Home » Drugs under test: identifying and treating pulmonary hypertension

Drugs under test: identifying and treating pulmonary hypertension

by admin

Lungs absorb less oxygen

If the blood vessels are constricted, the resistance in the vessels increases. As a result, the muscles in the pulmonary arteries thicken and convert into connective tissue. The longer the pulmonary hypertension lasts, the stiffer the arteries become and the less oxygen can be absorbed by the lungs. Over time, the artery becomes less and less elastic, the cross-section is constantly narrowed and a fatal spiral of disease begins.

Tight chest, water in the legs

Pulmonary hypertension severely limits physical performance, and it can lead to circulatory disorders, brief fainting, tight chests, circulatory problems in the hands and feet or water retention in the legs. The right ventricle loses strength (right heart failure) because it constantly has to work against the high pressure in the pulmonary arteries.

Identify causes of pulmonary hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension is often the result of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but can also spread through Asthma, AIDS, scleroderma, a develop a pulmonary embolism or a congenital heart defect. It is therefore important that the underlying disease of the pulmonary hypertension is treated. And, of course, it is essential to give up smoking completely.

Indirect Diagnosis. There is no easy way to measure blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries. With the help of an electrocardiogram (ECG), the doctor can determine whether the right ventricle is enlarged. In addition, X-ray and ultrasound examinations are used to diagnose pulmonary hypertension.

Pulmonary hypertension can be treated with sildenafil

Macitentan is often prescribed for the drug treatment of pulmonary hypertension, but the active ingredient can also be used Sildenafil (Revatio) can be used in the form of tablets or injections – in children as well as in adults. Sildenafil is mainly used in the treatment of Erectile dysfunction known (Viagra). If the drug is used continuously in pulmonary hypertension, however, adverse effects occur more and more frequently than in men who only take sildenafil occasionally to induce an erection.

See also  continues the bad period of the Tuscan – OA Sport

Sildenafil acts only on pulmonary vessels

In pulmonary hypertension, sildenafil causes narrowed pulmonary arteries to widen. The drug has only a slight effect on the other blood vessels in the body, the blood pressure is only slightly and only temporarily lowered. In pulmonary hypertension, sildenafil can improve performance slightly: in adults who, because of the disease, can only walk 350 meters in six minutes, this walking distance increases by about 45 meters under sildenafil. It has not been proven whether this also increases life expectancy. Sildenafil is therefore suitable for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension with restrictions. The drug should only be used in centers that specialize in it.

Pay close attention to the dose

Revatio should never be taken or injected in higher doses than recommended by the manufacturer. This has already resulted in deaths among children.

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy