Author: Zhang Enjie
The six-episode documentary “Cao Xueqin and A Dream of Red Mansions”, which took three and a half years to shoot and produced, premiered on the CCTV-9 record channel at 20 o’clock on the 2nd. Zhang Qingshan, president of the Chinese Society of Red Mansions, and Wei Lingzhi, secretary-general of the Beijing Cao Xueqin Society, appear in this documentary to explain Cao Xueqin and the characters in “Dream of Red Mansions”. In an interview with a reporter from Beijing Youth Daily, the two told some of the behind-the-scenes stories behind the shooting of the documentary.
Confirmed on the basis of cultural relics
Cao Xueqin’s life track in Xiangshan
According to Ganoderma lucidum, at the beginning of the documentary filming, the Cao Xueqin Society helped contact some red scientists and provided several shooting locations. “Our President Hu Deping recounted the results of his more than 40 years of research, and introduced Cao Xueqin’s status as a bannerman of the House of Internal Affairs and several cultural relics recognized by the Cao Society, and introduced Cao Xueqin’s living conditions.”
The Cao Society is based on several cultural relics such as Xiangshan Zhengbaiqi No. 39 inscribed wall of poems, a pair of book boxes, scraps copied from the “Waiyizhai Collection Draft”, and Cao Zhan’s picture album of Congqin, forming a piece of evidence. Chain link. It proves that Cao Xueqin lived in Zhengbai Banner Camp of Xiangshan Mountain, completed the writing of “A Dream of Red Mansions” and “Collections of Abandoned Yizhai”, and had remarried in the 25th year of Qianlong. These cultural relics and research results are reflected in this documentary.
“We took the documentary film crew to shoot at Cao Xueqin Memorial Hall, Cao Xueqin Trail, Yingtaogou Yuange, Shi Shangsong and other venues in Beijing Botanical Garden, and provided various foreign language translations of “A Dream of Red Mansions”.” Wei Lingzhi said that the film crew also used animation, The three forms of representation and interview distinguish between text and history, and mainly rely on narration to string up the whole story, which took a lot of thought.
The documentary tells about the censorship
Reasons for Jiangning Weaving Department
It is worth mentioning that in this first episode, the emperor Yongzheng ordered to check the Jiangning Weaving Department. In early 1728, in the twelfth lunar month of the fifth year of Yongzheng, in order to prevent the so-called “transfer of family property” by the Cao family, the Yongzheng emperor ordered to check the Jiangning Weaving Department. . The imperial decree reached Nanjing, and more than a hundred people from the Cao family were immediately detained. During the half a year of detention, the 13-year-old Cao Xueqin seemed to have grown up.
“‘Yangzhou’s old dream is long gone, Qinhuai’s wind and moon recalls the prosperity’, which means that the prosperity and decline of the Cao family in Jiangnan left an unforgettable memory in Cao Xueqin’s heart.” Zhang Qingshan explained in this documentary that there are no such old dreams in the south of the Yangtze River. Qinhuai Fengyue, without the decline of the Cao family, Cao Xueqin could not write “A Dream of Red Mansions.” In his opinion, Cao Xueqin is a genius, and he has gone through such hardships in life, so he can write a great book “Dream of Red Mansions” that is “vividly vivid”.
Regarding these commentary points in the documentary, Zhang Qingshan told reporters from Beijing Youth Daily that they were recorded during an interview with the documentary film crew in May 2019. At that time, he also talked about the thought and art of “A Dream of Red Mansions”, and his comments on Jia Baoyu, Lin Daiyu, etc. The analysis of the character, the background story of Yuan Fei’s proving relatives. Researcher Lv Qixiang of the Red Society also accepted an interview and talked about the analysis of Xiangling’s life destiny.
Filming the rise and fall of Cao’s family is less
Canal elements leave regret
Zhang Qingshan believes that this documentary has played a very good role in the current publicity of Cao Xueqin and “Dream of Red Mansions”. But in his opinion, there is also a regrettable part. At the end of the first episode, the producer ignored that after Cao’s family was ransacked, the canal waterway from Nanjing to Beijing was taken. In this shot, Cao Xueqin appeared in the prisoner. In the queue, it’s not right to be escorted by the Yamen to walk in the woods.
“I still had an idea back then. It was when the Cao’s family was seized. At the beginning of the camera, Grandma Cao Xueqin led Cao Xueqin on a boat in the canal, with her eyes looking south. With the camera, Jinling was getting further and further away from them… Zhang Qingshan also explained that the canal and the destiny of Cao’s family are too much. In “Dream of Red Mansions”, Lin Daiyu went to Jia’s house to Jinling by boat through the canal; Xiangling also said that she had taken a boat on the canal. In history, Kangxi visited the south 6 times and was picked up by the Cao family 4 times. At that time, he walked along the canal. It can be said that Cao Xueqin’s family prospered and defeated the Canal. (Zhang Enjie)