The end of petrol or diesel cars announced by the EU for 2035 will most likely not happen by decree but due to a natural market trend. Just as in the past diesel engines have taken over petrol ones, only to lose it again, the electric ones will go “to power” by choice of consumers. And, probably, much sooner than some lawmakers would like to impose.
To understand the speech it is enough simply to look to the past. To the formidable growth of electricity in the last period. Sure, The only true judge of truth is time (Pindaro), but there is no escape from the numbers: the progression of the PEVs (the good ones call them this, but they are only the Plug-in Electric Vehicle and the real electric cars, which in technical jargon are called PHEV and BEV respectively) scares. In June in Italy they reached 14,105 units sold, reaching a new record for the single month, in terms of market share of 9.4%. “At the aggregate level – explain the analysts of Motus-E, the largest Italian sector association – since the beginning of the year there has been a market share of 7.7%, more than doubled compared to the same semester of 2020 ( which, moreover, was suffering from a total market severely affected by the pandemic).
But that is not all. Let’s analyze the record of the half year: if the total market volumes of 2019 had been maintained, however, the ENPs would have reached 6.3% of the market, more than double the half of last year. Furthermore, in the first six months of 2021, PEV registrations (67,000) have already exceeded the total registrations for the whole of 2020 (59,000)…. Specifically, in June 2021 there were 7,005 BEVs (battery electric cars) and 7,100 PHEVs (plug-in hybrids), with a result for the half year of 30,252 BEVs and 37,881 PHEVs, triple the BEVs and 7 times the PHEVs recorded in the first half. 2020.
The analysis of the market segments is also important because it shows that electric cars are no longer toys for the rich: the top ten is chock full of popular cars.
The best-selling BEV until June 2021 is in fact the Fiat 500E which, with 5,107 units, grew by over 18% in a single month. In second place, stable, the Smart Fortwo with 3,580 units (+615 compared to May) followed by the Renault Twingo with 3,126 (+829). In short, to find the first luxury car we have to get off the podium where we find the Tesla Model 3 with 3,115 units, but without the strange delivery policy of the American house (which concentrates everything in the last month of the quarter – it recorded an impressive + 984) probably the Tesla would not even be there, overtaken by the Renault Zoe in fifth place.
Parallel to the explosion in sales of electric cars also that of columns: in Italy 23,275 charging points are installed in 11,834 stations (or columns) and 9,453 locations accessible to the public. Compared to the previous processing in March 2021, which reported 20,757 points in 10,531 infrastructures, a significant increase in growth rates is observed, certainly due to the recovery and improvement of the pandemic situation. In fact, there was an increase of 2,518 points (+ 12% against + 8%, +1,433 in the previous quarter) and 1,303 infrastructures (+ 12% against + 8%, +822 in the previous quarter).
Unfortunately, about 15% of the infrastructures installed are currently not usable by end users, as it has not so far been possible to finalize the connection to the electricity grid by the energy distributor or for other authorization reasons, but this rate has decreased compared to the 22% of the previous survey.
Compared to the first Motus-E survey in September 2019 (10,647 points in 5,246 infrastructures), there is a growth of + 118% and an average annual growth of + 53%.
It is noted on average that of the 11,834 charging stations, 80% is located on public land (eg street) while the remaining 20% on private land for public use (eg supermarkets or shopping centers).
In terms of power, 95% of the charging points are in alternating current (AC), while only 5% in direct current (DC). Furthermore, 19% of the points are at slow charging (with installed power equal to or less than 7 kW), 77% with accelerated or fast charging in AC (between 7.5 kW and 43 kW) and only 5% fast in DC (from 44 kW and up) and almost 1% high power or High Power Chargers – HPC (with powers of at least 100 kW).
But from the point of view of the location of the recharging points there is a lot, a lot to do: about 57% of the infrastructures are distributed in Northern Italy, about 23% in the Center while only 20% in the South and the Islands.
Lombardy with 4,130 points is the most virtuous region, and alone owns 18% of all installations. Piedmont, Lazio and Emilia-Romagna follow in order with 10% each, Veneto at 9% and Tuscany at 8%. The six regions together cover 65% of the total points in Italy … While, in terms of relative growth, the regions that increased their points the most compared to December were Trentino-Alto Adige, with a + 26% followed by Friuli-Venezia Giulia + 22% and Lazio + 19%.