Original title: Amendment of population and family planning regulations in over 22 provinces: general addition of parental leave, up to 15 days
Source: 21st Century Business Herald
21st Century Business Herald reporter Chen Jie reports from Guangzhou
On December 1, the 37th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th People’s Congress of Guangdong Province passed the Decision of the Standing Committee of the People’s Congress of Guangdong Province on Amending the “Regulations on Population and Family Planning of Guangdong Province” (hereinafter referred to as Guangdong Province Population and Family Planning) Regulations) will come into force on the date of promulgation.
The newly revised Guangdong Provincial Population and Family Planning Regulations proposes that if the child is born in compliance with laws and regulations, the parents shall each enjoy 10 days of parental leave each year when the child is three years old.
According to incomplete statistics from the 21st Century Business Herald, more than 22 provinces have revised their population and family planning regulations. It has become a common practice to add parental leave, generally giving 5-15 days of leave. For example, Shanxi proposes that if the child is born in compliance with the regulations and the child is under three years old, the unit of both spouses shall grant 15 days of parental leave each year.
Yang Ge, an associate researcher at the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told the 21st Century Business Herald that from the current situation in various provinces, the amendments to the population and family planning regulations are concentrated in three places: the first is to extend the period of maternity leave; the second is to grant parental leave. ; The last is to increase the father’s paternity leave.
“Many practices at home and abroad have shown that the introduction of a proactive fertility policy is conducive to stimulating childbirth willingness, releasing fertility potential, raising fertility levels, and increasing the number of births.” Dong Yuzheng, director of the Guangdong Provincial Population Development Research Institute, reporter to 21st Century Business Herald Express.
Who will share the cost of adding parental leave
According to incomplete statistics from 21st Century Business Herald reporters, more than 22 provinces have revised their population and family planning regulations. In addition to Guangdong, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Chongqing, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Jiangsu, Guizhou, Jilin, Shanxi, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, Hunan, Hubei, Shaanxi, Anhui, Hainan, Ningxia, Qinghai, Henan, Shandong and other places have announced Amendments to the local population and family planning regulations.
Among them, extending maternity leave and the man’s paternity leave have become common practices. Taking Beijing as an example, the “Beijing Population and Family Planning Regulations” stated that in addition to maternity leave prescribed by the state, the woman’s extended maternity leave will be adjusted from 30 days to 60 days, and the man will enjoy 15 days of paternity leave. In addition, the woman can add another one to three months of vacation with the consent of her unit.
The addition of parental leave has also become a common practice in various regions, and some provinces such as Shanxi have proposed parental leave as long as 15 days a year. Beijing proposed that each couple can enjoy five working days of parental leave per year before their children reach three years of age.
“As for parental leave, some provinces also have it in the past, but it is not very strict in terms of implementation. The level of implementation within the system is different from that of private enterprises, and there is also a lack of supervision mechanisms. Therefore, to a certain extent, it is not blindly extended. Holidays are good, but supervision should be strengthened so that parental leave can be implemented.” Yang Ge said that parental leave should not be too long, otherwise the burden on enterprises will be too heavy.
Regarding the cost sharing of parental leave, some provinces have also expressed their views. The population and family planning regulations of Guangdong Province just released propose that the cost sharing of holiday labor shall be implemented in accordance with relevant national and provincial regulations.
From this perspective, the cost of parental leave is not only borne by the enterprise, but also by the society.
“This approach in Guangdong is a way to share costs, because although companies also have their own social responsibilities, if the company is too much to bear the cost of family childcare, it will affect the company’s operation and profit, and thus affect the enthusiasm of the company. Share the cost of childcare. On the one hand, it is to increase the enthusiasm of employers to implement relevant fertility policies, and on the other hand, it is also to maintain the sustainable development of the economy.”
Yang Ge pointed out that the financial strength and development level of various regions are different, and appropriate policies should be formulated according to the actual situation. For example, judging from the practice of other countries, public finances may not necessarily be used to bear the cost of childcare. The child support and education funds previously paid by the public can be used to bear the cost of parental leave and maternity leave.
Yang Ge believes that various localities are currently introducing policies to support childcare. Extending maternity leave and adding parental leave is the most common practice, because this approach does not increase the government’s public expenditure too much, but it needs to be treated rationally. For example, too long maternity leave will have a certain negative impact on women’s employment. Therefore, a more appropriate way is to use social resources to share the cost of family childcare. Play a bigger role.
Jingyue Public Rental Housing Inclined to Multi-child Families
The 21st Century Business Herald reporter noted that when revising population and family planning regulations, provinces also paid attention to the establishment of childcare service systems.
Shandong proposes that when the natural resources department of the people’s government at or above the county level proposes the conditions for residential land planning, it should clarify the requirements for the simultaneous planning and design of supporting nursery institutions, and clarify content such as plot layout and land area. Supporting childcare service facilities in newly-built residential areas shall be checked and accepted simultaneously with residential buildings, and shall be delivered for use simultaneously.
Dong Yuzheng said that a fertility policy “single-handedly” sometimes is not only not conducive to the solution of the problem, it may also cause more new problems.
“Increasing women’s maternity leave must be integrated with the issues that may cause hidden discrimination in women’s employment, and the reproductive care for women must be unified with professional development and family life. We must not lose sight of the other.” Dong Yuzheng pointed out. .
At present, all localities are also paying attention to the employment situation of women giving birth. For example, Guangdong proposed that people’s governments at all levels should take effective measures to protect women’s legal rights and interests in employment, and provide employment services for women whose employment is affected by childbirth.
Some provinces have also given other support measures for multi-child families. For example, Beijing has previously proposed that families with a large number of underage children who apply for public rental housing can be included in the priority range of rent allocation, and appropriate care will be given in the selection of house types.
At the end of November, in the latest round of public rental housing allocation in Beijing, public rental housing waiting families with two or more children will have priority in renting as well as waiting families receiving subsistence allowances and family members with severe disabilities or serious illnesses. Public housing. At present, there are more than 2500 two-child or three-child families in Beijing waiting for public rental housing. In this round of public rental housing, Beijing provides more than 7,000 housing units, which can basically satisfy all waiting families with two or more children. .
Guangdong also proposed that when the people’s government at or above the county level allocates public rental housing, families that meet the local housing security conditions and have minor children can give proper care in terms of house type selection and other aspects based on the number of minor children.
Yang Ge pointed out that although public rental housing does not affect many people, it is indeed a clear support for families with childcare in terms of housing policies. This policy creates an environment in which the government supports childcare in many ways.
Dong Yuzheng said that the issue of fertility is not just a matter of raising children between husband and wife or the family, but a comprehensive issue involving social development. It must be considered in a unified way from the perspective of harmonious development, sustainable development and high-quality development of the society as a whole. Layout fertility issues.
“Regarding the birth policy, we should not only focus on the immediate stimulus effect, but also comprehensively implement policies from the overall policy system, policy coordination, and policy promotion of social development.” Dong Yuzheng said.
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