(Deutsche Welle Chinese website) The Sixth Plenary Session of the Communist Party of China issued the full text of the third historical resolution five days after its closing on November 11: “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Party’s Major Achievements and Historical Experiences in a Century of Struggle”, please go to the Voice of Germany The expert who predicted the content of the resolution before the meeting, Wang Xinxian, director of the East Asia Institute of National Chengchi University in Taiwan, analyzed the highlights in the full text.
Deutsche Welle: The full text is released, is it the same as your forecast?
Wang Xinxian:The first one is that the announcement time is very short. I feel a little surprised. The original estimate was about a week, but this time I thought it was early. Of course, there are various rumors about when it will come out, and the shortening of the time for the release of course means that there is not much opposition from the inside, at most it is just a text correction. The other is that the time it announces is after the worship meeting, and we have to see if there is any connection in the middle. On the evening of the 16th, CCTV news broadcast increased time, about 70 minutes, 40 minutes to talk about this resolution, the first is this, the second is the seminar. The connection in the middle made me very interested.
My guess is that you will find that in this resolution, there are external parts involved. For example, I am looking at “Major changes unseen in a century.” I think these parts are relatively gentle, and there is no name in the United States. How is the time? This is exactly the same as my own expectations before. Before the 20th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, he had to maintain stability both internally and externally, and there was no “wolf war diplomacy.” As an “old friend”, what he wants to create is that the relationship between the United States and China is actually a relatively stable state. Although the press releases issued by Xinhua News Agency and the United States are a little bit behind, what he wants to create is the relationship between the United States and China. An agreement has been reached to form a firewall or guardrail.
Deutsche Welle: What is the focus of this 36,000-word resolution?
Wang Xinxian:It is actually to establish a correct view of party history, which is what Xi Jinping has always mentioned in the past. I think it is very close to the centennial celebration of the Communist Party of China on July 1 this year and the 100th anniversary of the Revolution of 1911. I think this part is not too big. Accident. From a structural point of view, it is divided into several parts. The first three parts include “New Nationalist Revolution”, “Socialist Revolution Construction”, and “Reform and Opening Period”. These three parts belong to the period of Mao Deng Jianghu. It only accounts for more than 9,600 words, but in the fourth part, the reform of the new era of socialism in China is in the era of Xi, with a total of more than 19,000 words, which is about twice as long.
Of course, the content of the resolution has been written. In the first three stages, both the first resolution and the second historical resolution were mentioned, and during the reform and opening up, the 10th, 20th, 30th, and 40th anniversary were commemorated. They are almost all mentioned, so I only mentioned them briefly. For such an important historical resolution, Xi Jinping still considers his own matter. The text accounts for more than 50% of the entire text, which is more than twice the amount in the previous three periods. From this perspective, I think Xi Jinping is still showing himself. Political achievement.
Wang Xinxian, director of the East Asia Institute of the National Chengchi University, said that the third historical resolution of the CCP used “disaster” to describe the Cultural Revolution unexpectedly.
Deutsche Welle: In the full text, Xi Jinping appears 23 times, Mao Zedong 18 times, Deng Xiaoping 6 times, and Jiang Hu once each. Is this also meaningful?
Wang Xinxian:Of course it makes sense. The Lao Communist Party has done everything in writing this important document. The other is the “core” part mentioned in it. This is very, very important in the CCP. In the past, Mao was the core, Deng was the core, Jiang was the core, Hu was not, Xi was, but in this resolution, ” In the “core” part, there are only two people, Mao and Xi, and Mao only appears once and Xi appears seven times. It usually talks about who is the representative of the Chinese Communists, so the real core is that power is fixed to one. Xi mentioned it 7 times, indicating that in this century of history, he is actually the most important. I think this is still setting off Xi’s own historical status. There is no objection to this.
Next, it mentions the meaning of a century of struggle. It says that the significance of the CCP’s century of struggle is to change the destiny of the Chinese people. This has always been said in the past. The other part is that Xi Jinping has always wanted to be the true successor of Marxism. It mentions that the sinicization of Marxism has brought great vitality to Marxism. In that paragraph, the two ideologies of capitalism and socialism have been raised again. It is very important that many Eastern European countries collapsed from 1989 to 1991, and the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. Many people say that communism is thrown into the ashes of history, or Fukuyama’s “The End of History and the Last Man”, which means that capitalism has won a great victory.
It means that today the Communist Party of China has turned China into the world’s second largest economy and brought Marxism back to life. Marxism has not died out. It is China that has re-sinicized it and provided it with practical significance. The fourth part of it is about influencing world history, providing a new solution for developing countries, providing a solution path, a Chinese solution, a Chinese model and a model. From its perspective, this can He truly established Xi Jinping’s position because he provided a new democratic solution. This is what Xi Jinping talked about in the 50th anniversary of the Chinese Communist Party’s legal seat in the United Nations. Democracy is not the patent of individual countries, but the rights of the people of all countries. He provides one. Kind of new Chinese roads and systems or Chinese values for reference to other countries.
Deutsche Welle: What is the difference between the resolution text and what you think?
Wang Xinxian:A little bit different from what I thought at the beginning is what I think is about Mao Zedong, the Cultural Revolution, and the Great Leap Forward. In the past, everyone has been talking about “the two do not deny each other.” In fact, in recent months, Xi Jinping or related party documents have been mentioning that the Cultural Revolution itself used to talk about “errors”, but later became a ” Difficult to explore”. Looking back at this resolution, it even talked about “disasters”, “anti-Rightist”, and “Great Leap Forward” errors. It refers to the evaluation of Mao Zedong, saying that Mao Zedong was “wrongly estimated,” and it also agreed with the second resolution to face Mao Zedong and evaluate Mao Zedong’s thought. I was a little surprised at this part.
But when you look at this part of the Cultural Revolution, what he is actually talking about is that the Gang of Four used Mao Zedong’s “wrong estimate” to bring disasters. I think it is still very skillful to distinguish it. The “wrong estimate” of the situation, but it was the Gang of Four’s unpredictable intentions, and the mistake of using Mao Zedong’s personal knowledge to cause such a catastrophe.
The other is that it mentions “June 4th”, of course it is very skillful, using the “severe political turmoil at the turn of the spring and summer of 1989” used in the party. There is no surprise that this thing will be brought up, but I find it very interesting. The point is that when we are looking at these documents of the Lao Communist Party, we have to “re-texture” and read the context clearly. He first talked about the successive collapses of countries in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. He pointed out that there was an anti-socialist force abroad, and China was also facing the invasion of this force.
It said: “Due to the support and incitement of hostile forces against communism and socialism in the world, the global climate and the domestic microclimate have led to…” All this reason comes from this kind of international force, and it speaks very lightly of domestic ones. In the microclimate, the Communist Party is not wrong, and blames this matter on the international community. Then it said that the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe collapsed, but the CCP did not collapse. “The party and the government rely on the people, take a clear-cut stand against unrest, defend…” It is actually praising that the party has survived this general international trend.
Deutsche Welle: How to interpret the content about Taiwan?
Wang Xinxian:In Hong Kong and Macao, 631 words were discussed, and in Taiwan, 357 words were discussed. I think this ratio is somewhat different from the previous political report of the party or the government work report of the State Council every year. In the past, Hong Kong and Macau were part of one part, and Taiwan was part of one part. It would probably be 1:1. Sometimes Taiwan was a little bit more than Hong Kong and Macau. When he talked about Hong Kong and Macao this time, he talked very, very detailed, including internal matters, including details such as “patriots ruling Hong Kong,” the “National Security Law,” and the Office of the Commissioner’s Office.
On the whole, the Communist Party is actually looking at Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan together. After Hong Kong’s return in 2019, Beijing views Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan as one, as can be seen from its internal organization or system. Regarding matters in Hong Kong, the past two years have basically been relatively urgent. Regarding matters in Taiwan, it is very important, but it has no way to propose a better countermeasure, because the Taiwan issue alone does not have much to do. The problem, but the point is that there is the United States behind (Taiwan), which is the forefront of the competition between the United States and China, so it can’t find a better way for the time being. It can only do so at present. In the past year, Hong Kong has been in a hurry. Taiwan has been a little bit slow, and the resolution can probably also be seen in the resolution.
The big reason why the ratio is so different is that the problem in Hong Kong has been roughly solved. It is directly related to the political achievements of Xi Jinping. However, in Taiwan, there are not too many things that can stand up, including the mention of horses. Xi Hui and some of the preferential policies for Taiwan are probably the “cross-strait family relationship.” It can be seen that the most important thing is “anti-independence.” Since the Taiwan issue cannot be resolved at this stage, it is to give priority to “anti-independence”, treat it separately, and accurately combat “Taiwan independence” and separate “Taiwan independence” from the general public.
In the past two weeks, we have also seen news hotspots including the drafting of a “Taiwan Independence Law” and the publication of a list of Taiwan independence diehards. These are the questions and answers of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council. The reporters of the Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council will ask Ma Xiaoguang questions, and then the Malays will answer them, indicating that the government wants to release these messages.
Deutsche Welle: It’s not like some people predict that “unification of Taiwan” will be put on the agenda.
Wang Xinxian:I think it is at this stage. Now basically, the words “solving the Taiwan issue and the complete reunification of the motherland” have almost become utterances. This resolution also takes this as the first sentence. Now officials and think tank scholars in mainland China talk about Taiwan. this thing. Putting “one country, two systems” and “reunification of the motherland” into the resolutions has historical significance. Compared with the previous two resolutions, the first one has no issues related to Taiwan, the second is mainly part of the party, and the third resolution puts Taiwan in the entire development process of China. In the past, cross-strait relations and the Taiwan issue may have been one of many issues he wanted to solve. But when he put this thing in the resolution, it has historical significance. Putting it into Xi Jinping’s “new journey” may follow his plans for the next 2035 and 2049.
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