Home » Measles, epidemic alarm in Great Britain after the decline in vaccinations. And in Italy?

Measles, epidemic alarm in Great Britain after the decline in vaccinations. And in Italy?

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Measles, epidemic alarm in Great Britain after the decline in vaccinations.  And in Italy?

Measles Cases on the Rise in Europe; Italy Also Seeing Increase

In 2023, Europe experienced a significant surge in measles cases, with numbers soaring more than 40 times compared to the previous year. Italy, too, has not been immune to this trend, with 64 cases reported in the first two months of the year (43 in 2023 and 15 in 2022). Alarmingly, vaccination coverage in Italy is below the recommended safety threshold of 95%, as advised by the World Health Organization.

Great Britain is facing a similar situation, with a reported “measles epidemic” following years of declining vaccination rates among children. Between October 2023 and February of this year, 650 cases of measles were confirmed, prompting concerns over the low levels of immunization. The overall vaccination coverage in the UK stands at 84.5%, falling short of the WHO’s safety threshold, with London recording an even lower coverage rate of 73.1%.

The World Health Organization has emphasized the importance of maintaining high vaccination coverage to prevent the spread of measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases. While measles can be a potentially dangerous infectious disease, it is entirely preventable with vaccination. The WHO has urged all member states to maximize their efforts in achieving and maintaining high vaccination coverage to protect against measles outbreaks.

In Italy, the Infectious Diseases Department of the Istituto Superiore di Sanità has recorded a significant increase in measles cases, with 43 cases reported in 2023 compared to 15 in the previous year. The surveillance system has reported 29 cases in January and 35 cases in February of 2024, with 30%-40% of cases being imported.

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Measles is a highly contagious disease that can lead to serious complications, including pneumonia, encephalitis, and even death. Vaccination remains the most effective way to prevent measles, with the vaccine offered free of charge to all children by the National Health Service in Italy. It is crucial to ensure high vaccination coverage to protect against the resurgence of measles and other vaccine-preventable diseases.

As the number of measles cases continues to rise in Europe and Italy, it is essential for individuals to prioritize vaccination and follow public health recommendations to prevent the spread of this infectious disease. No one should die from measles, and with proper vaccination coverage, the goal of eradicating measles can be within reach.

March 4, 2024 (modified March 4, 2024 | 3:16 pm)
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