It’s important to know the symptoms of a stroke to intervene in time: here’s everything you need to know.
Unfortunately our body is not a perfect machine and as a result unpleasant events can happen in which we even risk our lives.
Above all with advancing age, but not only, one goes to meet gods higher risk of having a strokewhich is a sudden event caused when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. If this happens to a relative or friend, or even yourself, it is important to be able to recognize it and try to intervene as soon as possible.
Stroke: everything you need to know about the causes and subjects at risk
Cerebral stroke it occurs when a blood vessel carrying oxygenated blood and nutrients to the brain ruptures, thus blocking the blood supply to a specific area of the brain. This can damage brain tissue as well cause permanent damageor in severe cases Lead to immediate death.
A stroke can be caused by several reasonsamong which:
- an embolism: it is a blood clot blocking a cerebral artery; it can form in blood vessels in the neck or heart and then travel to the brain
- A hemorrhageThis is a rupture of a blood vessel in the brain, which can happen due to very high blood pressure or fragile blood vessels
- An obstruction: that is, an atherosclerotic plaque or accumulation of fat that detaches and blocks a cerebral artery
The individuals most at risk of a stroke are people with high blood pressure or suffering from diabetes; anyone familiar with stroke or heart disease; smokers; those who have a sedentary lifestyle and high cholesterol levels; and finally seniors over 65 years of age.
How to identify the symptoms and how to act promptly
There are a few symptoms that can herald the onset of a stroke and the most common include:
- Paralysis of one side of the body, especially the face
- Weakness on one side of the body, especially if the affected person cannot lift one of their arms
- Speech and language problems, particularly if speech becomes slurred and very repetitive
If you have encountered some of these signs in another person or in yourself, it is very important call for help immediately, to whom provide the necessary information on the symptoms observed. The first few minutes and hours are crucial for limiting the damage. In the meantime it is important to try to keep calm and to remain still, to keep the airways open. Prompt intervention significantly increases the chances of full recovery after a stroke.