In 2021, in the face of the superimposed effects of epidemic prevention and control, operating losses, and safety pressures, my country’s civil aviation industry has shown strong tenacity. The transportation volume was 85.7 billion ton-kilometers, 440 million passengers, and 7.32 million tons, up 7.3%, 5.5% and 8.2% year-on-year respectively.
At the press conference on the annual work of China‘s civil aviation held recently, Feng Zhenglin, secretary of the party group and director of the Civil Aviation Administration of China, said that 2022 is a key year for the development of civil aviation during the “14th Five-Year Plan”. It is expected to turn losses into profits and resume development as a whole.
long-term positive trend
Since the beginning of this year, the new crown pneumonia epidemic has shown a trend of multi-point distribution. During the Spring Festival travel period, various regions have adopted classified prevention and control policies, which will have a certain impact on the civil aviation passenger transport market. In this regard, Qi Xianfeng, director of the Statistical Analysis Center of the Civil Aviation Administration of the China Academy of Civil Aviation Science and Technology, believes that the first quarter of civil aviation passenger transport was in a downturn due to the impact of the epidemic, and it is expected to be only about 65% of the same period in 2019. Travel demand may rebound, and the air passenger market is expected to heat up rapidly. The passenger market in the second and third quarters is expected to recover to more than 85% of the same period in 2019. Under the comprehensive and effective control of the domestic epidemic situation, the fourth quarter will continue to maintain stable development, and the civil aviation industry will show a trend of “low before and high” throughout the year.
“The fundamentals of the sustainable development of civil aviation are stable, excellent, and have strong resilience.” Qi Xianfeng believes that under the premise of stable economic growth, the long-term positive trend of the civil aviation industry will not change.
Lin Zhijie, an expert from China‘s new civil aviation think tank, said that in 2021, passenger traffic will recover to 67% of that in 2019, an increase of 4 percentage points from 2020. Freight and mail traffic recovered to 97% of 2019 levels, an increase of 7 percentage points from 2020. In terms of capacity growth, the industry will see a net increase of 85 aircraft in 2020, and a net increase of 151 aircraft in 2021. In 2021, airlines will reduce losses by about 15 billion yuan.
Qi Qi, associate professor of Guangzhou Civil Aviation Vocational and Technical College, said that in 2022, domestic civil aviation passenger traffic will increase with the increase in domestic vaccination rates, and the epidemic prevention and control measures in various places will become more scientific. Recovery, domestic passenger traffic is expected to return to pre-pandemic levels in 2023 or 2024.
Help airlines turn losses and increase profits
Relevant departments have actively introduced several rounds of policies to help aviation companies. Zhang Qing, deputy director of the Development Planning Department of the Civil Aviation Administration, said that in 2020 and 2021, the industry will reduce costs by nearly 20 billion yuan. In 2022, the Civil Aviation Administration will continue to intensify its bailout efforts, coordinate internal and external resources in the industry, and strive for the state’s support and bailout policy for the civil aviation industry that combines phased and institutional support.
The Civil Aviation Administration of China encourages aviation companies to work hard to improve their business management, reduce costs, and improve efficiency, adjust market strategies according to market changes, deepen market segmentation, further deepen the reform of civil aviation pricing, encourage aviation companies to implement differentiated service pricing strategies, and encourage airports Increase non-aviation revenue through business innovation.
Qi Qi believes that continuing to bail out aviation companies through multi-dimensional and precise means such as financial support, tax reduction and exemption, and financial credit is a “smart plan” to stabilize the supply of the industry.
Li Yanhua, director of the Civil Aviation Department of the School of Transportation, Beijing Jiaotong University, believes that the epidemic prevention policy will be more scientific and precise, and aviation companies can identify passengers with rigid needs, optimize the extensive management of large-scale discounts due to the impact of the epidemic, and meet different passengers through refined differentiated pricing. travel needs.
Continuously improving the quality of civil aviation services is a driving force for aviation companies to increase consumer stickiness and turn losses into profits. At present, 29 airports across the country have achieved one-pass ID card, 66 airports have applied face recognition technology, 234 airports have achieved “paperless” convenient travel, ticket refund procedures can be completed within 7 working days, and through flights are covered. The scope was further expanded, the scope of the whole process of luggage tracking was further expanded, 40 large-scale airports with the level of 10 million yuan opened the passenger “easy security check” service, 842 passenger aircraft were equipped with in-cabin wireless network service capabilities, and 29 airlines launched customized meal services.
The airline has also launched many new products, such as the “surprise flight” product launched by Hainan Airlines. Tickets that have not been redeemed during the product use period can be refunded without charge. Experts said that products like “Surprise Flight” are a good start for airlines to continuously explore and innovate “last-minute” products based on the analysis of user needs, which will help improve the sales ability of the tail cabin. For the aviation industry, which is struggling to find a recovery, it has lessons.
Deeply tap the market development potential
Digging deep into the aviation market potential is one of the key tasks of the civil aviation industry in 2022. “Strive to complete the total transportation turnover of 104 billion ton-kilometers in 2022, the passenger transportation volume of 570 million person-times, and the cargo and mail transportation volume of 7.8 million tons.” said Sun Wensheng, deputy director of the General Department of the Civil Aviation Administration.
Qi Qi believes that from the perspective of the “14th Five-Year Plan” of civil aviation, 2022 is a period of recovery and accumulation, digging deep into the market of second-, third- and fourth-tier cities, focusing on the new aviation population, and the civil aviation industry will actively sink into the market to increase participation in the domestic cycle. , will be the focus of expanding the civil aviation market demand. Air express lines, red routes, low-cost airlines, trunk and branch flights, and basic aviation services are all differentiated market segments worthy of deep cultivation.
This year, the civil aviation industry will continue to make good use of subsidy policies for small and medium-sized airports, regional aviation, and general aviation. Xu Qing, deputy director of the Transportation Department of the Civil Aviation Administration, said that in order to enhance the momentum of the industry’s recovery, the Civil Aviation Administration will innovate the service model of “connecting branches and branches, and connecting the whole network”. Platform, optimize resource allocation, improve support capabilities, gradually integrate short-haul general aviation transportation into the transportation network, achieve universal access to transportation airports and general airports, comprehensively promote the implementation of transit facilitation and through flight services, and effectively meet air travel in small and medium-sized cities and remote areas. need.
In order to strongly support the construction of an air transport network of “trunk and branch connections, the whole network”, the Civil Aviation Administration of China has actively promoted the development and application of the transfer information platform, and developed two public welfare services, the “domestic through flight service management platform” and the “transfer passenger service platform”. Sexual open platform. In addition, improving infrastructure construction is the basis for ensuring the stable and efficient development of the civil aviation industry. This year, the Civil Aviation Administration will increase the strength of infrastructure to make up for shortcomings, and speed up the implementation of the construction plan for civil transport airports, and strive to issue certification for 256 transport airports by the end of 2022.
Zou Jianjun, a professor at the Civil Aviation Management Institute of China, believes that with the official entry into force of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), under the background of changes driven by the epidemic, the layout of my country’s industrial chain and supply chain in the RCEP region will be accelerated, and the regional layout of the supply chain will be accelerated. The rapid development of air transport market demand brings opportunities to the domestic air transport market.
It is reported that this year the civil aviation industry will adhere to the high-level air rights opening policy, expand the reserve of air rights resources, improve the rules for the allocation of air rights for international passengers, and implement more flexible air rights allocation policies for international cargo. Pilot free trade zone civil aviation pilot reform and innovation measures.
Regarding the air cargo market, Xu Qing said that the Civil Aviation Administration will support air cargo companies and upstream and downstream companies to transform from single carriers to logistics integrators, enhance integrated logistics solutions, and create high-quality services, complete chains, complete functions, and competitiveness. A strong aviation logistics company. At the same time, promote the implementation of the “Regulations on the Allocation of Air Rights for International Cargo”, promote air cargo companies to optimize the layout of international airline networks, accelerate the formation of a safe and efficient logistics network with internal and external connectivity, seize the opportunity of global industrial chain and supply chain layout adjustment, and strengthen the civil aviation cargo industry. Develop resilience. (Cui Guoqiang)