Original Title: Green and Low-Carbon Transformation of Energy Consumption and Clean Chemical Industry Sets Direction
In the context of carbon neutrality, the direction of green and low-carbon transformation in the industrial sector is becoming more and more clear. The “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for Industrial Green Development” recently issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (hereinafter referred to as the “Plan”) proposes that by 2025, the green and low-carbon transformation of industrial structure and production methods will achieve significant results, and green and low-carbon technology and equipment will be widely used. The efficiency of energy resource utilization has been greatly improved, and the level of green manufacturing has been comprehensively improved, laying a solid foundation for the peak of carbon in the industrial sector in 2030. The “Plan” puts forward a number of key tasks such as launching demonstrations of major carbon reduction projects and strengthening non-carbon dioxide greenhouse gas control. Among them, in terms of the supply and consumption of end products, it emphasizes the replacement and transformation of clean energy. At present, Sichuan, Hubei, Anhui and other places are formulating plans or adjusting the industrial structure, and they have also started a green industry race.
Increase the supply of green and low-carbon products
The transformation of the consumer side is crucial to the green development of the industrial sector. The “Plan” proposes to increase the proportion of clean energy consumption and encourage the application of alternative energy sources such as hydrogen energy, biofuels, and refuse-derived fuels in the steel, cement, chemical and other industries. Strictly control coal consumption in major coal-using industries such as iron and steel, coal chemical industry, cement, etc., and encourage new construction, renovation and expansion projects in areas where conditions permit to implement reduction and substitution of coal. In addition, the level of electrification of industrial end-use energy will be improved, and the promotion and application of electric furnaces, electric boilers, and electric power equipment will be accelerated in industries and regions where conditions permit. Encourage factories and parks to carry out industrial green and low-carbon microgrid construction, develop rooftop photovoltaics, decentralized wind power, multiple energy storage, high-efficiency heat pumps, etc., and promote efficient and complementary utilization of multiple energies.
At the same time, the “Plan” also emphasizes the need to increase the supply of green and low-carbon products. Establish a green product supply system covering the entire chain from basic raw materials to terminal consumer products in the industrial sector, and encourage companies to use green design methods and tools to develop and promote a batch of high-performance, high-quality, lightweight, low-carbon and environmentally friendly products. Create green consumption scenarios and expand consumption of new energy vehicles, photovoltaic solar thermal products, green consumer electrical and electronic products, and green building materials.
For consumers, it is necessary to advocate a green lifestyle, continue to promote energy-saving, water-saving, efficient and safe green smart home appliances, and promote the establishment of green and low-carbon product sales areas on e-commerce platforms, establish a sales incentive and restraint mechanism, and support green points Wait for the “consumption is production” new business format.
Data show that by the end of 2020, the output value of my country’s energy conservation and environmental protection industry is about 7.5 trillion yuan. The cumulative sales of new energy vehicles exceeded 5.5 million, ranking first in the world for many years, and solar cell modules accounted for 71% of the global market.
In the future, my country will also develop new energy equipment such as large-size and high-efficiency photovoltaic modules, high-power offshore wind power equipment, hydrogen fuel gas turbines, ultra-high pressure hydrogen compressors, high-efficiency hydrogen fuel cells, and integrated commercial small reactors. Promote the innovation and upgrading of smart photovoltaics and the application of industry characteristics.
In fact, the scale of my country’s new energy installed capacity has been increasing in recent years. According to data released by the National Energy Administration a few days ago, my country’s grid-connected wind power installed capacity has exceeded 300 million kilowatts, doubled from the end of 2016. It is 1.4 times the EU’s total wind power installed capacity at the end of 2020 and 2.6 times that of the United States. It has ranked globally for 12 consecutive years. First.
However, the use of clean energy still requires more supporting policies and infrastructure. Lin Boqiang, dean of the China Energy Policy Research Institute of Xiamen University, said in an interview with a reporter from Beijing Business Daily that renewable energy installations are usually located in remote areas. Energy sources such as wind power and photovoltaics also have problems such as low utilization hours and unstable power generation. To increase the proportion of clean energy sources such as wind power and photovoltaics requires supporting storage and delivery systems. To improve the efficiency of clean energy development is an aspect that requires efforts in the medium and long term.
Accelerate the pace of transformation in many places
Recently, Sichuan, Anhui and other provinces have also accelerated the pace of energy transition.
As an important ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, Sichuan has outstanding clean energy advantages and rich resources. Its installed hydropower capacity and annual power generation, as well as proven reserves and annual output of natural gas (shale gas) rank first in the country, and there is room for wind and solar development. Very broad.
Recently, Sichuan Province has deliberated and passed the “Decision of the Sichuan Provincial Committee of the Communist Party of China on the achievement of carbon peak and carbon neutral goals as a leading role in promoting the high-quality development of green and low-carbon advantageous industries.” Director Tang Wenjin said that in the future, Sichuan will be built as an important innovation source for advanced green and low-carbon technologies in the country, a concentrated bearing area for green and low-carbon advantageous industries, a strategic support area for achieving carbon peaks and carbon neutral goals, and a pioneering area for green development in harmony between man and nature. .
Prior to this, the Hubei Provincial Development and Reform Commission issued the “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for the Green Development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt in Hubei Province” on November 26, proposing that by 2025, cities at the prefecture level and above will basically have a domestic waste sorting system, counties (cities) The coverage rate of domestic waste classification in built-up areas shall not be less than 50%. All prefecture-level cities have built garbage incineration treatment facilities, the harmless treatment rate of urban domestic waste reaches 100%, and the percentage of domestic waste incineration reaches more than 70%.
On December 4, Secretary of the Anhui Provincial Party Committee Zheng Shajie presided over the Anhui Province Carbon Peak Carbon Neutralization Leading Group meeting and emphasized that the province must focus on promoting green and low-carbon transformation in the energy sector, and focus on adjusting the industrial structure in the industrial sector. , The transportation sector must focus on building a green and low-carbon transportation system, and the urban and rural construction sector must focus on the development of energy-saving and low-carbon buildings…Strengthen the research and application of major green and low-carbon technologies, and promote the overall green transformation of economic and social development.
The directions proposed by the localities are clear and the plans are detailed. In terms of specific implementation, the “Plan” encourages local finances to increase support for the development of green and low-carbon industries, technology research and development, etc., innovate support methods, and guide more social resources to invest in industrial green development projects . On the one hand, it is necessary to expand the scope of the corporate income tax preferential catalog for environmental protection, energy and water saving; on the other hand, it is necessary to carry out green financial product and tool innovation, improve the green financial incentive mechanism, and promote green insurance in an orderly manner. Various methods are used to support the listing and refinancing of green companies, reduce financing costs, and study the establishment of a green technology innovation attribute determination mechanism.Beijing Commercial Daily reporter Tao Feng Lu Yinling