Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, June 17. On June 17, “Economic Information Daily” published an article written by a reporter, “Directly attacking the production of “Three Summers”: Good harvest and good news are frequent, and summer broadcasts are in full swing.” The article said, “The yield is high, the quality is high, the price is good, the situation is better than expected, and it is another bumper year!” This is the “good news” of the bumper harvest that the reporter heard during the recent front-line research in the main summer grain producing areas. Right now, the national wheat harvest is coming to an end, and the quality of wheat in many major producing areas is better than normal, and the harvest has exceeded expectations. At the same time, summer sowing is also in full swing. The summer grains are returning to the warehouse, the autumn grains are beginning to grow, and the earth has once again planted the hope of a bumper harvest.
Summer grain is the first season of annual grain production. Experts said that this year’s bumper grain harvest and the successive introduction of policies that benefit farmers have boosted farmers’ confidence in growing grains and enabled the Chinese to hold their jobs more firmly.
Recently, the reporter went to Caolebao Village, Daizhao Township, Handan District, Handan City, Hebei Province and saw that in the farmer Cao Hongbo’s wheat field, with the roar of the machine, piles of wheat ears were being loaded into the “belly” of the combine harvester. Inside, turned into yellow grains of wheat.
Affected by the historically rare autumn flood last year, the seedling condition of winter wheat in Hebei Province was the worst in the past 30 years. According to the dispatch of agricultural conditions, the current wheat growth in Hebei Province is generally better than that of normal years and close to the best year in history. The summer grain harvest is in sight. It is expected that the large-scale harvest will basically end around June 22.
“This year, the whole village’s wheat is growing very well, and every household has a high wheat output.” Zhang Pengfei, secretary of the Party branch of Caolebao Village, Daizhao Township, told reporters that all the 2,855 mu of wheat in Caolebao Village has been put into warehouses.
During the busy season of “Three Summers”, such good news of harvest comes frequently.
As the summer harvest is basically completed, Lu Shiren, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Anhui Province, told the “Economic Information Daily” that Anhui’s 42.8 million mu of wheat per unit yield and total output are expected to hit a record high.
“This year’s wheat is not only high-yield, but also of good quality,” said Wu Jie, chief of the comprehensive business unit of the Grain and Material Reserve Center in Huoqiu County, Lu’an City, Anhui Province. It looks so delightful!”
The reporter learned from the Anhui Provincial Bureau of Grain and Material Reserves that recently, the bureau’s quality survey on major wheat producing areas such as Huaibei and Bozhou showed that as of June 7, third-grade and above wheat accounted for 95.1%, an increase over the same period last year. 9.7 percentage points.
The “super-expected” harvest came from a series of “super-intensive” grain stabilization measures. On the one hand, technologies such as precise seeding, accurate prediction of diseases and insects, and “one spray and three defenses” are widely used in the field, and scientific and technological support has run through the entire process of grain production, distribution, purchase and storage. On the other hand, from sowing, management and harvesting, mechanization has improved grain production capacity.
“Last year, our village excavated more than 1,000 meters of irrigation canals. The Agriculture and Rural Affairs Bureau regularly flew anti-drug sprays, technicians gave field guidance in the fields, called the township supervisors and Baolian cadres to check the situation of the seedlings on the spot, and carried out the action of ‘strengthening seedlings with science and technology‘. Dry in the field.” Zhang Pengfei told reporters that this year’s wheat has not been infested by pests, dry and hot winds, and has grown particularly well.
Decreasing is also increasing production. The reporter learned from the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Anhui Province that through the promotion of the technology of mechanical harvesting of grain, the loss rate of mechanical harvesting of wheat in Anhui Province this year is less than 2%, and the loss of wheat harvesting is reduced by about 300 million kilograms.
Grain is sold and money is in hand-according to the introduction of COFCO Group, this year’s summer grain purchases have shown a trend of “three highs” in quality, quantity and price. At present, the purchase price of COFCO this year is significantly higher than the minimum purchase price, which is the highest in recent years.
“Since the listing of Xinmai, processing, storage, trade and other enterprises have strong purchasing intentions, and they have actively entered the market to purchase, and the market has been highly active. At present, the purchase price of wheat is generally around 1.5 yuan per catty, much higher than the minimum purchase price of 1.15 yuan. Price level.” said Jiang Nan, deputy director and researcher of the Macroeconomic Research Office of the Rural Economic Research Center of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs.
Comprehensively increasing the minimum purchase price of grain, one-time agricultural subsidies for farmers who actually grow grains, subsidies for the purchase and application of agricultural machinery… A series of policies that benefit farmers have come one after another.
Counting the total income of his 16 mu of land, Cao Hongbo’s hearty laughter echoed in the wheat field, “The yield of 1 mu of land is 1,350 jin, the purchase price of 1 jin of wheat at the harvest point is 1.5 yuan, and the income per mu of land is 2,025 yuan. It’s been a good year!”
“Since this year, my country’s summer grain production has faced various challenges, and local governments have coordinated epidemic prevention and control and spring agricultural production, taking multiple measures to overcome difficulties and ensure a bumper harvest of summer grain, which has created favorable conditions for a bumper grain harvest throughout the year, and has also contributed to economic stability. Healthy operation has laid a solid foundation.” Jiang Nan said.
Xia Harvest is connected to Xia Seed. At present, the summer planting in many places has also entered its peak.
After harvesting the wheat, early in the morning, Shang Yue, a major grain grower in Huaiyuan County, Bengbu City, Anhui Province, was busy sowing corn in the fields. Shang Yue said that while the weather is good, the seeds should be sown in the ground as soon as possible, and the farming season should not be delayed.
This year, Shangyue compound planted 370 mu of soybean and corn. “The intercropping of 2 rows of corn and 4 rows of soybeans can not only achieve no reduction in corn production, but also increase soybean income.” Shang Yue said. In southeastern Anhui, rice transplanting is also being carried out in an orderly manner.
The reporter learned that this year Anhui is expected to plant 61.45 million mu of grain in summer. As of June 12, 36.159 million mu have been sown, accounting for 58.8% of the planned area. On the basis of the increase in the area of summer grain and spring planted grain compared with the previous year, after the summer planting intention is fully completed, the annual grain area in Anhui will reach more than 109.7 million mu. As of June 14, the summer planting area in Henan Province was 78.794 million mu, accounting for 87.5% of the estimated area.
The summer grains are returning to the warehouse, the autumn grains are beginning to grow, and the hope of a bumper harvest is planted in the fields again. (Reporters by Wang Zixu, Guo Yaru, Shui Jinchen, Jiang Gang, Guo Yaru, Ma Yichong, Beijing Shijiazhuang, Hefei and Zhengzhou)