Home » Pollen allergy | Allergy vaccination | Hyposensitization

Pollen allergy | Allergy vaccination | Hyposensitization

by admin
Pollen allergy |  Allergy vaccination |  Hyposensitization

In Germany alone, more than 10 million people suffer from pollen allergies or allergic asthma, and the number is rising.

A pollen allergy is not a trivial illness. One in three people with pollen allergies don’t just have itchy noses or eyes. A dry, irritating cough is the first symptom that indicates an infection of the lower respiratory tract. Now there is a threat of allergic asthma, which not only makes it difficult to breathe in an acute attack, but also destroys the lung tissue in a chronic course and can thus significantly limit both the quality of life and life expectancy.

What can you do about a pollen allergy and when is medical treatment necessary?

First of all, it should be clarified whether a pollen allergy actually exists. A classic symptom is sudden attacks of sneezing or itchy eyes. Depending on the weather and region, the hazel pollen flight begins as early as January. Alder pollen follows in February, while the appearance of birch pollen is typical around Easter. Grass pollen begins at the beginning of May, followed by rye pollen in June. Mugwort and plantain pollen can appear until late autumn. If the allergic symptoms are very severe, there is even shortness of breath and the symptoms last for several days, you should consult a doctor immediately. Here the patient not only receives effective medication, but usually also an appointment for allergy testing. During prick testing, a drop of allergy solution is applied to the skin, lightly scratched with a needle and the result is read after 20 minutes. If an itchy wheal forms as a result of the test, sensitization has already been proven.

See also  7 good reasons why you should jump rope

No further examination is necessary for symptoms that last for less than 4 weeks and can be easily treated with anti-allergic medication. If the anti-allergic medication does not help sufficiently or the symptoms bother the person affected for a long time, there is the option of allergy vaccination (hyposensitization). A diluted allergen solution is injected into the upper arm at weekly intervals. Depending on the selection of the appropriate preparation, the treatment lasts between 4 and 12 weeks and is carried out over a period of 3 years. The aim is to build up the body’s own protective antibodies that permanently prevent the allergic reaction in the following pollen season.

The allergy vaccination is carried out by allergologically trained doctors, usually all dermatologists. In addition to the blood test (ELISA test), nasal mucosa testing and comparison with the patient’s symptom calendar contribute to the exact identification of the triggering allergen. The treatment results are very good if the triggering allergens are precisely diagnosed. If diagnosed and treated in a timely manner, pollen allergy can be effectively prevented.

Further topics on health and medicine

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy