[New Tang Dynasty News November 24, 2021, Beijing time]Winter is a period of cardiovascular disease. Cold weather may cause myocardial infarction, stroke, and even sudden death. The cardiologist reminded that there are 3 kinds of symptoms that should not be ignored.
Cold weather is prone to cardiovascular disease, sudden death, pay attention to 3 symptoms
Chen Guanren, the attending physician of the Department of Cardiology at Shin Kong Hospital, pointed out that the incidence of cardiovascular disease will increase in winter, mainly due to two reasons:
Vasoconstriction: Low temperature easily increases the probability of vasoconstriction and makes blood vessels thinner. People who have problems with their blood vessels are more likely to get sick.
40% to 50% of patients whose blood vessels have been blocked will not feel abnormal. However, when the temperature drops and the blood vessels are constricted and the blood vessels become less open, they will feel that the body is not right.
Sympathetic nerve activation: Autonomic nerves can be divided into sympathetic nerves and parasympathetic nerves. The sympathetic nerves are responsible for accelerating the heartbeat and raising blood pressure. In order to fight against the cold weather, the sympathetic nerves are activated to make the heart beat faster and blood pressure to increase, so that the body does not lose temperature easily.
Such physical changes have a short-term protective effect, but Chen Guanren emphasized that if the situation persists, the cardiovascular system will become unstable. For people with blood vessel problems, the rapid heartbeat will aggravate heart discomfort. In severe cases, it may even cause plaque in the blood vessels to peel off, leading to aortic peeling and myocardial infarction.
Therefore, when the temperature drops, pay attention to 3 symptoms that may be related to cardiovascular disease:
1. Sudden chest pain. It may be chest pain or chest tightness, and the chest seems to be pressed by a stone.
2. Breathing. It is easy to breathe after some activities, but it is not usually the case. For example, a person who could not breathe when climbing a flight of stairs, suddenly began to become breathless and unable to breathe smoothly.
3. Palpitations. The heartbeat becomes fast or irregular. Many patients can feel their heartbeat, but this is not the case under normal circumstances.
These are common symptoms. If one of them occurs, it means that the cardiovascular system has changed. It is recommended to go to the hospital for an in-depth examination as soon as possible.
4 ways to prevent sudden death and keep warm is very important
Once cardiovascular disease occurs, it is easy to be life-threatening, and it can be avoided by usual prevention.
1. Take medicine on time and add medicine when necessary
Patients with three advanced diseases should take the medicine regularly and can’t stop using it without authorization. Chen Guanren reminded that blood pressure and heart rate will rise in winter, and his outpatient clinic has many such patients. It is recommended to discuss the condition with the doctor and add medicine to control it if necessary.
For patients without chronic diseases, if they have chest tightness, wheezing, palpitations or headaches in winter, it is recommended to have a fixed blood pressure and heartbeat at home to check whether their blood pressure is too high. If you continue to feel uncomfortable, you should go to the hospital for further examination.
2. Pay attention to the temperature difference and keep warm
Among all preventive measures, “keeping warm is the most important,” Chen Guanren emphasized.
When going out, warm clothing should be worn intact. The elderly recommend wearing a woolen cap. Pay attention to the temperature difference, such as walking between indoors and outdoors, or when you get up and leave the bed in the morning, take measures to keep warm.
“We often encounter patients who get sick while walking indoors and outdoors,” he said. Especially people who have just finished eating spicy hot pot, mutton stove and other hot pots, go outside to keep warm.
When people eat hot food, it will promote the expansion of the circulation in the body, causing the heartbeat to accelerate and blood pressure to rise. For example, when you walk out of the store after a meal, when a cold wind blows, it will cause blood vessels to constrict and your heartbeat and blood pressure will rise; if it reaches a certain level, the person will fall. Many patients in Chen Guanren’s clinic have had severe chest pains, palpitations or headaches just after going out after eating hot pot in winter.
In addition, keep warm after exercise. You can bring more jackets. It is recommended to wear a jacket with a hat or a hooded T-shirt to keep your head warm. During exercise, you can take off your clothes when you feel hot, but when the exercise is over, you must wipe off your sweat and put on your coat.
Chen Guanren shared his own practice. When he went to play, he would bring a windproof jacket to avoid catching the cold when he left the indoor gymnasium.
3. Drink water
In winter and summer, there will be patients suffering from cardiovascular disease due to insufficient body water. In summer, sweating causes dehydration, and in winter, it is easy to ignore drinking water. When there is insufficient water in the body, the blood becomes thick and may cause myocardial infarction.
In principle, adults should drink 2000 to 2500 milliliters of water a day, and it is better to drink warm water in winter.
4. Pay attention to your usual health, and don’t be patient when you’re uncomfortable
When the weather gets cold, people who usually have cardiovascular problems are prone to cardiovascular disease and even sudden death.
For example, Chen Guanren once had a male patient in his 50s and 60s who worked in a traditional market and got up at 3 or 4 in the morning every day. One day, the patient felt a little uncomfortable after getting up, and he fell to the ground immediately after telling his family that he was abnormal. Although the family members rushed to the hospital immediately, the patient stopped breathing and heartbeat before arriving at the hospital, and was not rescued after the first aid.
The reason was that the patient’s blood vessel condition was already very poor. It was relatively cold in the early morning of the onset of the disease, and the blood vessel was blocked in a dangerous position, which caused him to instantly fall to the ground.
Unhealthy cardiovascular disease is a long-term cause, and there may be symptoms at ordinary times, but some people don’t care too much and feel that it’s okay to take a break. Chen Guanren reminded that if you feel pain in your chest, don’t be patient, and don’t delay treatment if you have three highs (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia) to avoid regrets.
In a chaotic world, if you have a healthy way, look at health 1+1!
(Reposted from The Epoch Times/Editor in Charge: Li Xiaomei)
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