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What is the origin of Valentine’s Day and why it is celebrated every February 14

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What is the origin of Valentine’s Day and why it is celebrated every February 14

2024 – VALENTINE’S DAY. Since the 600s, Valentine’s Day has been celebrated in commemoration of the works of love and universal friendship carried out by Saint Valentine of Rome in the 3rd century.

Also called Valentine’s Day, it is one of the first holidays that signified the expansion of Christianity in the territories of the ancient Roman Empire.

Ephemeris. Valentine’s Day. (illustrative image)

Valentine’s Day: the origin of Valentine’s Day

The origin of Valentine’s Day dates back to the 3rd century, in Rome, from the death of Saint Valentine, a priest sentenced for celebrating marriages in secret.

At that time, Emperor Claudius II considered single people without families to be the best soldiers, since they had fewer ties and sentimental ties. For this reason, the emperor decided to prohibit the celebration of marriages for young people.

However, the priest Valentín decided to defy this measure and secretly marry all the young lovers who wanted it.

Upon finding out, Claudius II sentenced him to death on February 14, 270, alleging disobedience and rebellion. For this reason, Valentine’s Day is celebrated every February 14.

Ephemeris. Valentine’s Day. (illustrative image)

Valentine’s Day: 7 curiosities about Valentine’s Day

According to one of the most famous legends, while the priest Valentín was in the dungeons awaiting his fatal fate, he fell in love with a young blind woman who was also imprisoned and to whom he performed the miracle of being able to see before dying. The first record there is about Valentine’s Day is from February 14, 494. At first, the holiday was official of the Catholic Church, until, in 1969, during the Second Vatican Council, it was eliminated from the liturgical calendar. In Japan, only women entertain their partners in the party and, traditionally, chocolates are given as gifts. A month later, on March 14, men can return the gift on White Day. In Denmark and Norway, men send poems anonymously. If the woman guesses who wrote to her, she gets an Easter egg. If not, she must give it to him. In England it is customary to place five bay leaves, one in each corner of the pillow, and another in the center, to attract future love. In Puerto Rico love is celebrated in a more meaningful sense. broad, which includes friendship. Thus, gifts are exchanged between friends.

More anniversaries

1898 – SCALABRINI ORTIZ. The writer, journalist and essayist Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz was born in the city of Corrientes, whose most notable works are The Man Who Is Alone and Waits and History of the Argentine Railways. He was part of the Young Argentina Radical Orientation Force (FORJA), in whose notebooks he published several essays within the current of national historical revisionism.

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1944 – ALAN PARKER. British actor, filmmaker and producer Alan Parker, whose films won ten Oscars in different categories, was born in the London borough of Islington. Among his most successful works are Midnight Express, Fame and Pink Floyd’s The Wall.

Photo: AP.

1955 – GUILLERMO FRANCELLA. The actor and comedian Guillermo Francella, winner of six Martín Fierro awards, among other awards, is born in Buenos Aires. He worked in the films The Secret in His Eyes, winner of the 2010 Oscar, and in The Clan and The Robbery of the Century, among other highly successful films. He is considered one of the most influential celebrities in the country. He has worked on the popular television shows La familia Benvenuto and Married with Children.

The actor referred to the controversy over the Cordoban tune and defended his partner.

1976 – HUGO GATTI. Goalkeeper Hugo Orlando “el loco” Gatti debuts with the Boca Juniors shirt, where he would become one of the “xeneizes” idols. It was in the 2-0 victory against All Boys. With the Boquense shirt he played 548 games and won six titles, including the Copa Libertadores de América in 1977 and 1978 and the Intercontinental Cup in 1977.

“El Loco” Cats.

1978 – DIRE STRAITS. The recording of the album “Sultans of Swing” begins in London, the first by Dire Straits, which became the British rock band’s biggest hit.

1988 – ANGEL DI MARÍA. The footballer Ángel Di María, a French Paris Saint Germain player who emerged from the Rosario Central youth academy, was born in the Santa Fe city of Rosario. He shone for Spanish Real Madrid and English Manchester United, among other European teams. With the Argentine team he won the 2022 Qatar Soccer World Cup, the gold medal at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and with the U-20 he was champion of the 2007 World Cup in Canada.

Ángel Di María after winning the Qatar 2022 Soccer World Cup

2003 – DOLLY SHEEP. Dolly the sheep, the first mammal cloned from an adult cell, dies in the Scottish city of Edinburgh. Its creators were scientists Ian Wilmut and Keith Campbell, from the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh.

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DOLLY SHEEP (File/AP).

2005 – YOUTUBE LAUNCH. Computer entrepreneurs Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim launch the video website YouTube in the Silicon Valley region (California, USA), which would become one of the largest social networks and the second largest search engine for audiovisual content in the world. Internet. In October 2006 it was acquired by Google in exchange for 1.65 billion dollars.

Illustrative image. / Photo: YouTube

2021 – MENEM. Carlos Saúl Menem dies in the Sanatorium De Los Arcos, Buenos Aires. The lawyer and politician was president of the country between 1989 and 1999. From 2005 to 2021 he was a national senator, representing La Rioja.

Carlos Saúl Menem (Anillaco, La Rioja; July 2, 1930-Buenos Aires, February 14, 2021), president of the Argentine Nation between 1989 and 1999 and governor of the province of La Rioja in the periods 1973-1976 and 1983 -1989. From 2005 to 2021 he was a national senator, representing the province of La Rioja.

2024 – ENERGY DAY. World Energy Day is celebrated, established in 1949 to promote the use of alternative sources and reduce the use of non-renewable resources, such as fossil fuels.

(illustrative image)

Other anniversaries

1503.- A Royal Decree of Isabella the Catholic designates the royal officials who will direct the House of Contracting of the Indies, created to promote trade and navigation in the Spanish overseas territories.

1556.- The Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is demoted by Rome from his holy orders for his commitment to the English Reformation.

1779.- The navigator and captain of the British Royal Navy, James Cook, is murdered in Hawaii by inhabitants of the island.

1831.- The general and politician Vicente Guerrero, independence leader and president of Mexico, is shot.

1895.- ?The Importance of Being Earnest by the Irish writer Oscar Wilde, a play about the customs of British society, premieres at the St. James’ Theater in London.

1902.- The International Alliance for Women’s Suffrage is established in Washington (USA).

1903.- The British and German empires and the Kingdom of Italy agree to lift the naval blockade of Venezuelan ports in exchange for the payment of debts.

1912.- Arizona is admitted as the forty-eighth state of the United States.

1918.- The Soviet Government led by Vladimir Lenin establishes the Gregorian calendar in Russia to replace the Julian calendar and February 1st becomes February 14th directly.

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1924.- The American technology multinational CTR (Computing Tabulating Recording) is renamed IBM (International Business Machines).

1927.- A strong earthquake causes more than 600 victims in Yugoslavia.

1642.- A ravenous fire completely burns Mexico City.

1946.- The British Labor Government enacts the law that nationalizes the Bank of England, the oldest of the national banks in Europe.

1948.- Argentina and Venezuela sign a treaty to exchange meat for oil.

1967.- 14 Ibero-American countries sign the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, also known as the “Declaration of Tlatelolco”.

1972.- Mexico establishes diplomatic relations for the first time with the People’s Republic of China.

1983.- Ariel Sharon resigns as Minister of Defense of Israel, accused of instigating the massacre in the Palestinian camps of Sabra and Chatila (Beirut).

1988.- The president of Paraguay, Alfredo Stroessner, obtains his seventh re-election with 89% of the votes and accusations of electoral fraud.

1989.- Ayatollah Khomeini issues a fatwa condemning Salman Rushdie, author of “The Satanic Verses,” to death for blasphemy.

1994.- Perfecto Gutiérrez, general secretary of the Social Democratic Party (PSD), is assassinated in Managua (Nicaragua).

2012.- A fire in the Comayagua prison (Honduras) causes the death of 360 prisoners.

2018.- A young man kills 17 people in a shooting at a school in Florida (USA).

Births

1898.- Jorge Mañach, Cuban writer and politician.

1942.- Michael Bloomberg, American politician, was mayor of New York.

1943.- Marceo Parker, American jazz saxophonist.

1946.- Emilio Barberá Guillem, Spanish doctor and researcher.

1947.- Tim Buckley, American musician.

1949.- Rafael A. Calderón, former president of Costa Rica.

1964.- Gianni Bugno, Italian cyclist champion.

1973.- Óscar de la Hoya, American former boxer of Mexican origin.

1987.- Edinson Cavani, Uruguayan footballer.

1992.- Christian Eriksen, Danish footballer.

1994.- Becky Hill, English singer and songwriter.

Deaths

1400.- Richard II, English king.

1929.- Tom Burke, American athlete.

1975. PG Wodehouse, English writer.

1998.- José Ignacio Barraquer, ophthalmological surgeon.

2004.- Marco Pantani, Italian cyclist.

2009.- Louei Bellson, American jazz drummer.

2015.- Michele Ferrero, Italian empresario.

2020.- Reinbert de Leeuw, Dutch conductor, pianist and composer.

2022.- Borislav Ivkov, Serbian chess player.

Source: own and agencies.

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