Source: Beijing Daily
Original title: A year-on-year increase of 17%, the import and export of the countries jointly building the “Belt and Road” boomed, and the import and export of Beijing in the first quarter “opened steadily”
According to customs statistics, the total import and export value of Beijing in the first quarter was 799.16 billion yuan, an increase of 17% over the same period in 2021, and 6.3 percentage points higher than the national growth rate in the same period. Among them, imports were 677.05 billion yuan, an increase of 22.3%; exports were 122.11 billion yuan, a decrease of 5.9%.
The rise in the prices of primary products is the main factor driving the growth of imports. The person in charge of Beijing Customs said that based on the economic characteristics of the headquarters in Beijing, a large amount of domestic import demand is purchased through the headquarters of related companies in Beijing, and this process has led to the expansion of the regional import scale.
It is reported that due to the recent increase in the prices of international primary products, the average import prices of crude oil, liquefied natural gas, coal and lignite in Beijing have risen by 50.5%, 99.3% and 121.4% respectively, driving the import value to increase by 43.6%, 76% and 97.3%. The total value of imports accounted for 51.6% of the total regional import value in the same period, and the impact on the growth of regional total import value was as high as 92.3%, which was the dominant factor in the growth of regional imports.
As an international science and technology innovation center and the first “city of double Olympics”, the high-tech industry in Beijing is developing well. In the first quarter, Beijing imported 4.13 billion yuan of machinery and equipment for manufacturing semiconductor devices or integrated circuits, an increase of 564.5%; automatic data processing equipment and its parts and components were 1.92 billion yuan, an increase of 19%. At the same time, driven by the expansion of the demand for manufacturing equipment, the production capacity of high-tech products such as computer and communication technology has expanded, and the export scale has increased accordingly. Among them, the export of central processing components is 1.84 billion yuan, an increase of 807.9%; tablet computers are 210 million yuan, an increase of 77.5 times. ; Integrated circuits were 5.55 billion yuan, an increase of 41.3%.
Trade with countries jointly building the “Belt and Road” accounts for half of the region’s imports and exports. In the first quarter, Beijing’s imports and exports to countries jointly building the “Belt and Road” reached 431.49 billion yuan, an increase of 23.9%, which was 6.9 percentage points higher than the overall regional growth rate, accounting for 54% of the region’s total import and export value during the same period.
Why is Beijing’s imports and exports to countries jointly building the “Belt and Road” booming? This is evident from a small jar of exported honey. Beijing Century Jingchun Bee Products Company mainly exports bee pollen to Mexico and royal jelly to Malaysia. In the past 4 years, the export volume of this company’s bee products has soared from the initial 0.18 tons with a value of 5,000 US dollars to more than 130 tons with a value of nearly 600,000 US dollars. Today, Beijing Century Jingchun Bee Products Co., Ltd. has 20,000 groups of bees that meet export conditions and more than 100 cooperative farmers.
“Our company can grow into a large scale without the high-quality service and advanced guidance of the customs.” Yang Lihe, the person in charge of the company, said that bee products are special in export supervision. Before exporting business, exporters need to timely check the raw materials Farm record. “During the operation period, the customs conducted a detailed on-site inspection of our production workshop, laboratory construction, and personnel qualification management, which helped us find problems in time and put forward rectification suggestions. At the same time, it also helped us complete the record of bee farms, Opened the channel for export business.”
It is reported that Beijing Customs closely follows the characteristics of the capital, and has promoted the special action of cross-border trade facilitation for five consecutive years. A total of 124 reform measures have been introduced, and remarkable results have been achieved in “simple certification, optimized procedures, improved timeliness, and reduced costs”. Especially since 2022, Beijing Customs has benchmarked against the World Bank’s new business environment (BEE) evaluation system, deeply connected with the construction of the national business environment innovation pilot city, and Beijing’s version 5.0 reform of optimizing the business environment, striving to achieve full coverage of the freight information platform , The customs clearance logistics data is fully opened, the port service is upgraded, and the customs clearance time is compressed again.
According to statistics, from January to March 2022, the overall customs clearance time for the import and export of Beijing Customs Area is 28.94 hours and 0.78 hours respectively, which are respectively 73.14% and 89.44% lower than that in 2017, which are the best levels in history. (Yuan Lu)