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Amnesty International assures that impunity for crimes against humanity persists in Nicaragua

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In Nicaragua governed by the Sandinista Daniel Ortega since 2007, impunity persists for crimes against humanity committed by the Nicaraguan State since April 2018, according to the annual report of the NGO Amnesty International (AI).

In its report, AI explained that the Group of Human Rights Experts on Nicaragua (Ghren), created by the UN, concluded last March that it had reasonable grounds to believe that authorities at the highest level, including President Ortega and his wife , Vice President Rosario Murillo, had been participating since April 2018 in human rights violations and acts that constituted crimes against humanity.

He highlighted that Ghren recommended that the international community investigate the human rights violations committed in Nicaragua and support civil society.

Meanwhile, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCNUDH), the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and the European Union asked the Ortega Government to investigate human rights violations and guarantee justice, I note.

“At the end of the year (2023), however, no investigation had been undertaken and the crimes remained unpunished,” AI warned.

On the contrary, he warned, the Sandinista Executive had continued to apply its repressive tactics, which made it almost impossible to defend human rights in that country.

Human rights violations have persisted since 2018

AI indicated that the political crisis that Nicaragua has been experiencing since April 2018 has been characterized by serious violations of human rights, such as the deprivation of Nicaraguan nationality to members of the political opposition, and the arbitrary detention of human rights defenders. religious leaders and members of indigenous leaders.

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That NGO recalled that since the beginning of the political crisis in 2018, there has been violent state repression against dissent.

“The brutality of the repression had caused at least 355 documented deaths, injuries to more than 2,000 people, a wave of arbitrary arrests and unjustified dismissals, and the expulsion and arbitrary deprivation of nationality of more than 300 people,” he noted.

On February 9, 2023, the government unexpectedly released and expelled 222 people from the political opposition who had been arbitrarily detained between 2018 and 2021, and most of them were accused of crimes of treason and terrorism formulated in judicial processes lacking the due guarantees, and subsequently deprived them of their nationality, he noted.

The government also began the process of confiscating the assets of these people, without due process, and left many of them in a situation of economic vulnerability, AI denounced.

He stressed that the IACHR described the deprivation of nationality and the confiscation of assets as serious violations of human rights, and that it demanded the government to allow their voluntary and safe return to the country, put an end to these practices and restore the rights of the affected people. .

The situation in Nicaragua is one of the most serious cases

Furthermore, he highlighted that the IACHR described the situation in Nicaragua as one of the most serious cases of closure of civic space in the region, through the cancellation of legal status and the forced dissolution of more than 3,000 civil society organizations on a massive scale. .

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During 2023, authorities closed the Central American University, which they accused of being a center of terrorism, and confiscated the assets of organizations such as the Red Cross and the Central American Institute of Business Administration (INCAE).

For their part, indigenous peoples continued to be subject to serious human rights violations, despite international condemnation, according to the report.

AI said arbitrary detentions and unfair trials of indigenous leaders were reported, along with lethal attacks by armed groups, and that impunity also persisted with that community and the government failed to investigate or redress abuses committed.

The entry Amnesty International assures that impunity for crimes against humanity persists in Nicaragua was first published in EL NACIONAL.

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