Home » Black skin cancer|Skin tumor|Malignant melanoma | Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

Black skin cancer|Skin tumor|Malignant melanoma | Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

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Black skin cancer|Skin tumor|Malignant melanoma |  Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

The risk groups for the development of melanoma include people with fair skin and blonde or reddish hair, people whose family members have already suffered from malignant melanoma, as well as people who were often sunburned in their childhood and those whose immune system is weakened by infections (e.g e.g. HIV) or is weakened by medication. People who have a high number of moles (nevus cell nevi) also belong to a risk group.

Melanoma tends to develop on areas of skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, neck, neck, arms and lower legs, and predominantly forms from moles that have often been completely inconspicuous for years. The tumor cells grow in both horizontal and vertical directions. Horizontal growth leads to a visible increase in the size of the melanoma on the skin; vertical growth is important for the prognosis. The tumor tends to spread early metastases throughout the body via lymphatic and blood vessels, settles in other organs and can multiply there. In Germany itself, around 15,000 people develop malignant melanoma every year, and more than 2,000 German citizens die from it.

A for Asymmetry: Melanomas prefer to grow in one direction and are neither round nor oval B for Boundary: They merge seamlessly into healthy, light skin and are irregular and blurred C for Color: The coloring of the melanoma is inconsistent and ranges from reddish to brown and black to gray and rarely whitishD for Diameter: The diameter of the melanoma increases slowly and is larger than 5 millimetersE for Elevation: Hemispherical, upwardly growing pigment moles are also suspicious.

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If several of these criteria apply, then the stain should be removed as a precaution.

Detecting melanoma as early as possible is crucial for its prognosis and depends on the tumor stage, tumor thickness, depth of penetration and the type of tumor. The first step in treatment is to surgically remove this skin cancer. Further therapy depends on the stage of the disease. If diagnosed and treated in the early stages, skin cancer can be curable, but only early removal of the melanoma can lead to a cure. In stage III, as soon as distant metastases appear in organs, a cure is no longer possible and the chance of survival is drastically reduced. The detection of melanoma is therefore very important. In this respect, regular self-examinations of the body for skin changes or changes in birthmarks can help to detect melanomas at an early stage.

Preventive examinations and early detection measures are also very important, especially for people who are particularly at risk. If you belong to a risk group, an annual check-up with a dermatologist is recommended.

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