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Caring for the fiddle leaf fig properly: How does the houseplant thrive? | > – Guide – Garden

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Caring for the fiddle leaf fig properly: How does the houseplant thrive?  |  > – Guide – Garden

As of: February 10, 2024 5:00 a.m

Evergreen and air-purifying: fiddlehead figs are uncomplicated houseplants that can grow to an impressive size. Which location is ideal and what is important when it comes to care?

If you choose a fiddle leaf fig (Ficus lyrata), you should plan enough space in the living room or office. The houseplant is related to the rubber tree (Ficus elastica) and the real fig tree (Ficus carica) and can grow up to four meters high and one meter wide in a pot. For example, the short variety “Bambino” is suitable for smaller rooms.

Bright location and constant room temperature

The fiddle leaf fig is one of the easy-care houseplants that also ensures an improved indoor climate thanks to its air-purifying properties. What it absolutely needs is a bright location without drafts and direct sunlight. If there is too little light, the leaves turn yellow. The ficus, which comes from the tropics, also prefers warm temperatures with high humidity. Even in winter the temperature must not fall below 18 degrees. Once the location has been chosen, it should not be changed if possible, otherwise violin figs will quickly lose their leaves.

Tip: Dust on the leaves prevents the fiddle leaf fig from absorbing enough light. It should therefore be dusted regularly with a damp cloth.

Care: Water, fertilize and repot properly

Using expanded clay can prevent waterlogging.

Conventional potting soil is suitable as a substrate. Make sure that the soil does not dry out completely or become waterlogged. A layer of clay granules or expanded clay at the bottom of the planter prevents root rot, which becomes visible as yellow or brownish-black leaves. During the growth phase (March to October), weekly addition of liquid fertilizer to the irrigation water promotes growth. In winter you should water and fertilize less.

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Since young plants in particular grow quite quickly, they need a larger pot every year. The ideal time to repot is in spring or summer. For older violin figs, an interval of two to three years is sufficient.

Cut the fiddle leaf fig and propagate it through cuttings

Regular pruning is not necessary for violin figs. It is enough to remove wilted leaves. To propagate, simply cut off an upper shoot of the plant (head cutting) about ten to 15 centimeters long in spring and first place it in water at room temperature (20 to 25 degrees). Shortly afterwards, the cutting forms roots and can be planted in the ground.

Fiddle Leaf Fig: Mildly toxic to children and pets

Like all mulberry plants, fiddlehead figs contain a plant sap that is slightly toxic to humans and animals. This can cause irritation through skin contact and gastrointestinal problems after consumption. Particularly with children and small pets, you should make sure that the plant is out of reach.

Frequently asked questions about fiddle leaf figs

For healthy growth, fiddlehead figs need a bright location without direct sunlight. Yellow leaves can be a sign of too little light. Root rot can also cause yellow or brownish-black leaves. It is therefore essential to avoid waterlogging.

Once the location of the fiddle leaf fig has been determined, it should not be changed if possible. If there are fluctuations in temperature or light, the Ficus species can quickly lose its leaves.

Further information

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This topic in the program:

NDR 1 Lower Saxony | Garden podcast: All carrots, or what?! | 01/29/2024 | 6:00 p.m

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