Home » Biographical notes of Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez – DIARIO CRONICA

Biographical notes of Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez – DIARIO CRONICA

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Biographical notes of Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez – DIARIO CRONICA

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Monsignor Oscar Arnulfo Romero y Galdámez was born in Ciudad Barrios (San Miguel), on August 15, 1917. His father, Santos, was a postal worker and telegrapher and his mother, Guadalupe de Jesús, took care of household chores. His brothers Gaspar, Tiberio, Arnoldo, Rómulo, Gustavo, Mamerto, Aninta and Zaída.

In 1931, he arrived at the Minor Seminary of San Miguel. In 1937, he entered the Major Seminary of San José de la Montaña in San Salvador. Seven months later he is sent to Rome to continue his studies in Theology. He was ordained a priest on April 4, 1942.

His work as a priest began in the parish of Anamorós, moving shortly after to San Miguel, where for 20 years he carried out pastoral work: he promoted apostolic movements such as the Legion of Mary, the Knights of Christ or the Cursillos of Christianity; He develops social works such as “Alcoholics Anonymous” or Cáritas; promotes the construction of the Cathedral of San Miguel and favors devotion to the Virgin of Peace.

In 1966, Monsignor was elected secretary of the Episcopal Conference of El Salvador. Thus begins a more intense public activity that coincides with a period of extensive development of popular movements. He was appointed bishop of the Diocese of Santiago de María in 1974. In June 1975, the Tres Calles events occurred: the National Guard murdered 5 farmers. Monsignor Romero is going to console the families of the victims and celebrate mass.

The appointment of Monsignor Romero as archbishop of San Salvador, on February 23, 1977, is a negative surprise for the renewal sector and a joy for the government and power groups. However, an event that occurred just a few weeks later made Romero’s future line of action clear: on March 12, Jesuit Father Rutilio Grande, a progressive man who collaborated in the creation of self-help and good peasant groups, was murdered. friend of Monsignor.

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Óscar Romero’s position, increasingly “dangerously” committed to the people, begins to be known and valued in the international context: on February 14, 1978, he was named Honorary Doctor by Georgetown University (USA); In 1979 he was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize and in February 1980 he was awarded an Honorary Doctorate by the University of Leuven (Belgium).

Indeed, in 1980 El Salvador was experiencing a violent period in which the government was one of the most responsible. The Church estimates that, that year, more than 900 civilians were murdered by security forces, armed units or paramilitary groups under military control. The government acted with the terrorist group ORDEN and the death squads.

The fence closes. Finally, on March 24, 1980, Óscar A. Romero was murdered by a sniper while celebrating mass in the Chapel of La Providencia hospital.

The funeral, held on March 30, 1980, became a pitched battle in which the security forces attacked thousands of Salvadorans gathered in the cathedral square. The result: more than 40 dead and two hundred injured.

The new saint Óscar Romero was officially declared a martyr by Pope Francis in February 2015 and was canonized as a saint in October 2018.

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