Home » The Atlantic diet is the new rival of the Mediterranean diet. Which is better?

The Atlantic diet is the new rival of the Mediterranean diet. Which is better?

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The Atlantic diet is the new rival of the Mediterranean diet.  Which is better?

A recent study affirms the advantages of another food style of European origin. Here are their benefits and how they differ

The Mediterranean diet has a rival, ready to compete for the scepter of queen of nutrition: the Atlantic diet. From a sea to an ocean, but always within Europe, since this dietary style is based on the diet of people living between northwestern Spain and northern Portugal. The comparison between the two diets arises from a recent study published in JAMA Network, according to which even those who follow the Atlantic diet run a reduced risk of developing the dreaded metabolic syndrome.

The Atlantic diet is appreciated by the populations of northern Portugal and Galicia. It is based on local, fresh and whole foods, such as fruits, vegetables, breads, legumes, nuts, fish, dairy products and eggs. The most common food group in the Atlantic diet is starch: bread, pasta, rice, whole grains and non-whole grains, which are consumed 6 to 8 times a day. This diet also includes some meat, mainly beef and pork. Olive oil is a common condiment, and wine is consumed with meals. In this it is similar to “our” Mediterranean diet, as well as its lifestyle, given that it emphasizes sociality at the table (and beyond).

Jama’s study reveals that, compared to those following the normal diet, people who have adopted the Atlantic diet for 6 months have a lower risk of developing metabolic syndrome, a condition that increases the likelihood of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. The Atlantic diet, despite its nutritional richness, appears to particularly reduce the risk of obesity, diabetes, hypertension and high triglyceride levels.

The benefits of the Atlantic diet are due to the abundance of fish and nuts, which provide Omega-3 fatty acids and antioxidants. Whole grains, fruits and vegetables also contain fiber, vitamins and minerals essential for heart health. In this the Atlantic and Mediterranean diets have a lot in common. Furthermore, various studies confirm that diets rich in plant foods and low in processed foods are associated with a lower risk of chronic diseases.

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While it is true that both diets emphasize fresh ingredients, such as fruit, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and olive oil, the Atlantic diet differs slightly from the Mediterranean, which is more oriented towards a plant-based diet, given that it shows a greater contribution of red meats.

Leave the old Mediterranean diet for the Atlantic one? Before thinking about it, it should be taken into account that the Mediterranean diet boasts a more solid base of scientific research, in particular regarding the reduction of cardiovascular risk. And then science confirms that it makes more sense to follow a diet suited to the climate in which you live. And the typical foods of the Mediterranean diet in our latitudes could provide greater benefits in terms of health.


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