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what changes by 2030

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what changes by 2030

A directive with softer constraints than the first bill presented by Brussels, which grants greater flexibility to individual countries for restructuring. But it goes in the direction of providing for more stringent efficiency requirements for properties and zero emissions for new homes. The Green House received the definitive yes from the EU Council, with Italy and Hungary voting against.
“It’s a beautiful, ambitious directive, but in the end who pays? We have experiences in Italy in which a few lucky people have renovated their homes thanks to the money that the State, that is, all the other Italians, has put in and let’s say that it is an experience that could teach us something”, declared the Minister of Economy and finances, Giancarlo Giorgetti.

Under the new rules, all new buildings will have to be zero-emission by 2030, and the EU’s building stock should be transformed into a zero-emission stock by 2050. For non-residential buildings, the revised directive introduces minimum energy performance standards, ensuring that they do not exceed the specified maximum amount of primary or final energy they can use per square meter each year. What is especially worrying is the account worth 270 billion euros for real estate. The estimate was made by Unimpresa study centre, in light of the new rules contained in green homes directive according to which by 2050 all homes in Europe must have zero environmental impact. Out of nearly 12.5 million total units, they are over 7.6 million (61%) Italian properties classified in the worst energy classes, i.e. F and G, therefore included among those which, on the basis of the new European rules, will have to be redeveloped, with significant investments borne by families and businesses. The expense to renovate three out of five homes – we read in the Unimpresa press release – those that do not comply with the parameters of the EU directive, stands at around 270 billion, calculated considering an investment that varies from 20 thousand euros to 55 thousand euros for each property.

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“This measure demonstrates how the European Union does not look at overall interests, but you very frequently operate on the basis of ideologies. With the result that some countries are advantaged and others, such as Italy, but also Spain, Greece and Portugal, struggle and pay a very high bill – comments the president of Unimpresa, Giovanna Ferrara -. A rethink is needed, above all determination on the part of the Italian parties and those representing the European countries most damaged by the new rules. Governments have two years to implement this EU regulatory madness into their respective systems and in June, after the elections, the new European Parliament will take office. There is theoretical space, therefore, but it must be filled with the political will to change the rules because this time there is a risk of seriously damaging the Italian economy.”

Here are the main points of the text:

New buildings

Starting from 2030, all new buildings will have to be zero-emission. For those in public ownership, the deadline is brought forward to 2028.


Having abandoned the idea of ​​harmonized energy classes, it is established that by 2030 at least 16% of the public buildings with the worst performance will have to be renovated, with a target of reducing energy consumption by 16% for homes by 2030 and 20 -22% by 2035. This will require interventions such as the installation of thermal insulation, the replacement of fixtures and the adoption of condensing boilers and solar panels.

Solar panels

The obligation to install solar panels will concern new public buildings and will be progressive from 2026 to 2030. Furthermore, national strategies must be implemented to equip residential buildings with solar systems.

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Gas boilers

Countries will have until 2040 to phase out fossil fuel boilers, while subsidies for stand-alone fossil fuel boilers will be abolished from 2025, instead encouraging a switch to heating and cooling systems powered by renewable energy.

Flexibility and exemptions

The renovation measures adopted from 2020 will be counted towards the efficiency objective, while exemptions will be provided for historic, agricultural buildings, places of worship and properties for military use.

Entry into force and national plans

The agreement must be confirmed by national governments and published in the Official Journal, entering into force twenty days later. Countries will have two years to present their national plans to Brussels to achieve efficiency objectives.


It is expected that 275 billion euros of annual investments will be needed by 2030 for the energy transformation of the building stock, with the possibility of drawing on EU funds to support this transformation.

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