Home » The world’s first demise from the H5N2 fowl flu virus – an important details

The world’s first demise from the H5N2 fowl flu virus – an important details

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The world’s first demise from the H5N2 fowl flu virus – an important details

The World Health Organization (WHO) has reported the primary demise on this planet of an individual contaminated with the avian influenza virus A (H5N2) confirmed in a laboratory. The case was reported in Mexico, studies WHO Wednesday night. Several laboratory analyzes confirmed the kind of virus.

A 59-year-old man dies after contracting fowl flu subtype H5N2

The case was the primary fowl flu demise in Mexico. The 59-year-old suspect had many different sicknesses. Due to excessive fever, shortness of breath, diarrhea, nausea and constipation, he lastly went to the hospital and died there on April 24.

It will not be recognized how the person grew to become contaminated. WHO additionally reported that the invention of this virus in chickens was reported in Mexico. In March, an outbreak of A(H5N2) was found in a yard hen farm within the state of Michoacán – bordering the state of México, the place an individual with the virus lived. However, up to now there isn’t a proof that people had been uncovered to contaminated chickens or different birds.

The case from Mexico is new. Deaths up to now following an infection with avian influenza viruses have been A (H5N1). The two most essential proteins within the envelope of the influenza virus are abbreviated as H (hemagglutinin) and N (neuraminidase) – there are totally different variations numbered respectively. I Robert Koch Institute (RKI) sums it up underneath fowl flu.

Bird flu – an infection

According to the RKI, fowl flu primarily refers to sickness brought on by influenza A viruses in birds. In uncommon instances, influenza A viruses could cause sickness in individuals. This is then referred to as zoonotic flu or “fowl flu”.

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Infection happens via “shut contact with contaminated, sick or lifeless chickens or in an space contaminated with hen faeces”. According to the RKI, human-to-human transmission has up to now been reported in only some instances. Bird flu viruses don’t adapt properly to people.

So far, no fowl flu infections in people have been reported in Germany.

Bird flu – signs

According to the RKI, the incubation interval – the time from an infection to the primary signs – is one to 5 days. Common signs embrace:

  • fever,
  • cough,
  • shortness of breath,
  • nausea,
  • cleansing as soon as
  • Diarrhea.

Classic flu signs akin to a sore throat, headache and muscle aches may additionally happen.

According to the RKI, when an individual is contaminated with the fowl flu virus, the decrease respiratory tract is commonly affected as a result of that’s the place the receptors for the virus are discovered. In these instances, mortality is comparatively excessive, starting from 20 to 60 p.c, relying on the subtype and pressure.

Bird flu – therapy

This makes early therapy crucial, if attainable inside the first 48 hours. As with the frequent chilly, antibiotics akin to neuraminidase inhibitors can be found.

Bird flu – prevention

In common, you shouldn’t contact sick or lifeless (wild) birds or (wild) animals. If contact can’t be averted, for instance for technical causes, protecting measures have to be taken (see RKI suggestions ).

Currently there’s a danger of an infection particularly while you dwell in China, Indonesia or Egypt, particularly while you go to poultry markets. Before visiting nations with an elevated danger of an infection, directions from the Federal Foreign Office have to be adopted.

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Influenza A (H5N1) vaccines are additionally permitted in Germany. However, there may be at the moment no advice from the Standing Vaccination Commission (Stiko).

The WHO assesses the danger as “low”.

From 2003 to May 2024, a complete of 463 deaths from avian influenza viruses reported to WHO from 23 nations had been all the time A (H5N1). Avian influenza virus infections have to be reported, together with in Germany. In many nations, nonetheless, not all deaths with signs akin to fowl flu are investigated or laboratory capability is inadequate to determine the pathogens. Therefore the variety of unreported instances could also be increased.

The WHO reiterated its name for all nations to watch and examine the cluster of illnesses. “Based on accessible data, WHO assesses the danger to the final inhabitants from this virus to be low,” WHO mentioned.

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