Home » Obesity Day returns on Monday 4 March, World Obesity Day – Health

Obesity Day returns on Monday 4 March, World Obesity Day – Health

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Obesity Day returns on Monday 4 March, World Obesity Day – Health

Throughout Emilia-Romagna there are many meetings and initiatives to raise citizens’ awareness of this pathology. The Region is involved in the prevention and care of even the youngest children, with coordinated interventions and a model for taking care of overweight and obese children which has been included by the WHO among the European good practices to combat childhood obesity

March 2, 2024 – Theobesity it’s not a condition, but a disease. What in Emilia Romagna regard over 336 thousand adults (between 18 and 69 years) – 11% of the population of this age – to which are added 945 thousand overweightil 32%.

Il 4 Marchlike every year, we celebrate the World Obesity Dayand all the regional health service He’s busy organizing information and awareness initiatives and meetings (the programs are available on the websites of healthcare companies and hospitals). To make citizens understand that obesity is not a joke, because it constitutes one of the main risk factors linked to the onset of other pathologies such as stroke, diabetes, cancer, hypertension and heart problems; furthermore, today more than ever it also represents a stigma and is often linked to episodes of bullying and fat shaming, with the consequent psychological and overall well-being repercussions it brings with it.

“It is important not to leave people alone with their diet: in Emilia-Romagna at their side are the professionals and multidisciplinary teams of the regional health service, which for years has been carrying out activities to prevent, combat and treat obesity starting from from early childhood – states the councilor for health policies, Raffaele Donini-. We must continue to work to promote healthy lifestyles, combat sedentary lifestyles and promote good eating habits.”

The people with obesity in Emilia-Romagna are taken care of and followed preventive and clinical nutrition network from the Local health authoritiesthrough the Food Hygiene and Nutrition services, and the Hospital companiescon multidisciplinary team trained by nutritionists, sports doctors, psychologists and other specialists.

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But the fight against obesity, as with other chronic diseases, first of all involves a strategy that promotescorrect nutrition e physical activity regular in different settings – school, work, community and healthcare facilities, and before that during pregnancy and in the family – and from one specific program aimed at childrenthe “Regional model for taking charge of overweight and obese children”, active since 2013 and which was included by the World Health Organization among European good practices to combat childhood obesity. THE general practitioners eh paediatricians of free choice they play a fundamental role and constitute the first step to access the services.

A net which serves to prevent and combat the disease and treat people with obesity of all ages: if in the region 43% of adults has excess weight, the percentage rises to over half of the population over 69 (Passi and Passi d’argento data for the two-year period 2021-2022). More comforting numbers, however, for the minors. In Emilia-Romagna, 26% of 8-9 year old children are overweight or have obesity, but fortunately the prevalence decreases in adolescence: 15% in 17 year olds (OKkio 2019 and HBSC 2022 data). Excess weight is often influenced by poor movement and too much time spent in front of TV, video games, tablets, mobile phones or on social networks.

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The Region’s experience in the prevention and treatment of obesity

For the prevention and treatment of obesity, the Emilia-Romagna Region has adopted a multidisciplinary approach, with a wide range of interventions coordinated at different levels, and specific guidelines to prevent its onset, slow down its progression and ensure its control. early management of subjects at risk of obesity.

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The “Regional model for taking care of overweight and obese children” has been active since 2013, which involves local health authorities through an integrated network of prevention, diagnosis and treatment services. Also in the pediatric field, the “Flavors of motherhood” project is active, which provides useful advice for a correct lifestyle for pregnant women who are overweight or obese, and the new Guidelines for school catering have been developed.

Among other prevention initiatives, there are two websites: Alimenti&Salute and Mappa della Salute, with all the opportunities for healthy eating and exercise for residents in Emilia-Romagna.

Furthermore, through the two programs of the 2021-2025 Regional Prevention Plan “Schools that promote health” and “Workplaces that promote health“, the Region continues to bring the themes of prevention of chronic pathologies through support for healthy lifestyles.

Finally, it signed a collaboration agreement with the Ministry of Health and eight other Italian regions to implement, by mid-2025, a specific project for the prevention and treatment of obesity, of which Emilia-Romagna is the leader. There is a total of over 400 thousand euros available to support targeted training and care interventions for minors and adults.

Overweight, obesity and sedentary lifestyle: the data

Excess weight. In Emilia-Romagna, 32% of the population between 18 and 69 years old is overweight (over 945 thousand people) and 11% has obesity (over 336 thousand people), for a total of adults with excess body weight of 43 % (over one million and 281 thousand people). Percentage that increases with age: among those aged over 69, 40% are overweight and 16% are obese, with a percentage of elderly people with excess body weight of over half the population (Passi and Passi d’argento data two-year period
2021-2022).

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With regard to the youngest, according to the OKkio 2019 survey, 26% of 8-9 year old children are overweight (19% overweight and 7% with obesity), a prevalence that drops in adolescence: less than 20% in 11 year olds, the 16% in 13 year olds, 17% in 15 year olds and 15% in 17 year olds (2022 HBSC data).

Sedentary lifestyle. In Emilia-Romagna in the two-year period 2021-2022, 14% of adults are completely sedentary; the percentage rises to 21% among those with at least one chronic pathology, equal to an estimate of over 124 thousand people (Passi data).

Considering the little ones, however, 16% of 8-9 year old children did not do any physical activity the day before the OKkio 2019 survey and 40% spend more than two hours a day in front of TV and/or video games, tablets, mobile phones. Figures that vary with growth: 6% of 11-13 year olds and 18% of 17 year olds never do physical activity. A significant share of adolescents between 11 and 17 years old (61%) spend more than three hours in front of TV, PC or smartphone watching videos, using social networks or playing video games (HBSC 2022 data)

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