Firmly establish and practice the overall national security concept and write a new chapter of national security in the new era
On April 15, 2014, General Secretary Xi Jinping creatively proposed the overall national security concept at the first plenary meeting of the Central National Security Committee, clearly adhering to the principle of people’s security, political security as the foundation, economic security as the foundation, and economic security as the foundation. Military, cultural, and social security are the guarantees, relying on the promotion of international security, maintaining national security in all fields, building a national security system, and taking the path of national security with Chinese characteristics. The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China incorporated the adherence to the overall national security concept into the basic strategy for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, and written it into the party constitution, reflecting the common will of the whole party and the people of the whole country. The overall national security concept is the first major strategic thought in the history of our party to be established as the guiding ideology for national security work. guide.
On April 15, 2022, on the occasion of the 8th anniversary of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s proposal of the overall national security concept, according to the deployment of the CPC Central Committee, the “Outline for the Study of the Overall National Security Concept” was organized and compiled by the Propaganda Department of the CPC Central Committee and the Office of the Central National Security Committee (below). Referred to as “Outline”) published. This is a major event in the party’s ideological and theoretical construction. It provides authoritative auxiliary readings for studying and implementing the overall national security concept. It is just in time and needed. We should take this opportunity to set off a wave of learning, publicizing and implementing the overall national security concept among the broad masses of party members, cadres, and the masses, gather strong forces to overcome difficulties and forge ahead, and build a strong security barrier for building a modern socialist country in an all-round way.
I. Deeply understand the significance and contribution of the overall national security concept
General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “This is an era that requires theories and will certainly be able to produce them, and this is an era that requires ideas and will certainly be able to produce ideas.” Socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, and my country’s national security situation has undergone profound and complex changes. The overall national security concept came into being, pointing out the way forward for maintaining and shaping national security with Chinese characteristics, and contributing Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions to building a world of lasting peace and universal security.
The overall national security concept anchors the historical orientation of national security in the new era.Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has pointed out that the world has entered a period of accelerated evolution from the perspective of the general trend of human development, the changing pattern of the world, and the history of China‘s development. period. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that “to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, to ensure that the people live and work in peace and contentment, national security is the top priority.” “It provides fundamental guidance for us to understand national security, position national security, and grasp national security from the overall perspective of the work of the party and the country. These series of major strategic judgments point out the new historical position of national security in the new era, and are the basic coordinates and basis for us to accurately identify changes, respond scientifically, and actively seek changes on our new journey.
The picture shows the 2022 National Security Education Day theme poster.
The overall national security concept clarifies the fundamental political guarantee of national security in the new era.Our party was born at a time when the country was in a state of domestic and foreign aggression and national crisis. It has an unforgettable understanding of the importance of national security, and has always grasped the work of safeguarding national security. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out that adhering to the Party’s absolute leadership over national security work is the fundamental political principle of national security work in the new era and the fundamental guarantee for doing a good job in national security work. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China decided to establish the Central National Security Committee. The purpose is to better adapt to the new situation and new tasks facing my country’s national security, establish a centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security system, and strengthen the leadership of national security work. Under the personal planning, deployment and promotion of General Secretary Xi Jinping, since the establishment of the Central National Security Committee for 8 years, it has continuously strengthened the top-level design around the improvement of the national security leadership system, improved the national security legal system, strategic system and policy system, and established a national security system. The work coordination mechanism and emergency management mechanism promote the implementation of the national security responsibility system by party committees (party groups) at all levels, form a strong synergy of “one game of chess across the country”, and create a new situation for national security in the new era.
The overall national security concept opens up the way forward for national security in the new era.The direction determines the future, and the road determines the destiny. The path of national security with Chinese characteristics is the concrete manifestation of the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics in national security. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has repeatedly emphasized adherence to the path of national security with Chinese characteristics. On November 18, 2021, General Secretary Xi Jinping clearly pointed out when presiding over the review of the “National Security Strategy (2021-2025)” that to take the road of national security with Chinese characteristics, we must adhere to the party’s absolute leadership and improve a centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative country. The leadership system for security work, to achieve the unity of people’s security, political security, and national interests; insist on safeguarding national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and maintain the stability and order of frontiers, borders, and surrounding areas; adhere to security development, and promote high-quality development and high-level security dynamic balance ; Adhere to the overall war, coordinating traditional and non-traditional security; adhere to the path of peaceful development, and promote the coordination of its own security and common security. This major conclusion is a systematic and original theoretical summary of the national security road with Chinese characteristics. It clarifies the important characteristics of the national security road with Chinese characteristics and establishes a beacon to guide the direction of national security in the new era.
The overall national security concept demonstrates the responsibility of a major country for national security in the new era.At present, the governance deficit, trust deficit, development deficit, and peace deficit faced by human society are increasing unabated. Traditional security and non-traditional security issues are complex and intertwined. The linkage, transnationality and diversity of security issues are more prominent. A world of universal security has a long way to go. The overall national security concept holds high the banner of building a community with a shared future for mankind, promotes the building of a new type of international relations featuring mutual respect, fairness, justice, and win-win cooperation, resolutely opposes hegemonism and power politics, and provides new ideas and models for leading relations between countries; , comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable global security concept, adhere to the peaceful solution of problems and disputes, and work with other countries to address non-traditional security challenges such as climate change, terrorism, cyber security, public health, refugees, etc., in order to promote the resolution of regional hotspots and Global security issues have played a constructive role; adhered to extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits, and promoted the rapid growth of the “Belt and Road” into an open and inclusive international cooperation platform and a global public product that is generally welcomed by all parties. Development for sustainable security provides more opportunities for cooperation. The conflict between Russia and Ukraine that broke out since February this year has once again proved that security is inseparable. To achieve long-term stability, it is necessary to accommodate the reasonable security concerns of all parties. Group confrontation and the pursuit of absolute security will only bring about insecurity.
The overall national security concept guides national security to achieve historic achievements in the new era.Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the CPC Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, national security has been comprehensively strengthened, and historic changes have been achieved from decentralized to centralized, slow to efficient, passive to active. The national security system has basically been formed, the national security capability has been significantly improved, the people’s defense line has been strengthened, and the national security awareness of the whole people has been significantly enhanced. Resolutely safeguard regime security, institutional security, and ideological security, resist and counter extreme external suppression and containment, push the situation in Hong Kong to achieve a major transition from chaos to governance, carry out in-depth struggles involving Taiwan, Xinjiang, Tibet, and the sea, and make steady progress Promoting the border and enriching the people, stabilizing the border and consolidating the border, properly handling surrounding security risks, and the anti-infiltration, anti-terrorism and anti-separatist struggles have been fruitful. Safe development runs through the entire process of national development in all fields, major progress has been made in preventing and controlling economic and financial risks, important progress has been made in tackling key core technologies, the special campaign against gangsters and evil has been victorious, and historical, turning and overall changes have taken place in ecological and environmental protection. , properly respond to major natural disasters, coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and continue to enhance security capabilities in new fields such as network, data, artificial intelligence, biology, space, deep sea, and polar regions, and effectively respond to overseas interest risks and challenges. National sovereignty, security and development interests have been fully maintained, and the overall social situation has maintained long-term stability. my country has become one of the most secure countries in the world.
In the history of our party and the country, the more the country and nation are at a critical juncture, the more we need to play the leading role of ideology and theory. As one of the basic strategies for upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, the overall national security concept has great theoretical, historical, epochal, and practical significance. The “Outline” comprehensively reflects the original contribution of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era to national security, and systematically explains the basic spirit, basic content, basic methods, and basic requirements of the overall national security concept. It is of great significance to play a guiding role in safety work, to unify thoughts and build consensus in understanding, to enhance self-confidence in action, and to inspire practical work. We must strengthen the consciousness and firmness of studying the Outline, publicizing the Outline, and interpreting the Outline, and effectively transform the study and understanding of the Outline into an internal driving force for practicing the overall national security concept.
2. Comprehensively study and grasp the scientific theoretical system of the overall national security concept
General Secretary Xi Jinping is the founder of the overall national security concept. In leading the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in the great struggle with many new historical characteristics, General Secretary Xi Jinping, with the leadership feeling of “I will have nothing to do with the people”, used Marxist standpoints, viewpoints and methods to learn from the fine traditions of China. The essence of strategic culture inherits and develops the experience and collective wisdom of the Communist Party of China in defending national sovereignty, security, and development interests, and proposes a series of new concepts, new ideas, and new strategies with original significance, which have played a role in the creation and development of the overall national security concept. decisive role and made a decisive contribution.
The picture shows some important laws and regulations related to national security formulated and promulgated since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. The promulgation and implementation of these laws and regulations has further improved the national security rule of law system, and has played a role in the rule of law in consolidating the fundamentals, stabilizing expectations, and benefiting the long-term.
The overall national security concept, from the strategic perspective of upholding and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics, systematically answers how socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, how to solve the common security problems faced in the development process of major powers, and at the same time handle the key to the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The special security issue facing the stage is a major issue of the times. It is a systematic and complete scientific theoretical system with rich connotations, broad and profound, involving various aspects such as governing the party, the country and the army, marking that our party’s understanding of the basic laws of national security has reached a new height. .
The key to the overall national security view is the “total”. Emphasizes the concept of big security, covering politics, military, land, economy, finance, culture, society, science and technology, network, food, ecology, resources, nuclear, overseas interests, space, deep sea, polar regions, biology, artificial intelligence, data and many other fields , and will continue to dynamically adjust with the development of society. Emphasize the systematic thinking and methods of national security work, strengthen scientific planning, and achieve overall planning for development and security, overall planning for opening up and security, overall planning for traditional security and non-traditional security, overall planning for self-security and common security, overall planning for maintaining national security and shaping the country. Security, focusing on solving the problem of unbalanced and insufficient national security work. It is emphasized that national security should run through all aspects and links of the overall work of the party and the country, and is by no means the responsibility of a certain field or a single department. Security and development must be placed in the same important position, decision-making and deployment must be synchronized, and the same active implementation. Emphasis is placed on fighting the overall war, forming a strong synergy that brings together the party, government, military, civil society, all fronts, all aspects and all levels, and the whole society, the whole government, the whole system, and the whole means to deal with major national security risks and challenges.
The core essence of the overall national security concept is embodied in the “Ten Perseverances” put forward by General Secretary Xi Jinping in his important speech when presiding over the twenty-sixth collective study of the Political Bureau of the Nineteenth Central Committee. That is, adhere to the absolute leadership of the party over national security work, adhere to the path of national security with Chinese characteristics, adhere to the purpose of people’s safety, adhere to the overall development and security, insist on putting political security in the first place, insist on the overall promotion of security in all fields, and insist on the prevention and control of security. Resolving national security risks is placed in a prominent position, insisting on promoting international common security, insisting on modernizing the national security system and capabilities, and strengthening the building of national security cadres.
The “Outline” is closely related to the key of “overall”, based on the “ten insistences” to plan the layout, comprehensively and systematically combs a series of important expositions of General Secretary Xi Jinping on national security, from politics, economy, culture, society, ecology, military , science and technology and other fields have been fully developed, fully demonstrating the scientific system and rich connotation of the overall national security concept. The “Outline” adheres to the principle and meaning of the original text of General Secretary Xi Jinping’s original text, presents the major theoretical viewpoints and major strategic deployments of General Secretary Xi Jinping in its original form, grasps the “classics” and “golden sentences”, and demonstrates the profound political wisdom of General Secretary Xi Jinping , superb fighting art, outstanding leadership skills, plain discourse style.
3. Deeply comprehend the theoretical character of the overall national security concept
The overall national security concept adheres to the essence of Marxist national security theory, adheres to the belief of seeking security for the people, and carries the mission of escorting the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. The political character, value pursuit, and spiritual demeanor of the Chinese Communists.
A firm people’s stand.The broadest and deepest foundation of national security is the people. The overall national security concept takes the people’s position as the fundamental position, upholds the supremacy of the people and life, emphasizes that national security is for the people and depends on the people, and profoundly answers the major question of who is the national security for and whom to rely on. The “Outline” closely focuses on ensuring the safety of people’s lives and solving the most immediate and practical security issues that the people are most concerned about.
A tenacious fighting spirit.Dare to fight and dare to win is an invincible and powerful spiritual force for the party and the people. A peaceful environment comes from struggle, not from compromise. The overall national security concept always focuses on the realization of the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, grasps the historical characteristics of the new great struggle, emphasizes the courage to struggle, is good at struggle, enhances the ability to struggle, and is determined to overcome all foreseeable and unforeseeable risks and challenges. The “Outline” systematically sorts out the direction, principles, and strategies of national security struggle in the new era, and clearly reflects General Secretary Xi Jinping’s strong historical responsibility and outstanding art of struggle.
A deep sense of distress.It is the distinctive characteristics of Chinese Communists to always be far-sighted and be prepared for danger in times of peace. The overall national security concept faces risks and challenges, emphasizing that it is based on the most difficult and complex situations, prepares for the worst, strives for the best results, and must have the strategic courage to shine a sword and take action at critical moments. The “Outline” systematically sorts out the principles, concepts, and methods of preventing and defusing risks in the new era, clearly reflecting General Secretary Xi Jinping’s sober bottom-line thinking and historical initiative.
Excellent strategic thinking.Strategic issues are the fundamental issues of a political party and a country. If the strategic judgment is accurate, the strategic planning is scientific, and the strategic initiative is won, the cause of the party and the people will have great hope. The Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core is far-sighted and has made a series of major strategic decisions and deployments related to the future and destiny of the Party and the country. New security landscape, and more. The overall national security concept emphasizes that no matter how the international situation changes, it is necessary to maintain strategic determination, strategic confidence, and strategic patience, and combine strategic firmness with strategic flexibility. The “Outline” systematically sorts out the national security strategic thinking and practice in the new era, reflects the successful experience and practice of solving outstanding problems to achieve strategic breakthroughs and driving overall work, and clearly reflects General Secretary Xi Jinping’s far-sighted strategic vision and overall strategic wisdom.
The spirit of innovation.Adhering to the innovation-driven approach is the fundamental policy to promote the realization of high-level safety. At present, the national security situation and the state of national security struggle have undergone profound changes. If we do not recognize changes, do not respond to changes, and do not seek changes, we may fall into strategic passivity and miss strategic opportunities. The overall national security concept profoundly summarizes the systematic and revolutionary innovation practice of national security since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, and proposes major innovative concepts such as coordinating development and security, maintaining and shaping national security, and promoting the modernization of national security systems and capabilities. The “Outline” systematically sorts out the innovative concepts and practices of national security in the new era, and clearly reflects the extraordinary theoretical courage and pioneering spirit of General Secretary Xi Jinping.
On April 15, 2021, Hong Kong will hold National Security Education Day for all. This is the 6th National Security Education Day for All People “Hong Kong” aims to raise the national security awareness of Hong Kong citizens, create a strong atmosphere for safeguarding national security, and enhance the ability to prevent and resist security risks. Pictured is the event site.Xinhua News Agency reporter Wu Xiaochu / photo
Broad world vision.“The world trend is mighty and mighty, those who follow it will prosper, and those who go against it will perish.” Correctly handling the relationship between China and the world is a major issue related to the success or failure of the Party’s cause. The overall national security concept has a profound insight into the current world development trend and the development trend of the times, and emphasizes that China will unswervingly follow the path of peaceful development, adhere to the unity of maintaining its own security and common security, and strive to achieve its own goals and make greater contributions to the world. The overall national security concept fully clarifies China‘s national security governance values, work ideas, and mechanism paths, and provides an important reference for those countries that want to maintain social security and stability as well as maintain their own independence. The “Outline” systematically sorts out China‘s peaceful development path in the new era, and clearly reflects General Secretary Xi Jinping’s magnificent world-mindedness and firm responsibility as a major country as the leader of a major party and a major country.
4. Completely, accurately and comprehensively study and implement the overall national security concept
In contemporary China, adhering to and developing the overall national security concept is truly adhering to and developing the Marxist national security theory, and truly adhering to and expanding the path of national security with Chinese characteristics. The “Outline” is the latest teaching material to arm the whole party with the major original theory of the overall national security concept, promote work, and guide national security practice in the new era. The Propaganda Department of the Central Committee and the National Security Office of the Central Committee issued a notice, requiring party committees (party groups) at all levels to incorporate the Outline into their study plans, comprehensively and systematically study, follow up study in a timely manner, think deeply, and link practical study, and effectively transform study results into resolute maintenance. Lively practice of national sovereignty, security and development interests.
First, unswervingly strengthen the theoretical armed.It is necessary to combine and implement the spirit of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, deeply understand the decisive significance of the “two establishments”, strengthen the “four consciousnesses”, strengthen the “four self-confidences”, achieve the “two maintenances”, and deeply understand the overall The great significance, core essence, spiritual essence, rich connotation, and practical requirements of the concept of national security are highly consistent with the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core in ideology, politics, and action. It is necessary to highlight the “key minority”, carry out vivid and profound education and training, so that leading cadres at all levels are more determined to promote the in-depth integration of development and security, and more consciously use the overall national security concept to guide and control the complex national security situation and deal with risks. challenge. It is necessary to adhere to the combination of centralized publicity and education with regular publicity and education, innovate content, methods and carriers, guide the general public to earnestly study and implement the overall national security concept, raise the national security awareness of the whole people, and build a steel Great Wall for safeguarding national security.
The second is to unswervingly prevent and defuse national security risks.We must put the prevention and resolution of various risks affecting my country’s modernization process in a prominent position, and make ideological and work preparations to deal with changes in the external environment for a long time. It is necessary to improve the risk prevention and control system and mechanism, strengthen overall planning and coordination, consolidate the responsibilities of all parties, do a good job in the guarantee of elements, and continuously improve the ability to deal with risks, meet challenges, and turn danger into danger. It is necessary to estimate difficulties more fully, think more deeply about risks, focus on plugging loopholes, strengths and weaknesses, and strive to prevent various risks and challenges from internal and external linkages, accumulation and superposition, so as to create a safe and stable environment for the successful convening of the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China.
The third is to unswervingly implement the strategic deployment of the CPC Central Committee.For the first time, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China incorporated overall development and security into the guiding ideology of my country’s economic and social development during the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, and made strategic arrangements in a special chapter. Following the promulgation of the “Regulations on the National Security Responsibility System of the Party Committee (Party Group)” in 2018, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China issued the “Regulations on the National Security Work of the Communist Party of China” in 2021. Major issues such as “how to lead” have further strengthened the party’s absolute leadership over national security work from a system perspective. At the end of 2021, the “National Security Strategy (2021-2025)” was promulgated, making strategic arrangements for maintaining national security under the new situation. Party committees (party groups) at all levels should unify their thoughts and actions into the series of important instructions given by General Secretary Xi Jinping, and unify them into the Party Central Committee’s major policies and decisions on national security, focus on major deployments, important tasks, and key tasks, and insist on keeping the land Responsibility, responsibility for defending the soil, responsibility for defending the soil, and implementation at every level, at every level, to ensure that the spirit of the Party Central Committee is implemented and effective.
The fourth is to unswervingly promote the modernization of the national security system and capabilities.It is necessary to improve the centralized, unified, efficient and authoritative national security leadership system, and to incorporate the Party’s leadership into all aspects of national security work, and to ensure that national security work is firmly in the hands of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core. It is necessary to comprehensively improve national security capabilities, focus on the strategic needs of maintaining and shaping national security, pay more attention to synergy and efficiency, pay more attention to the rule of law, pay more attention to scientific and technological empowerment, pay more attention to grassroots foundations, and focus on making up for shortcomings and weaknesses with the spirit of nailing the nails. It is necessary to further strengthen the legal protection of national security, promptly fill in the blanks, strengthen weak points, and thoroughly implement the national security laws and regulations under the leadership of the National Security Law, so as to better play the role of the rule of law in consolidating the fundamentals, stabilizing expectations, and benefiting the long-term. It is necessary to build and strengthen the national security system institutions and personnel of the National Party Committee, adhere to the leadership of political construction, and forge an indestructible team of national security cadres under the leadership of the Party.
The road ahead will never be smooth, and there will even be unimaginable storms. On the new journey, we must unite more closely around the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, never forget our original aspirations, keep our mission firmly in mind, work hard, and never slack off. , unswervingly follow the path of national security with Chinese characteristics, continue to open up new situations for national security work in the new era, and make unremitting efforts to win new victories in building a modern socialist country in an all-round way and realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation!
Author: Deputy Director of the Central State Security Office in charge of daily work, Secretary of the Party Committee and Minister of the Ministry of State Security