At present, the national flood control work is about to enter a critical period of “seven downs and eight ups”. A reporter from the “Economic Information Daily” learned that since the flood season this year, my country has experienced several regional rainstorms. The first typhoon “Siamba” to land this year and its circulation cloud system have brought a wide range of heavy rainfall to many places. In the face of the severe flood control situation, many places and departments actively responded, strengthened flood control and drought relief during the main flood season, supported disaster relief in disaster-stricken areas, and gathered a strong synergy of flood control situation and people’s livelihood.
flood disasterThe situation is grim
“This year, the flood season started early, there were many heavy rainstorms, and local disasters were severe. Rain conditions, flood conditions and disaster conditions mainly have the characteristics of ‘three more, three heavy and one fall’.” Secretary General of the National Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters, Deputy Minister of Emergency Management and Water Conservancy Vice Minister Zhou Xuewen introduced at the State Council’s regular policy briefing held on July 8 that first, there are many heavy rainfall processes, and the rain areas are highly overlapping. The second is that there are many rivers that exceed the warning level, and the Pearl River Basin has heavy flood conditions. The third is that there are many dangers in the project, and the geological disasters of mountain torrents are heavy. Fourth, the disasters suffered heavy losses and the casualties dropped significantly.
“Since the flood season began on March 17, the average precipitation in the country is 280.6 mm, which is 10.7% higher than the same period of the previous year, which is the highest in the same period since 2017.” Wang Yawei, head of the Department of Emergency Disaster Reduction and Public Services of the China Meteorological Administration, pointed out that among them , rainfall presents the characteristics of two rainy belts in the north and south. In the south, the precipitation in the Pearl River Basin is the largest in the same period in history, and in the north, the precipitation in the Liaohe River Basin is the second largest in the same period in history.
Yao Wenguang, director of the flood and drought disaster prevention department of the Ministry of Water Resources, said that since the flood season, there have been nine numbered floods in major rivers across the country, the most during the same period since 1998. Seven numbered floods occurred in the Xijiang and Beijiang in the Pearl River Basin, the most since 1949. Small and medium-sized rivers are prone to floods. A total of 487 rivers across the country experienced floods exceeding the alarm level.
“Since this year, flood disasters have affected 21.805 million person-times, resulting in a direct economic loss of 64.76 billion yuan, emergency relocation and resettlement of 1.239 million person-times, and flood disasters have caused 40 deaths and missing people, a drop of more than 70% compared with the average of the same period in the past five years.” Zhou Xuewen Say.
Flood control and disaster reliefassemblejoint force
In the face of the flood situation, relevant departments and local governments have made every effort to carry out flood control and disaster relief work.
The General Office of National Defense and the Emergency Management Department organized local governments to revise and improve emergency plans for flood control and drought relief in a timely manner, focusing on solving problems such as the lack of linkage between meteorological warnings and emergency response, and the poor operability of the plans. Jointly issued guidance with the China Meteorological Administration to promote the establishment of a direct disaster early warning “call response” mechanism to the grassroots, focusing on solving the “last mile” landing problem of early warning information.
The Ministry of Water Resources closely monitored the rain, water and flood conditions, rolled out forecasts and forecasts, and the Hydrology Department issued a total of 1,912 flood warnings. 25.63 million pieces and 1.01 billion pieces of flash flood disaster warning information were sent to those responsible for flood control and the public. 10 emergency responses were initiated successively. A total of 2,160 (times) large and medium-sized reservoirs have been dispatched and used across the country to store floodwaters, with a total of 53.7 billion cubic meters of floodwaters. During the flood response period in the Pearl River Basin, key flood control projects such as Xijiang and Beijiang were dispatched to effectively reduce the pressure on downstream flood control.
The National Disaster Reduction Committee and the Ministry of Emergency Management launched five emergency response responses, and together with the National Grain and Material Reserve Bureau, urgently dispatched about 24.79 million yuan of central flood control and disaster relief materials to the disaster area. The emergency management department pre-positioned rescue and rescue forces, urgently transferred and resettled the affected people, and effectively dealt with various dangerous situations. 56,200 fire rescue teams were dispatched, and 31,200 trapped people were rescued and evacuated.
Under the overall planning of the Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters, the housing and construction departments and emergency, meteorological, water conservancy and other departments have implemented information sharing and consultation linkages, released rainstorm warning information and activated emergency response as soon as possible, and notified relevant units and residents to take precautions in advance .
According to a survey by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, as of July 7, 52 cities across the country experienced 73 waterlogging of varying degrees due to heavy rainfall, the number being the same as the same period last year. Gas and other lifeline projects are basically normal.
“The National Disaster Reduction Committee and the Ministry of Emergency Management launched the emergency response to disaster relief in a timely manner, and together with relevant departments, urgently allocated the central disaster relief materials and funds to fully support local disaster relief efforts.” Zhou Xuewen said that since the beginning of this year, 1.239 million people have been relocated and resettled due to floods across the country. At present, the vast majority of these emergency transfer people have returned to their homes, and about 12,000 people affected by the disaster live in the centralized resettlement places arranged by the government, and the basic life of the people affected by the disaster has been properly guaranteed.
In addition, the reporter learned that the Ministry of Commerce attaches great importance to ensuring the market supply of daily necessities during the flood season, and strengthens the monitoring and early warning of the operation of the market for daily necessities such as grain, oil, meat, eggs, milk, fruits and vegetables. . Among them, Guangdong Province strengthened the linkage between provinces and cities, and delivered daily necessities to areas affected by the flood situation in a timely manner through direct dialing within the province or cross-city transfer. The Qingdao Municipal Bureau of Commerce has intensified efforts to organize the supply of “vegetable basket” products, and completed the purchase and storage of more than 10,000 tons of vegetables and pork from government reserves.
response”seven down eight up“Critical period
At present, the national flood control work is about to enter a critical period of “seven downs and eight ups”. Zhou Xuewen introduced that it is expected that from July to August, there will be more rainfall in northern China, southern China, southwest China and other places, and flood disasters will be more severe. Periodic meteorological droughts may occur in Xinjiang, east China, and central China. It is expected that landfall typhoons will be dominated by the northwest. At the same time, the possibility of landing in the north is high.
“In the early stage of the southern region, the flood situation was heavier, and there were many flood-damaged projects. In the later stage, there were still strong rainfall and typhoon effects. The disaster prevention foundation in the northern region was weak, and most of them have not experienced the test of major floods, so they must be highly vigilant.” Zhou Xuewen said that flood control The work is facing dual pressures from the north and the south, and the flood control situation is not optimistic.
Zhou Xuewen said that in the next step, the National Defense General Administration and the Ministry of Emergency Management will implement various measures for flood control and disaster relief, and further strengthen the defense of rivers and floods, the prevention of mountain torrents and geological disasters, the safety of reservoirs, and urban flood control and drainage. Protect the safety of people’s lives and property. It is necessary to focus on five aspects. First, the responsibility for flood control should be highlighted; second, early warning research and judgment should be highlighted and accurate; third, early transfer of risk and avoidance should be highlighted; fourth, emergency rescue should be highlighted quickly; fifth, disaster relief should be highlighted carefully .
“It is necessary to urge all localities to make timely statistics on the disaster situation, quickly allocate disaster relief materials and funds, and refine the resettlement plan for the affected people to ensure that the affected people have food, clothing, clean water to drink, safe accommodation, and timely medical treatment if they are sick. Guarantee basic living needs. Distribute food, drinking water and other living materials and urgently needed medicines in a timely manner and deliver them to the masses to ensure that no one household is missed and no one is left behind.” Zhou Xuewen said.
“In the second half of the year, we will face the severe challenge of geological disasters caused by heavy rainfall on the north and south lines.” Yu Haifeng, director of the Geological Exploration Management Department of the Ministry of Natural Resources, said that the Ministry of Natural Resources will pay close attention to the heavy rainfall areas and coordinate the geological disasters of the north and south lines. Disaster prevention; consult with the meteorological department to discuss and judge, and issue early warnings on a rolling basis; guide and urge local governments to strengthen risk investigations in key areas such as ditches, cliffs, and slopes outside hidden dangers, and resolutely organize threats when encountering heavy rainfall and high-risk warnings The masses were transferred in advance; publicity and training exercises were strengthened to improve the masses’ awareness of active disaster prevention and their ability to avoid dangers in the face of disasters.
Wang Zhihong, director of the Urban Construction Department of the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, introduced that the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development will guide and urge all localities to continue to do a good job in urban drainage and waterlogging prevention and the safe operation of municipal infrastructure during flood season. While instructing local governments to do a good job in flood season response work, continue to do a good job in the long-term. Together with the National Development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of Water Resources, the “14th Five-Year Plan” Action Plan for the Construction of Urban Drainage and Waterlogging Prevention System has been issued, clarifying the key tasks and requirements, and continuing to promote the construction of the drainage and waterlogging prevention system.
The Ministry of Commerce also stated before that it will closely track the impact of the flood situation on the market supply of daily necessities, strengthen market monitoring and early warning, make preparations for emergency deployment, do a good job in the connection between production and sales, strengthen material reserves, and make every effort to ensure the smooth operation of the daily necessities market during the flood season. (Reported by reporter Ban Juanjuan in Beijing)
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