Home » Long-term immunotherapy for allergies | Sublingual immunotherapy | Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

Long-term immunotherapy for allergies | Sublingual immunotherapy | Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

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Long-term immunotherapy for allergies | Sublingual immunotherapy |  Gesundheit-Aktuell.de

If such hay fever is not treated, it can develop into chronic bronchial asthma and over time the allergy can spread to other triggers, causing even more severe symptoms. Autumn/winter is the best time for pollen allergy sufferers to treat their allergy so that they can breathe with significantly less discomfort in the next pollen season. A skin prick test can be used to determine whether the cause is really an allergy. Various pollen extracts are dripped drop by drop onto the forearm and lightly injected into the skin level. In addition, a blood test can be carried out, in which the body’s own antibodies against the pollen can be detected in the so-called RAST test.

In the case of an allergy with increasing symptoms from year to year, desensitization should be considered. It is the only method that can lead to the symptoms easing. With immunotherapy, the immune system gets used to the substance to which it does not react correctly or is overly sensitive. In most cases, this makes it possible to normalize the function of the immune system. The body’s immune system tolerates the allergy trigger again and no longer triggers a defensive reaction. Nowadays, the respective substance can be administered in precisely measured concentrations and without mixing or additives. In principle, it is therefore a genuine natural product, as it is usually isolated from its natural origin, such as flower pollen, and dissolved in water. During standard desensitization, the allergy sufferer has the allergen injected under the skin on his upper arm in continuously increasing doses in order to make him insensitive to the pollen. However, this method is very time-consuming for the patient because they have to come to the practice or clinic for each injection.

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Long-term immunotherapy is considered the most effective form of specific immunotherapy. During a build-up phase, the allergy patient usually receives an injection under the skin once a week during the pollen-free period – for around four months. The dose of allergens is gradually increased. In the subsequent continuation phase, the allergy sufferer only receives his injections every six to eight weeks. Treatment should be continued for three to five years.

Sublingual Specific Immunotherapy (SLIT) is a special form of immunotherapy in which the drug is dripped under the tongue (sublingually) by the patient. This therapy starts directly at the site of the disease. Patients place a few drops of the allergen solution under their tongue at a fixed time every day. To give the medication enough time to be absorbed, it must be held under the tongue for two minutes and then swallowed. When swallowed, the substances reach other parts of the mucous membranes and can potentially have an additional effect there. After a three-year treatment period, the body should have gotten used to the allergens. No serious side effects have occurred with this procedure; patients have only sometimes complained about swelling and itching in the mouth. With the help of allergen solutions that are dripped under the tongue, even smaller children and particularly sensitive patients or patients who are afraid of needles can be successfully treated.

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