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Patchwork of daycare fees – where what costs

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Patchwork of daycare fees – where what costs

Daycare fees vary greatly in Germany. Depending on where you live and your income, you pay zero or several hundred euros per month, according to the German Economic Institute.02/24/2024 | 0:22 min

There is a wide range of daycare fees in Germany. Depending on where you live, attending daycare can be free, or it can cost several hundred euros per month. In individual cases, if the parents’ income is exceptionally high, it can be more than 1,000 euros.

That comes from one Evaluation by the Institute of German Economics (IW) Cologne which is available to the German Press Agency. State regulations and fee schedules of 82 large cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants were considered. If possible, the basic fees in the first half of 2024 were taken into account – additional costs for meals and other services may be added.

Criteria: place of residence, age, level of care and annual income

A patchwork can be seen not only in the amount of the fees, but also in the criteria used: In addition to the place of residence, the age of the children, the extent of care and the annual income of the parents determine the amount of the fees – with income in each federal state be calculated differently.

Therefore, the comparability of the study results is limited, it said. The study does not take into account the quality of daycare care, for example how many children a single teacher has to look after. Parents with low incomes who receive child supplements or housing benefit generally do not have to pay daycare fees.

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All-day care for children under three years of age is particularly expensive

According to the study, full-day daycare can be expensive, especially for children under three years of age, with an annual income of up to 35,000 euros Göttingen (Lower Saxony) 291 euros per month for full-day, eight-hour care for a family with a one-year-old child Reutlingen (Baden-Württemberg) 387 euros per month are due for eight hours of care for a one-year-old child with a gross income of 50,000 euros for the parents Mülheim an der Ruhr (North Rhine-Westphalia) Parents with an annual income of more than 175,000 euros pay 1,009 euros per month for 45 hours of weekly care for a child under two years of age Bergisch-Gladbach (NRW) With an income of more than 200,000 euros it is even 1,220 euros.

A study by the Federal Institute for Population Research shows that children from socially disadvantaged families are less likely to get a place in a daycare center. Injustice begins before you start school.11/22/2023 | 1:51 minutes

Berlin and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania: State-funded daycare centers are free of charge

On the other hand, attending state or state-funded day care in Berlin, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and, from 2027, also in Saarland is generally free of charge.

Families are only charged for additional services, such as meals.

Evaluation by the Institute of German Economics Cologne

In other federal states there is sometimes a fee exemption for children of a certain age. For example, childcare in Rhineland-Palatinate is free of charge for children aged two and over. In addition, there are sometimes state regulations regarding multiple children being cared for. In addition, municipal fee schedules do not apply to privately run facilities in all federal states – but these do have a large share in the care.

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Study: Childcare offerings are not enough

In Germany, a daycare place must be made available for children between their third birthday and starting school. Children between their first and third birthdays are also entitled to care – in a facility or in day care.

“However, the existing offers for children under three are far from sufficient to actually cover the care needs expressed by parents,” the study says.

According to a study by the Bertelsmann Foundation, there is a shortage of around 430,000 daycare places in Germany. The need would continue to increase and the situation was unsustainable, according to the Bertelsmann Foundation. November 28, 2023 | 2:35 minutes

Source: dpa

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