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What are the most widespread fake news? |

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What are the most widespread fake news?  |

There are many fake news about gastroesophageal refluxdespite being one very widespread disease. In fact, one Italian out of every four suffers from it. Of these, at least 20% have symptoms at least once a week.

Fake news on gastroesophageal reflux: many foods targeted

Hoaxes focus primarily on foods that can be eaten. They are mainly in the sights of Italian experts the so-called trigger foods, i.e. those foods that could trigger the symptoms. So no citrus fruits or tomatoes, no coffee, chocolate, mint, onion or garlic.

Recently theAmerican College of Gastroenterology has updated its guidelinesexplaining that there is no scientific evidence that these foods are truly harmful. According to American experts, each person must understand which foods are harmful to themselves and eliminate only those.

What are the “real” risk factors?

Gastroenterologists point out that the real risk factors for this disease are:

severe overweight and obesity,
cigarette smoke,

Also reduce animal proteins, whether red or white, can help prevent symptoms from appearing. But if we find ourselves overweight the correct therapy is to lose at least 10% of your body weight in six months.

How to proceed with the diagnosis?

Then there is the question of the correct diagnosis. According to the guidelines, those who have:

heartburn, regurgitation, chest pain, after it has been ruled out that it is due to heart problems.

The correct therapies

The therapy to follow is the one based on proton pump inhibitor drugs for 4-8 weeks. It must then be stopped to prevent the benefits from outweighing any harm.

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If the reflux returns, you cannot simply repeat the therapy already followed. A visit to a gastroenterologist is needed who will most likely decide to perform an upper digestive endoscopy, which can only be performed after suspending proton pump inhibitor drugs for at least 3-4 weeks.

In case of continuous relapses, the surgical option plays an important role. You choose to intervene when the reflux causes chronic coughasthma, recurrent bronchitis, bad breath, sinusitis, ear infections, dental erosions, cardiac arrhythmias.

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