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Influenza B, has its time come with spring?

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Influenza B, has its time come with spring?

The Season of Influenza: What You Need to Know

The season of influenza is not over yet. While the number of cases of flu-like syndromes in the country is decreasing, the incidence is still high, especially for the little ones who may be susceptible to influenza B viruses. However, there is no need for alarm.

What is influenza B?

Influenza B is a specific type of flu virus that almost exclusively infects humans. Unlike type A viruses, which drive annual influenza epidemics, type B viruses accumulate mutations more slowly. Infection with a type B influenza virus can manifest with symptoms such as fever, sore throat, cough, runny nose, tiredness, joint and muscle pain, and in some cases, gastrointestinal disorders.

What are the symptoms of influenza B?

Symptoms of influenza B include fever, sore throat, cough, runny nose, tiredness, and joint and muscle pain. In more severe cases, complications such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and inflammation of muscle tissue or the heart may occur. It is important not to underestimate the seriousness of the illness, especially in vulnerable populations.

What to do?

Since influenza B is a viral infection, it cannot be treated with antibiotics. However, symptoms can be managed with over-the-counter medications such as antipyretics and anti-inflammatories. It is important to consult a pediatrician or family doctor, especially in cases of high fever or with young children or vulnerable individuals.

How is it prevented?

In addition to practicing good hygiene, the flu can be prevented through vaccination. In Italy, quadrivalent influenza vaccines are available starting in October and are offered free of charge to vulnerable populations such as the elderly, pregnant women, and those with underlying health conditions. Vaccination is recommended for all individuals over six months of age without contraindications.

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As the season of influenza continues, it is important to be informed about the symptoms, treatment options, and prevention strategies to protect yourself and your loved ones. Stay vigilant and take necessary precautions to stay healthy during this time.

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