Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, October 8th Title: Continued Struggle for National Rejuvenation——Written on the occasion of the 110th anniversary of the Revolution of 1911
Xinhua News Agency reporter
History can often be seen more clearly after time has passed.
“It is urgent to save the people from the fire and water, and to help the people of the building.” The Revolution of 1911 that broke out 110 years ago, with its thrilling power of the times, opened the gate of China’s progress, explored a path for the development and progress of the Chinese nation, and became a standing milestone in the great journey of national rejuvenation.
Over the past 100 years, the vicissitudes of life have transformed the world.
Today’s China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping as the core, and through the continuous struggle of the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country, has achieved its first centennial goal and built a moderately prosperous society on the land of China. This is a historic solution. To solve the problem of absolute poverty, we are vigorously marching towards the second centenary goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way. The Chinese people at home and abroad are seizing historical opportunities, shouldering historical responsibilities, and continuing to struggle to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The tide rises
It is autumn, and the heroic city of Wuhan is picturesque. The streets and lanes exude a busy or calm temperament.
Wandering in the city, look carefully at the street names, Zhongshan Road, Sanmin Road, Shouyi Road, Qiyi Street, Minquan Road… the smoke of history has turned into an indelible mark of this city.
It’s also an autumn day. October 10, 1911.
The crisp shots cut through the sky of Wuchang City.
People at that moment may not have thought that the gunshots of the eighth battalion of the Hubei New Army Project would bury China’s monarchy for more than two thousand years, and write the first stroke for the magnificence of China’s over a hundred years in the future.
In a fierce battle overnight, the revolutionary army occupied the whole city of Wuchang;
Subsequently, all provinces across the country responded;
On the first day of 1912, the Republic of China was established, and the first democratic republic in Asia was born;
On February 12, 1912, the Qing emperor abdicated, and the supreme imperial power that was once impeccable collapsed.
The wind smashes the clouds, destroys and decays.
Looking back at the gunshots that shocked the world in Wuchang City, after more than half a century, one can hear the rumble of the British fleet bombarding the Chinese coastline in the Opium War. The “Heavenly Kingdom” was closed and stagnated, and was far behind the wave of the industrial revolution that was “a hundred years sharper than a thousand years”. Since then, China has fallen into a dark situation of internal and external troubles, and the Chinese people have experienced the deep suffering of broken mountains and rivers and the people’s lack of livelihood.
Where is China going?
People with lofty ideals who love the motherland are struggling for this problem.
The tragedy of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the premature death of the Westernization Movement, the disillusionment of the Reform Movement of 1898, the bankruptcy of the New Deal in the late Qing Dynasty… It is no wonder that Tan Sitong lamented: “There is nothing in the world to meet the sorrows of spring, and we cried together to Cang Ming. Forty million people shed tears, where is the end of the world? Is it Shenzhou?”
The many failures have proved the necessity: “If the axiom is not clear, it will be revealed by the revolution. If the old and the common are present, it will be removed by the revolution.”
It was in this historical tide that the bourgeois revolutionaries stepped onto the stage of history.
Mr. Sun Yat-sen is a great national hero, a great patriot, and a great pioneer of China’s democratic revolution. He raised the banner of opposing feudal autocratic rule, resolutely devoted himself to the cause of democratic revolution, founded the Xingzhonghui, the Tongmenghui, proposed the Three Principles of the People of Nationality, Civil Rights, and People’s Livelihood, actively disseminated revolutionary ideas, extensively united the revolutionary forces, and continuously launched armed uprisings in order to promote democracy. The revolution ran around and screamed.
Under the banner of the revolution, the awakened people of the Chinese nation, with their lives, youth and blood, “shouldered the gate of darkness” and opened the “Awakening of Asia.”
——After the failure of the Anqing Uprising, Xu Xilin, the leader of the “Recovery Army”, was righteous in the courtroom, saying bluntly, “You wait to kill me, cut my heart, both hands and feet are broken, the whole body is broken, both are acceptable, and the students should not be killed innocently. “.
——After the failed uprising was arrested, the heroine Qiu Jin remained unyielding and wrote the desperate poem of “Autumn Wind and Autumn Rain”, and he calmly went to justice.
——Lin Juemin, one of the seventy-two martyrs of Huanghuagang, wrote in his farewell letter to his wife, “Also consider the people of the world, and I am happy to sacrifice the welfare of my body and your body, and seek eternal blessing for the people of the world” Words, go to death generously.
Revolution, revolution! Wake up, wake up!
The dry firewood of the revolution has long been paved nationwide. The gunshot at the head of Wuchang finally ignited the raging fire of the Revolution of 1911.
The raging fire of the Revolution of 1911 overthrew the rule of the Qing Dynasty and ended the monarchy that had ruled China for thousands of years. However, due to the constraints of the historical process and social conditions, the Revolution of 1911 did not change the semi-colonial and semi-feudal social nature of old China, did not change the tragic fate of the Chinese people, and did not complete the historical task of achieving national independence and the liberation of the people.
Even so, as Lenin pointed out, judging the merits of history is not based on the fact that historical activists did not provide what modern times require, but on the basis that they provided something newer than their predecessors.
According to Zhang Haipeng, a member of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, the spirit of the Revolution of 1911 is the spirit of patriotism. Back then, it was precisely because of the poverty and weakness of the country, the distress of the nation, and the suffering of the people that the people with lofty ideals wanted to use the revolution to overthrow the corrupt rule of the Qing dynasty, and uttered the cry of “salvation and survival” and the roar of “rejuvenating China”. It is also under the encouragement of the spirit of patriotism that the Chinese Communists take on the unfinished business of their ancestors and continue to struggle, and a vigorous socialist China can stand in the east of the world.
The Three Gorges Water Control Project on the Yangtze River opened a deep hole for flood discharge (taken on August 19, 2020, UAV photo).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiao Yijiu
“Under the new historical conditions, when we commemorate the Revolution of 1911, we must vigorously promote the spirit of patriotism and unswervingly follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics to protect and build our great country.” Zhang Haipeng said.
Pass the fire, the mission is on your shoulders
No. 24 Wenhua Hutong, Xicheng District, Beijing, is a simple and quiet courtyard house where Li Dazhao spent nearly four years.
The instructor of Li Dazhao’s former residence in Beijing gave an introduction to the students who came to visit (photographed on June 1st).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Chenlin
“Zhao was self-sufficient and accepted the book, that is, he is determined to work hard in the cause of national liberation, to practice what he believes, and to do what he knows…” In the former residence, an immersive drama called “The Fire Stalker” was brought to Li Dazhao. “Iron shoulders the moral and righteous, cleverly handed articles” life.
Through the smoke and dust of history, time is set back to the early years of the Republic of China. Li Dazhao once rejoiced in the achievements of the revolution-the establishment of a republican system. However, the fruits of the revolution soon fell into the hands of the Beiyang warlords headed by Yuan Shikai. Li Dazhao, who was very concerned about the fate of the country, had keenly felt the “hidden worries” in the new republican system. In 1913, he pointedly pointed out in an angry and sad mood: “A republic and a republic, what happiness is in our people!”
Despite the emperor’s abdication, warlords across the country are still fighting endlessly; although the braids on their heads are cut, the “braids in the brain” still remain; the aura of Asia’s first democratic republic can hardly conceal the tragic situation of being bullied and divided by powers…
The advanced elements, who are struggling to save the nation and survive, and to strengthen the country and enrich the people, are asking: Where is the way out for China? Where is the hope of the nation?
The sound of the October Revolution brought Marxism-Leninism to China, like a lightning bolt that pierced the dark night, and brought hope to the suffering old China. More than a year later, the May Fourth Movement opened the iron curtain of old China, awakened the sleeping soul in the dark night, and promoted the widespread spread of Marxism in China.
Spread in heated debate, choose in comparison.
Some members of the Old League, such as Dong Biwu, Lin Boqu, Wu Yuzhang, and activists during the Revolution of 1911, and revolutionaries who were deeply influenced by the Revolution of 1911, such as Li Dazhao and Mao Zedong, turned their attention to Marxism and gradually transformed into communists.
On July 23, 1921, during the heat, the air in Shanghai was damp and hot.
The audience lined up to enter the Great Memorial Hall of the Communist Party of China (photographed on June 12).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Ding Ting
At No. 106, Wangzhi Road, a small building in Shikumen was lit up with star-pointed lights. The National Congress of the Communist Party of China was held here. Since then, the Chinese Communists have stepped onto the stage of history.
Why is the republican system struggling in Chinese society? One of the important reasons is that the Revolution of 1911 did not deeply unleash the revolutionary might hidden in the masses of the people. Only by awakening hundreds of millions of people can the destiny of the Chinese nation be changed.
Recognizing this, the Communists represented by Mao Zedong undertook the historical mission that the Revolution of 1911 failed to complete, committed to “arousing millions of workers and peasants, working together,” and pioneering the revolutionary road of encircling the cities in the countryside and seizing power by armed force.
From the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the War of Resistance Against Japan, and the War of Liberation, the Chinese Communists have achieved transcendence and sublimation in the inheritance of the spirit of the Revolution of 1911, leading the people to win the victory of the new democratic revolution, and fulfilling the dream of countless people with lofty ideals since modern times. National independence and the liberation of the people.
At this moment, the Chinese people, who have experienced hardships and struggles since modern times, usher in the dawn of the Chinese nation’s rebirth from the ashes.
“The Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China was established today!”
At 3 o’clock in the afternoon on October 1, 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong made a solemn declaration to the world in a passionate tone. Sky-shaking cheers surged across Tiananmen Square.
Soong Ching Ling, dressed in a dark cheongsam, stood on the tower, watching the crowd surging in front of her, and watching the portrait of Mr. Sun Yat-sen standing on the square, tears filled her eyes. Eight days later, she told the world about the moment she was in the Tiananmen Gate—
“Years of great struggles and hard deeds appeared before my eyes again. But another thought grabbed my heart. I know that this time I won’t look back, and I won’t go backwards. This time, Sun Yat-sen’s efforts finally It bears fruit, and the fruit looks so beautiful…”
Facts speak louder than words. The Communist Party of China unites and leads the Chinese people, and always strives to fulfill the original mission of seeking happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation for the Chinese nation——
Self-reliance and eagerness have made great achievements in the socialist revolution and construction, and laid the fundamental political prerequisite and institutional foundation for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
Emancipating the mind and forging ahead has created great achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization, and has provided new vigorous institutional guarantees and material conditions for rapid development for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
This is a collection of smiling faces of villagers in Shenshan Village, Jinggangshan City, Jiangxi Province, taken on July 15, 2020 (imposition photos).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Peng Zhaozhi
Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, the Communist Party of China has united and led the Chinese people, self-confident, self-reliant, upright and innovative, mastering great struggles, great projects, great causes, and great dreams, creating new The great achievements of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the era have provided a more complete system guarantee, a more solid material foundation, and a more active spiritual force for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The great leap of strengthening, the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has entered an irreversible historical process.
Forge ahead together, towards revival
On the west bank of the Pearl River Estuary, Cuiheng New District, Zhongshan City, Guangdong Province, the hometown of Mr. Sun Yat-sen.
The East Pylon of Lingdingyang Bridge in the Shenzhen-Zhongshan Passage, which was built by the Second Aviation Administration of China Communications Construction Co., Ltd. (photographed on July 1st).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Liu Dawei
Today, the east and west main towers of the Lingdingyang Bridge in the Shenzhong Passage have been capped. By 2024, after the 24-km-long Shenzhong Corridor is officially opened to traffic, the journey from Shenzhen to Zhongshan will only take 20 minutes.
It’s not just the distance that gets closer. The spiritual power of “dare to be the first in the world” extends far and wide.
“Revitalize China”! In 1894, Mr. Sun Yat-sen called out the strongest voice of the times for the first time in the “Articles of Xingzhonghui”.
More than a hundred years ago, this great pioneer of the democratic revolution conceived a grand blueprint in “Strategies for the Founding of a Nation”.
The EMU is parked on the storage line of the Wuhan EMU depot, ready for maintenance and insulation work (photographed on February 1, 2018).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Xiao Yijiu
Back then, the Australian William Tuaner shook his head at the map of China painted full of railway lines that Mr. Sun Yat-sen took out and said: “This thing, like a puzzle game, is impossible to achieve.”
The vehicle was driving on the section from Muhuang to Fanjingshan of Xiuyin Expressway (taken on August 15th, UAV photo).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Tao Liang
“The ideal of’revitalizing China’ is difficult to achieve under the declining national fortunes, institutional corruption, and endless wars in modern China. Only under the leadership of the Communist Party of China can we find the right path to national rejuvenation.” said Li Jie, president of the Chinese History Association. .
The trial operation of the Fuxing train was running in the territory of Shannan City, Tibet (photographed on June 16).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Jue Guo
“We traveled all over the country and looked at the country’s vitality. Today’s construction achievements in railways, highways, ports, water conservancy, electric power, and aerospace industries have far exceeded Mr. Sun Yat-sen’s imagination at the time.” Mr. Sun Yat-sen’s great-nephew, Sun Bida, is very proud.
A strong country and a happy people are the dreams of the Revolutionaries of 1911.
The Memorial Hall of the Wuchang Uprising of the Revolution of 1911 in Wuchang District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province (taken on September 29, UAV photo).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Cheng Min
It is adjacent to the Yellow Crane Tower in the west, Snake Mountain in the north, and Shouyi Square in the south. Located in Wuhan, the Wuchang Uprising Memorial Hall of the Revolution of 1911 was once the capital of the E Army of the Republic of China military government. Today, it has become a landmark for the people to understand the history of the Revolution of 1911.
On September 30, the “Historical Exhibition of Pictures of the First Uprising Figures of Xinhai” held in commemoration of the spirit of the first righteousness was grandly held in the memorial hall. In the exhibition hall, a banner of “The World Is Public” handwritten by Mr. Sun Yat-sen attracted many visitors.
Mr. Sun Yat-sen insisted on taking “the world for the public” as the highest ideological realm throughout his life, devoted himself to “removing those sorrows of the people and seeking happiness for the people”, and led the revolutionaries to this goal.
The Museum of the Revolution of 1911 in Wuchang District, Wuhan City, Hubei Province (taken on October 5th, UAV photo). Issued by Xinhua News Agency (Photo by Wu Zhizun)
Today, the Chinese people have historically solved the problem of absolute poverty. There will be no more years of starvation and coldness, and they have embarked on a broad road of comprehensive well-off and common prosperity.
A ship berthed at the container terminal in the Jingtang Port Area of Tangshan Port to load (photographed by drone on April 8th).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Yang Shiyao
“Under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, our country is prosperous and strong. As a member of the Communist Party and a descendant of the Revolutionary Revolutionary of 1911, I am very proud. I believe this must be what our ancestors expected.” The first shot of the Wuchang Uprising was fired. Xiong Bingkun’s eldest grandson, Xiong Yongzhu, said excitedly.
In Hongguang Village, Longjia Street, Jiutai District, Changchun City, Jilin Province, farmers drive agricultural machinery to harvest rice (photographed by drone on September 23).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Zhang Nan
The united Chinese nation is the common root of the Chinese sons and daughters at home and abroad, and the Chinese dream of realizing the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is the common dream of the Chinese sons and daughters at home and abroad.
Recently, in a residence in Beijing, Lin Shangyuan, president of the Whampoa Military Academy’s alumni association and a veteran of the Anti-Japanese War, and his son, Lin Jiping, president of the Hong Kong Whampoa Military Academy’s Friendship Association, was interviewed by reporters.
Although the old man Lin Shangyuan is 97 years old and Lin Jiping is almost in the past, the father and son have always used the Whampoa spirit as a link to unite the Whampoa students and their descendants at home and abroad, in order to promote the peaceful development of cross-strait relations and the peaceful reunification of the motherland. And run.
“My great-grandfather was Zhang Nanxian, the veteran of the 1911 Revolution who participated in the first uprising of Wuchang. The tragic history of the country’s broken mountains and rivers has been deeply embedded in their bones. China is a unified country and has been firmly imprinted in their consciousness. We. What they have done is to inherit their spirit and contribute to the unification of the country.” Lin Jiping is very firm.
Realizing the complete reunification of the motherland is where the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation lie, and it is also the common aspiration and sacred duty of all Chinese sons and daughters. To ensure that the country is not divided and to safeguard the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation is the common will of all Chinese people and an unstoppable historical trend.
“Standing at the historical intersection of the’two centenary goals’ and thinking about the Taiwan issue, we will clearly realize that national reunification is an inevitable requirement for national rejuvenation in the new era, and resolving the Taiwan issue and realizing the reunification of the motherland are the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The question should have meaning.” Zhang Haipeng said.
Workers are working in the production workshop of the wind power equipment manufacturing plant of China First Heavy Industry Group Co., Ltd. in Qiqihar City, Heilongjiang Province (photographed on July 1).Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Jianwei
The infinite past is based on the present, and the infinite future is based on the present.
More than three months ago, in Tiananmen Square, the celebration of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China was grandly held. General Secretary Xi Jinping looked forward with his sonorous words–
“With the strong leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and the close unity of the people of all ethnic groups across the country, the goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way will surely be realized, and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will surely be realized!”
【Editor in charge: Lv Jiashan】