Original title: China‘s civil aviation draws a blueprint for the “14th Five-Year Plan” by 2025 to open more than 70 countries and regions
On January 7, the Civil Aviation Administration of China held the “14th Five-Year Plan for Civil Aviation Development Plan” (hereinafter referred to as the “Planning”) special conference. A new blueprint has been drawn: it is estimated that by 2025 the number of civil airports will reach 770, of which the number of civil transportation airports will reach more than 270; the total transportation turnover will reach 175 billion ton-kilometers, the passenger transportation volume will be 930 million passengers, and the cargo and mail transportation volume will be 950. 10,000 tons, the city’s prefecture-level administrative center takes 60 minutes to reach the transportation airport coverage rate of 80%, more than 70 countries and regions are served, and the hub airport rail access rate reaches 80%. Only one security check is required to transfer transportation.
However, in view of the huge impact of the epidemic on the actual development of the civil aviation market, Han Jun, Director of the Development Planning Department of the Civil Aviation Administration, also stated that the “Plan” divides the “14th Five-Year Plan” into two development stages, a 2-year recovery period and a 3-year growth period. , To distinguish the focus of development goals, in order to improve the guidance and accuracy of planning. This is a relatively rare arrangement in previous plans.
The five-year plan was reached in two phases
Recently, the Civil Aviation Administration of China, the National Development and Reform Commission, and the Ministry of Transport jointly issued the “Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for Civil Aviation Development”, which fully embarked on a new journey of building a powerful country in civil aviation in many fields. The special meeting on January 7 is to explain this report in detail.
Han Jun introduced that the plan puts forward six new development goals for 2025 from a qualitative perspective, including: a new level of aviation safety, a new improvement in comprehensive support capabilities, a new level of aviation service capabilities, and a new level of innovation-driven development. Breakthroughs, green civil aviation construction presents a new situation, and industry governance capabilities have achieved new results. On this basis, it plans to coordinate the quantity and quality of development of the industry, in accordance with the combination of stability and innovation, and proposes to reflect the traction and development from the six aspects of industry scale, guarantee capability, safety level, convenience and efficiency, innovative wisdom, and green development. 22 leading indicators and targets. Among them, the two aspects of industry scale and guarantee capabilities focus on quantitative indicators, and safety level, convenience and efficiency, innovation and wisdom, and green development focus on quality indicators to highlight the requirements for high-quality development.
He specifically pointed out that the comprehensive analysis of historical growth, industry resources and demand forecasts, especially considering the particularity of the development stage during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, the plan divides the “14th Five-Year Plan” into two-year recovery period and three-year growth period. In the development stage, distinguish the focus of development goals in order to improve the guidance and accuracy of planning. Last year and this year belonged to the period of civil aviation recovery, and 2023-2025 was the period of growth. It is estimated that by 2025, the number of civil transportation airports will reach more than 270, ensuring 17 million take-offs and landings, the total transportation turnover will reach 175 billion ton-kilometers, the passenger transportation volume will be 930 million passengers, and the cargo and mail transportation volume will be 9.5 million tons.
Han Jun also pointed out that compared with the past, the “Planning” has an innovative approach. The “Plan” focuses on the main goals and key tasks, adheres to the result-oriented approach, focuses on the blocking points, pain points and difficulties in the development of the industry, and focuses on the areas where the problem is highly targeted, the overall drive is wide, and the passengers have the most direct experience, and set up a capacity tapping improvement project , Air Transportation Convenience Project, Civil Aviation Green and Low-Carbon Project, Scientific and Technological Innovation Leading Project, Talent Strengthening Project, Industrial Coordination Demonstration Project, and other six key projects, as the “project list” and “policy package” during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period.
The future of the new civil aviation is both green and smart
In the entire “14th Five-Year Plan” of civil aviation, what is particularly worthy of attention is how civil aviation achieves its low-carbon goals. After all, the civil aviation industry is a major carbon emitter. Bao Yi, deputy director of the Development Planning Department of the Civil Aviation Administration, revealed that the “Plan” has set up a special chapter on green development for the first time, proposing two indicators of carbon dioxide emissions per ton-kilometer of transportation aviation and energy consumption per passenger at the airport. Reduced to 0.886 kg and 0.853 kg of standard coal. It also specifically proposed the “Civil Aviation Green and Low-Carbon Project”, focusing on strengthening technological innovation capabilities and optimizing and improving green development policies, accelerating the construction of carbon market mechanisms, green standards, key technology research and green benchmarking, and continuing to promote the green development of civil aviation. progress.
A green future requires smart civil aviation to ensure high-quality development. Therefore, the “Plan” added the goals of convenience, efficiency, innovation and wisdom, and green development in the indicator design, many of which involve the effectiveness of smart civil aviation construction. For example, the full-process paperless capability of tens of millions of airport passengers and the full-process baggage tracking service level that reflect smart travel are expected to reach 100% and 90% respectively by 2025; the electronic freight document rate that reflects smart logistics reaches 80% ; The approaching bridge rate of airports above tens of millions of levels, which reflects intelligent operation, reaches 80%. In addition, the localization rate of new major equipment in the air traffic control system and the proportion of major enterprises’ R&D investment in science and technology are also included in the plan as indicators of innovation and wisdom, and are expected to reach 80% and 1% respectively by 2025.
Bao Yi revealed that in order to better guide the construction of smart civil aviation and implement the requirements of the “14th Five-Year Plan”, the Civil Aviation Administration recently organized and convened the second meeting of the Smart Civil Aviation Construction Leading Group and reviewed and approved the “Roadmap for Smart Civil Aviation Construction.” The “Roadmap” will follow the idea of ”system development guidance, domain-specific module construction”, with smart travel, smart air traffic control, smart airport and smart supervision as the four core grasps, and strengthen reform and innovation, technological innovation, and infrastructure guarantee. Great support, promote the coordinated development of smart air transportation and industry, and shape a new future for the civil aviation industry with wisdom. The specific content will be announced in the near future.
Air China Cargo’s market share target exceeds 40%
Another focus of the “Plan” is the construction of the air transportation network. Zhang Qing introduced that the “Planning” proposed the “5355” planning system, which is to achieve the five goals of leading scale, wide coverage, unobstructed access, convenience and efficiency, and strong guarantees, and build a complete domestic air transportation network, international air transportation channels, and aviation The three major systems of hub functions, focusing on the implementation of five major projects such as “mainstream and branch connections, full network connection”, basic aviation services, “air silk road”, enhancement of international air cargo capacity, and enhancement of international aviation hubs, implement 5 sets of related policies for The building of a powerful civil aviation nation in the new era provides strong support.
The “Plan” combines the national comprehensive airport system and proposes measures to build three domestic networks and promote two major projects. The three networks are to build a strong backbone network, build an inclusive and balanced basic network, and optimize the domestic air cargo network; the two major projects are to fully promote the “main-stream and full-network” project and continue to implement the basic aviation service project.
Regarding the smooth flow of international air transportation, the two major projects are to promote the construction of the “Air Silk Road” and the enhancement of international air cargo capacity. It is estimated that by 2025, there will be more than 70 countries with general aviation, of which more than 50 countries have jointly built the “Belt and Road” initiative by General Aviation; Chinese aviation companies account for more than 40% of my country’s international cargo market.
The aviation hub is an important support for the construction of the air transportation network. Zhang Qing pointed out that the “Plan” clarified that the international aviation hub should focus on enhancing the functions of intercontinental connections, international transit, and radiation areas based on functional positioning and location advantages; the international air cargo hub should focus on enhancing the functions of a comprehensive international air cargo hub, and the layout and construction of Ezhou Other professional cargo hubs; regional aviation hubs focus on enhancing the radiating and leading role of feeder airports, promoting the construction of an air transportation service network of “main-to-branch, full-networking” and supporting the construction of international air transportation channels for specific regions. At the same time, promote the in-depth integration of airports and various transportation modes, form a group of modern comprehensive transportation hubs with airports as the core, and achieve the planned goal of reaching 80% of the hub airport rail access rate.
(Author: Gao Jianghong, Editor: Zhang Xing)