was also 27 percent for female doctors and 36 percent for personal care professions, which include hairdressers and beauticians.

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Workers with an immigration history are rarer, for example in the police or in the judiciary, where only six percent of employees had an immigration history in 2022. For teachers at general schools, the proportion was 11 percent. In banking and insurance professions, the proportion of employees with foreign roots was 16 percent. This is also below the 28 percent share of the total population.

Immigration: Small proportion at Executivesin

The employment of people with and without an immigration history also differs in another aspect. Foreign and immigrant workers were significantly less represented among managers. Their share of all managers was 18 percent. The same applies to academic professions, where 19 percent of those employed had an immigration history. More often, members of this population group are in low-skilled occupations. In 2022, they made up the majority of all unskilled workers at 52 percent.

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