Since the beginning of this year, in the face of the downward pressure on the economy, all regions and departments have insisted on maintaining stability and seeking progress while coordinating epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development. With the advance of various policies and the gradual release of policy effects, the normal economic order will be quickly restored, and the economic operation will soon return to the normal track.
A few days ago, the macro data of China‘s economy in April was released. Affected by the new round of the epidemic and the unexpected changes in the international situation, the new downward pressure on the economy has increased. How do you view the current economic situation?
At the National Development and Reform Commission’s online press conference in May, spokesperson Meng Wei said: “At present, the rebound of the domestic epidemic has been effectively dealt with, and various policies have been put forward and the policy effects have been gradually released. It is believed that the normal economic order will be With a quick recovery, the economy will soon return to its normal track.”
Efficiently coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and focus on stabilizing the macroeconomic market
In the face of the increasing complexity, severity and uncertainty of my country’s economic development environment, how to make efforts to stabilize growth? What are the practical tips for stable employment? What are the favorable conditions for stabilizing prices?
Adhere to the stability of the word, seek progress while maintaining stability, and put stable growth in a more prominent position. Efficiently coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, and various measures have been introduced intensively.
To stabilize investment, macro policies should be put forward. From January to April, the National Development and Reform Commission approved a total of 38 fixed asset investment projects with a total investment of 533.3 billion yuan. Among them, 8 fixed asset investment projects were approved in April, with a total investment of 18.8 billion yuan, mainly in the fields of information technology and energy. At present, all local government special bond quotas for project construction in 2022 have been issued. As of the end of April, about 1.4 trillion yuan of special bonds have been issued this year.
Smooth circulation to ensure the accessibility of material transportation. In response to the problems of blocked cross-regional logistics and poor port dredging in some areas, various departments in various regions have combined punches: eliminating stuck points, strengthening the monitoring of the traffic conditions of expressways and ordinary national roads and the transportation of key materials, and promoting the implementation of a unified national Pass system. As of May 16, the decline in truck traffic in the Yangtze River Delta continued to narrow, and toll stations and service areas in key epidemic-related areas were all opened. To break through the blocking points, four production material transfer stations were built in Shanghai, Ningbo and Hangzhou, which played an important role in promoting the resumption of work and production in key industries such as automobiles.
Reduce costs and effectively stimulate market vitality. While continuing to implement the institutional tax cuts and fee reductions to support the manufacturing industry, small and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households, improve and optimize the policy arrangements for periodic cost reduction, and exempt small-scale taxpayers from value-added tax in stages; give priority to small and micro enterprises Remaining tax rebates, increasing tax incentives for innovation of small and medium-sized technology-based SMEs, and guiding more funds to flow to key areas and weak links… This year’s “big gift package” for cost reduction, a combination of phased measures and institutional arrangements, inclusive and fair Combined with precise support, the measures are practical and powerful.
Prevent risks and strengthen industrial chain monitoring and early warning. The National Development and Reform Commission has guided all localities to establish a risk monitoring and disposal system for the industrial chain and supply chain, so as to grasp the emerging risks in a timely manner and coordinate and solve them in a targeted manner. Especially for key enterprises in integrated circuits and other fields, implement daily scheduling, strengthen coordination and cooperation, and help coordinate and solve problems faced by enterprises such as limited return of personnel, poor transportation of raw materials, and suspension of suppliers, and drive upstream and downstream large, medium and small supporting enterprises to cooperate and resume work. Reproduction.
“We will thoroughly implement the decisions and arrangements of the CPC Central Committee, intensify the adjustment of macro policies, fully expand domestic demand, make precise efforts to expand effective investment, promote the implementation of a number of major projects that benefit both the current and the long-term, stabilize market players, and promote Under the conditions of epidemic prevention and control, enterprises will resume work and reach production as soon as possible, effectively protect and improve people’s livelihood, and focus on stabilizing the macroeconomic market,” the spokesperson said.
The employment situation continues to be under pressure, and the four aspects are implemented to stabilize employment
Employment is the foundation of people’s livelihood. Since the beginning of March, due to the many domestic epidemics, widespread and frequent outbreaks, and the more complex and severe international situation, the difficulties of market entities have increased significantly, some key groups have become more difficult to find jobs, and the urban surveyed unemployment rate has increased. In April, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate was 6.1%, up 0.3 percentage points from the previous month, and the employment situation continued to be under pressure.
In response to the severe situation and challenges in the field of employment, recently, the Party Central Committee and the State Council have made arrangements to study employment issues many times, and various departments have introduced relevant measures to do everything possible to stabilize existing employment and actively increase new ones. How to further strengthen the implementation of the employment priority policy? The spokesman said that the implementation of various measures to stabilize employment will focus on four aspects.
Guarantee the employment of market players. Under the conditions of good epidemic prevention and control, we will promote the resumption of work and production of enterprises. Accelerate the implementation of tax rebates, tax reductions, fee reductions, and deferral of social security premiums and other relief policies to help enterprises, make greater efforts to reduce costs, and strengthen targeted support for manufacturing, contact service industries, small, medium and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households, and further reduce The burden of market players, helping them to survive the difficulties and keep their jobs.
Promote innovation and entrepreneurship to bring employment. Clean up and cancel unreasonable restrictions on employment and entrepreneurship, further enhance the leading role and service capabilities of entrepreneurship and innovation demonstration bases, carry out in-depth entrepreneurship-driven employment demonstration actions, and enhance the service capabilities of entrepreneurship and innovation platforms. Strengthen the construction of platforms such as returning to the hometown to enter the hometown to start a business, and encourage returning to the hometown to enter the hometown to start a business. Support multi-channel flexible employment, strengthen the protection of labor rights and interests in new forms of employment, and continuously release the momentum of innovation and entrepreneurship.
Grasp key groups to stabilize employment. Implement the spirit of the “Notice on Further Doing a Good Job in the Employment and Entrepreneurship of College Graduates and Other Youth”, and encourage local governments to introduce more support policies. Deeply promote the construction of demonstration parks for the integrated development of rural industries, vigorously develop rural industries that enrich the people, actively promote the method of food-for-work in the field of rural infrastructure construction, and expand local employment channels for farmers.
Talent training strengthens employment support. We will deepen the integration of production and education in vocational education and the cooperation between schools and enterprises, and continue to support the construction of pilot cities for the improvement of vocational education and the integration of production and education. Increase support for the construction of public training bases, promote high-quality integration of production and training, promote the co-construction and sharing of vocational skills training resources, and help carry out large-scale vocational skills training and practical training.
The supply of industrial and agricultural products and services is abundant, and efforts are made to ensure the supply and price of bulk commodities
Since the beginning of this year, international commodity prices have fluctuated at high levels, and major economies around the world are facing greater inflationary pressures. In stark contrast to other major economies, in April, my country’s CPI rose by 2.1% year-on-year. It is not easy for my country’s prices to maintain a stable and moderate rise under the pressure of imported inflation.
“Faced with the complex and severe external situation, my country has coordinated epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development, accurately grasped the pace of macro policies, and continued to do a good job in ensuring supply and price stability of important commodities.” The spokesperson said that various regions and departments will take multiple measures. To ensure stable supply and stable prices, since this year, my country’s prices have been running in an overall reasonable range. The core CPI, excluding food and energy prices, declined steadily in April, up 0.9% year-on-year, and the increase was 0.2 percentage points lower than the previous month.
In general, the market supply capacity of my country’s goods and services is relatively sufficient, and there are many favorable conditions for maintaining price stability.
There is a foundation for food price stability. Recently, international food prices have been rising, but domestic prices have remained generally stable. my country’s grain production has been stable at more than 1.3 trillion kilograms for seven consecutive years, and the inventory is relatively sufficient. Fu Linghui, a spokesman for the National Bureau of Statistics, said that my country’s rice and wheat rations have been producing more than needed for many years in a row, and a small amount of imports are mainly due to variety adjustments. There is a certain import volume of corn and soybeans, which will be affected to a certain extent by the international market, but the impact is limited. Since the beginning of this year, my country’s grain production situation has continued to improve, and grain prices have remained stable with a good foundation.
The energy supply is stable and guaranteed. my country has a relatively high proportion of oil and natural gas outsourcing, and rising international energy product prices will increase import costs to a certain extent, bring imported impacts to some industries, and increase the pressure on cost-driven price increases. However, it should be noted that my country’s main energy source is coal, and my country’s coal reserves are relatively abundant and its production capacity is relatively strong. With the gradual release of advanced coal production capacity, it will help curb the rise in energy prices. In April, my country’s coal output increased by 10.7% year-on-year, and the year-on-year increase in coal mining and washing industry prices fell by 0.5 percentage points from the previous month. The spokesman said that the National Development and Reform Commission will use coal as the “anchor” to ensure energy supply and price stability, and stabilize electricity prices by stabilizing coal prices, thereby stabilizing the overall energy cost.
The supply capacity of most industrial consumer goods is sufficient. my country has a complete industrial system and strong supporting capabilities, and the output of major industrial products ranks in the forefront of the world, laying a solid foundation for product price stability. The spokesperson said that it will work with relevant departments to strengthen the joint supervision of the futures spot market, and severely crack down on illegal activities such as fabrication and dissemination of price increase information, hoarding, and price gouging. In particular, malicious speculation about capital will be resolutely cracked down.
“We will adhere to comprehensive policies and precise regulation, and do our best to ensure the supply and price of bulk commodities.” The spokesperson said that in the later period of the outlook, my country’s economy will be resilient, the market space will be large, the policy toolbox will be abundant, and the supply of industrial and agricultural products and services will be abundant. , fully qualified, capable and confident to continue to maintain stable prices.