ROME – There are seven typical mistakes, which are best not made when driving an electric car. These are behaviors that increase costs, waste time and lower overall user satisfaction.
Mistake 1 – Charging away from home
A very common mistake, especially in the first period in which you drive an electric car, concerns the use of public columns. Who can, it is good to recharge at home, where the cost of the kilowatt hour, as well as being known – since it depends on one’s own supply conditions – is generally lower than that in the column. Those who do not have a home charging point must use the smartphone application well that indicates the infrastructures, carefully avoiding the columns not included in their contract. When you connect to an unconventional socket, the cost of the kWh often holds nasty surprises.
Error 2 – Ultra-fast charging
Another mistake, which can lead to significant economic waste, concerns the unnecessary use of infrastructure for fast and ultra-fast charging. They are very convenient to shorten waiting times especially when traveling, in fact, but also much more expensive. A complete recharge in a very high power column, for which there are no subscription discounts, makes the electric car even more expensive, on a kilometer basis, than the traditional one. If you are not in a hurry and do not have a subscription, it is better not to use them.
Error 3 – Battery grounded
The craving for driving with zero emissions is the cause of a further error many times, that of getting too low with the charge level of the batteries before deciding to recharge. When you have a few kilometers of remaining range, the choice is no longer possible and you have to settle for the first charging point you can reach, often too expensive or too slow. Furthermore, the time it takes to bring the level of a 50 kWh battery back to half its capacity, in the most common columns, takes over two hours if you start from almost zero.
Error 4 – Charging complete
Charging over 80% of battery capacity is almost always a waste of time. The last part of the recharge, in fact, is decidedly slower than the previous fractions. If 70-80% is more than enough for planned trips, it is completely useless to go further in charging. In the evening at home, with the whole night ahead, the battery will be able to return to 100% without forcing the driver to unnecessary waiting.
Error 5 – Excessive acceleration
The electric car in the sprint from a standstill is extremely fast, this in departures at the traffic light leads too many times to accelerate beyond what is necessary. With consequent braking at the next traffic slowdown, which especially in the city is very close together. Nothing could be more wrong. Excessive acceleration causes greater consumption and leads to waste of energy, waste of money and subsequent wear of the brakes, which instead thanks to regenerative braking (performed by operating the electric traction motors from generators) can be really minimal in electric cars .
Error 6 – Abrupt braking
If you brake abruptly, the vehicle must favor the use of the brakes over that of the motors used as generators and the amount of energy that can be recovered decreases significantly. In addition, the car makes an undesirable contribution to fine dust pollution, emitted in greater quantities by brakes and tires and raised off the ground when slowing abruptly. Braking is a key moment in driving an electric car. The ability to generate electricity to recharge the batteries in deceleration, thanks to the reversed operation of the motors, is one of the most interesting features of electrification.
Error 7 – High speed
Especially when traveling, the most frequent mistake aboard a vehicle driven by electric motors is driving at too high a speed. If petrol and diesel cars consume more as speed increases, for electric cars the increase becomes even exaggerated. Traveling at excessive speeds in the first part of the route represents the most classic mistake of the battery neophyte, who then finds himself having to proceed slowly on the motorway trying to get on his wheels to the charging point. To have a simple reference to keep in mind, consider that the electric car must not exceed the speed limits to guarantee the promised range. With a double advantage: in addition to the car, this will certainly also be good for safety.