Home News [Front-line interview]Mainland experts on employment pressures reveal the inside story | Employment in China | College graduates | Companies

[Front-line interview]Mainland experts on employment pressures reveal the inside story | Employment in China | College graduates | Companies

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[Epoch Times, July 13, 2021](Epoch Times reporters Luo Ya and Li Jing interviewed and reported) The CCP has faced unprecedented difficulties in politics, economy, and diplomacy in the past 100 years. Among them, the unemployment situation is severe, and stable employment has been listed by the CCP authorities. It is one of the goals of “Six Stability”. The epidemic has lasted in the mainland for nearly two years, and mainland college graduates are facing unprecedented employment pressure. Experts on labor issues in the mainland have recently disclosed the inside story of graduate employment to The Epoch Times.

The number of college graduates has increased significantly

According to official data, the total number of Chinese college graduates in 2021 will reach 9.09 million, a year-on-year increase of 350,000. According to survey data from Chinese companies, under the impact of the epidemic, 1 million small stores will be directly transferred or closed in 2020, impacting the employment of 7 million people.

Against the background of the severe unemployment situation, the mainland media reports are a different story. On July 12, mainland media reported on college graduates with “Shandong Jiaotong Vocational College Employment Rate Over 98%”, “Zhejiang Tourism Vocational College Employment Rate 98.78%”, “Guangdong Bi Vocational College Graduate Employment Rate reached 99.5%”, etc. Employment situation.

“The various departments of Chinese universities report over 95% of the employment rate every year. In fact, this is an open and fraudulent secret.” Mr. Liu, an expert on labor rights in mainland China, told The Epoch Times, “Graduation means unemployment is a school or work unit. An open secret of .”

Mr. Liu further explained: “The teachers, counselors and the staff of the student department who manage employment are responsible for this. You must have an employment agreement, that is, you have signed an employment agreement with a certain company and brought it to the school. , The school only gave you a graduation certificate, so it created an official employment illusion.”

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Just a week ago, NetEase published an article “In 2021 college graduates will be “real miserable”, 9.09 million graduates, half of the students will face unemployment”, the article stated that with the continuous expansion of college enrollment, the number of graduates gradually increased, which was affected by many factors. As a result, the employment situation of college students is relatively severe. First of all, it is affected by external factors, that is, the uncertainty of the epidemic. Therefore, the development of many industries is also affected, and college students have fewer options.

A student surnamed Wu from Peking University who graduated last year told The Epoch Times: “Not only has the number of graduates increased sharply this year, and there are fewer monks and porridges, but there are also many previous graduates who were affected by the epidemic last year and were unable to find a job. It is also a key factor that affects the choice of returning to the country for employment.”

According to Tencent’s public account “Penguin” article “Young people look for jobs most valued, it ranks first”, quoting Zhaolian Recruitment information shows: last year’s employment was directly affected by the epidemic in 2020 graduates, still 26.3% upon graduation Unresolved employment issues. At the same time, the epidemic has caused more overseas students to choose to return to China to find work. According to a survey conducted by WokSop, a global career data development database, the number of international students who wish to return to China for employment in 2021 has increased by 48% compared to 2020.

A college student surnamed Wu also believes that “the current economic situation in China is generally very depressed, and companies generally have difficulties in survival. The jobs that can be provided can be said to have not increased but decreased. All of these will inevitably cause severe difficulties in the employment situation this year.”

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He said, “Some students are affected by official propaganda and lack rational expectations about social conditions and have too high expectations about salary and benefits. However, the labor rights in Chinese society generally lack institutional protection. Even if they can find a job, the psychological gap will be very large.”

The other side of the unemployment wave-difficult to recruit

In recent years, college students are unemployed after graduation, which has become the norm in China. At the same time, many Chinese companies are facing difficulties in recruiting workers, and it is even more difficult to recruit skilled workers. According to the Chinese Communist Party’s official statistics, the skilled worker gap is about 20 million.

Mr. Liu, a scholar who pays attention to labor rights, said, “China’s labor shortage occurs in the manufacturing industry, mainly in the economically developed coastal areas. This is a structural shortage. Because China’s vocational education is very poor, and China’s skilled workers are particularly short of skilled workers. . So some companies want to recruit skilled workers, but skilled workers cannot.”

“Because the employment of many college students has nothing to do with the majors they studied. Probably, the jobs that can be linked to their majors are only 10 to 20%. The rest can be done as much as possible. Therefore, the whole higher education is biased. Because of general knowledge, it doesn’t pay attention to this kind of professional, technical and professional education.” He said, “This is an important reason for the surplus of labor for college students, that is, there is a problem with this education. “

The New Office of the Communist Party of China admitted at a press conference on June 16 that there is pressure on total employment. This is mainly reflected in the fact that there are more than 14 million new laborers in urban areas this year, of which 9.09 million college graduates. At the same time, in terms of structure, the difficulty in finding employment for college students and the difficulty in recruiting enterprises coexist.

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The shady behind the vocational school

Mr. Liu also mentioned the reasons why parents are unwilling to send their children to vocational and technical education colleges. He said, “China‘s vocational and technical colleges themselves, the official does not pay attention to this aspect, there is no investment, no faculty, no teaching facilities and internship bases. A large number of vocational higher technical colleges have become black intermediaries.”

“The black intermediary recruits these students, teaches some basic courses last year, and sends you to the factory in the second year. It is called an internship, but it’s actually sold at a low price.” Mr. Liu explained, “Because You are a student worker, so you don’t have to sign a formal labor contract, nor do you need to take three insurances and five insurances. The cost of labor is very low, and you do the same jobs as other workers.

He said that companies are particularly willing to use this kind of workers. The company signs a contract with the school. At a labor cost of 3,000 yuan a month, it may end up giving students only more than 1,000 yuan.

“In these vocational and technical schools, you can’t learn real skills. This is another kind of structural unemployment.” He said, “It is because the educational structure is unreasonable, because the general undergraduate education is too surplus, and higher vocational and technical education are practical. There is too much shortage of vocational skills education, and the resulting unemployment is also very serious.”

Editor in charge: Li Qiong#

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