Home News Xi Jinping: Explanation of the “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”

Xi Jinping: Explanation of the “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”

by admin

Xi Jinping: Explanation of the “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”

Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, November 16th

  Explanation of the “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”

Xi Jinping

Entrusted by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, I will explain to the plenary session the drafting of the “Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on the Major Achievements and Historical Experience of the Party’s Centennial Struggle”.

1. Considerations on the topics of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Our party has always attached great importance to summing up historical experience. As early as in the Yan’an period, Comrade Mao Zedong pointed out: “If we do not clarify the history of the party and the path that the party has taken in history, we will not be able to do better things.” At the juncture, in 1945, the Seventh Plenary Session of the Sixth Central Committee of the Party passed the “Resolution on Several Historical Issues,” which reviewed the party’s history and its experience and lessons after the founding of the party, especially from the Fourth Plenary Session of the Sixth Central Committee to the Zunyi Conference. In summary, conclusions were made on a number of major historical issues, so that the entire party, especially the senior cadres of the party, reached a unified understanding of the basic issues of the Chinese revolution, strengthened the unity of the entire party, and created sufficient conditions for the party’s seventh victory. Promoted the development of China’s revolutionary cause.

Entering the new era of reform and opening up, Comrade Deng Xiaoping said: “Successful experience in history is precious wealth, and wrong experience and failure experience are also precious wealth. In this way, policies can be formulated to unify the thinking of the whole party and achieve new unity. This way. The foundation is the most reliable.” In 1981, the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China passed the “Resolution on Certain Historical Issues of the Party Since the Founding of the People’s Republic of China”. The historical experience of construction has evaluated some important events and important figures, especially the correct evaluation of Comrade Mao Zedong and Mao Zedong Thought, distinguished right from wrong, corrected the erroneous views on the “Left” and the right, unified the thinking of the whole party, Promoting the unity of the party to look forward, and to better promote reform, opening up, and socialist modernization has had a major impact.

Now, 76 years have passed since the formulation of the first historical resolution, and 40 years have passed since the formulation of the second historical resolution. Over the past 40 years, the cause of the party and the state has greatly advanced, and the party’s theory and practice have also greatly advanced. Standing at a new historical starting point, looking back on the past, looking forward to the future, and comprehensively summarizing the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the past century, especially the major achievements and historical experience over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, there are both objective needs and subjective conditions.

The Party Central Committee believes that at the important historical moment of the centenary anniversary of the founding of the party, when the party and the people have successfully achieved the first centenary goal and built a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way, they are striding forward towards the second centenary goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country in an all-round way. At a major historical juncture, a comprehensive summary of the party’s major achievements and historical experience in a century of struggle is of great importance to the promotion of the party’s further unification of thinking, unification of will, and unified action, and uniting and leading the people of all ethnic groups across the country to win new victories of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Practical significance and far-reaching historical significance.

The Party Central Committee believes that the party’s century-long struggle has been magnificent, has a long time span, has a wide range of issues, and has many issues that need to be studied. In general, in accordance with the requirements of summarizing history, grasping the laws, strengthening confidence, and moving into the future, we must summarize the glorious course of the party, summarize the brilliant achievements of the party in uniting and leading the people, and promote the party’s revolution, construction, and reform. Summarize valuable experience well, and summarize the theory and practice of forging ahead in the cause of the party and the country since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China. Specifically, it is necessary to thoroughly study the centuries-old history of the party leading the people to revolution, construction, and reform, and to comprehensively summarize the party’s great historical process from victory to victory, and the great historical achievements for the country and nation; in-depth study of the party’s adherence to Marxism The basic principles are combined with China’s specific reality and with the excellent Chinese traditional culture, and continuously promote the centuries-old history of Sinicization of Marxism, deepen the understanding and mastery of the party’s innovative theory in the new era; in-depth study of the party’s continuous maintenance of party unity and maintenance The centuries-old history of the party’s central authority and centralized and unified leadership, deeply comprehended the distinctive features and political advantages of the Marxist party, strengthening the party’s political construction; in-depth study of the party’s centuries of happiness for the Chinese people and rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and a deep understanding of the party Depend on the life and death of the people and share weal and woe with the flesh and blood, so as to better seek happiness for the people and rely on the people to create historical great achievements; in-depth study of the party’s self-building and self-revolution in the century Perseverance, to ensure that the party will always become the core of strong leadership in the historical process of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era; in-depth study of the laws and general trends of historical development, always grasp the historical initiative of the development of the party and the country in the new era and new journey, and strengthen anchoring The courage and strength to set goals to strive for and move toward the future vigorously.

The Party Central Committee believes that in summarizing the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the past century, we must adhere to the methodology of dialectical materialism and historical materialism, and treat the party’s history from a specific historical, objective, comprehensive, and developmental perspective. We must adhere to a correct view of party history, establish a grand view of history, accurately grasp the main theme and mainstream nature of the party’s historical development, correctly treat the mistakes and twists experienced by the party on the road forward, learn from success and learn from mistakes, Keep opening up the road to victory. We must take a clear-cut stand against historical nihilism, strengthen ideological guidance and theoretical analysis, clarify the vague and one-sided understanding of some major historical issues in the history of the party, and better correct the root cause.

See also  CCP officials frequently step down during the epidemic, the mayor of Zhuzhou, Hunan, resigns | Mayor of Yangzhou | NTD Chinese TV Online

With regard to the drafting of the resolutions of this plenary session, the Party Central Committee clearly requested that the following points should be emphasized.

First, focus on summarizing the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the past century. Our party has successively formulated two historical resolutions. From the establishment of the party to the beginning of reform and opening up, the major issues of right and wrong in the party’s history were basically resolved by these two historical resolutions, and their basic statements and conclusions are still applicable to this day. Since the reform and opening up, although there have been some problems in the work of the party, generally speaking, the development of the cause of the party and the country has been smooth, the direction of progress is correct, and the achievements have attracted worldwide attention. Based on this, the resolution of this plenary session should focus on summarizing the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the past century, so as to promote the increase of wisdom, unity, confidence, and fighting spirit of the whole party.

Second, highlight the focus of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics. The resolutions of this plenary session focused on summarizing the historic achievements, historical changes and accumulated fresh experiences of the party and state undertakings in the new era. From the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party to the Sixth Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the first two historical resolutions have been systematically summarized; the achievements and experience of the new period of reform and opening up and the socialist modernization drive On the 20th and 30th anniversary of the Third Plenary Session of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Party Central Committee made a serious summary. I made a speech at the celebration of the 40th anniversary of reform and opening up and also made a systematic summary. Therefore, for the historical period before the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the resolutions of this plenary session should be summarized on the basis of existing summaries and conclusions. Highlighting the focus of the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics is conducive to guiding the whole party to further strengthen its confidence, focus on what we are doing, and enter a new journey and a new era of contribution with a more vigorous attitude.

Third, the evaluation of major events, important meetings, and important figures should be consistent with the existing conclusions of the Party Central Committee. There have been a lot of discussions on major events, important meetings, and important figures in the party’s history before the 18th National Congress of the Party, the first two historical resolutions, and a series of important party documents, and they have all solemnly drawn conclusions. The resolutions of this plenary session adhere to these basic expositions and conclusions. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, I have been celebrating the 95th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, celebrating the 90th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Liberation Army, celebrating the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, especially celebrating the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, etc. At important meetings, the party’s history was summed up and discussed, reflecting the party Central Committee’s new understanding of the party’s centuries of struggle. The resolutions of this plenary session should reflect these new understandings.

2. The drafting process of the draft resolution

In March of this year, the Politburo of the Central Committee decided that the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China will focus on researching and comprehensively summarizing the major achievements and historical experience of the party’s centuries of struggle, and set up a document drafting group, with me as the group leader, and comrades Wang Huning and Zhao Leji as the deputy groups. Leaders, relevant leading comrades of the Party and the state, relevant central departments and local responsible comrades participated, and undertook document drafting under the leadership of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee.

On April 1, the Party Central Committee issued the “Notice on Soliciting Opinions on the Key Research of the Sixth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Party, Comprehensively Summarizing the Party’s Major Achievements and Historical Experience,” to solicit opinions within and outside the party.

Judging from the feedback, all regions and departments all agreed that the Party Central Committee’s decision to convene the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee to comprehensively summarize the major achievements and historical experience of the party’s centuries of struggle is a solemn historical and strategic decision that fully reflects The party keeps in mind the original mission, the strong will and determination to maintain vitality, fully embody the party’s profound grasp of the law of historical development, and always master the historical initiative and mission responsibility of the party and the country’s cause development, fully embody the party’s foothold in the present, focus on the future, and focus on summary And the far-sighted and foresighted use of historical experience. They unanimously agreed that this plenum focused on summarizing the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the past century, and put forward many good opinions and suggestions on major issues that need to be studied and resolved in the resolution.

All regions and departments generally believe that for a century, the party has united and led the people to continue their struggle in various historical periods of revolution, construction, and reform, creating a miracle that shines through the history of the development of the Chinese nation, the history of the development of world socialism, and the history of the development of human society. It completely reversed the historical process of the Chinese nation since modern times, vividly wrote a magnificent chapter in the historical development of world socialism, successfully opened up a new realm of Marxism, established immortal achievements for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, and made significant contributions to the advancement of mankind. contribute. During this great journey, the party and the people have accumulated extremely rich and valuable historical experience. These are worthy of systematic summary. All regions and departments suggested that, on the basis of a comprehensive summary of the party’s major achievements and historical experience in the century’s struggle, this plenary session focused on summarizing the historic achievements, historical changes and fresh experiences of the party and state undertakings in the new era.

See also  Approaching the Winter Olympics | The best works of the Beijing Winter Olympics public art collection event unveiled_Sports_News Channel_Yunnan Net

In accordance with the deployment of the Party Central Committee, the document drafting team earnestly studied important historical documents of the Party, fully absorbed the opinions and suggestions of various regions and departments, studied major issues in depth, and carefully drafted resolutions.

On September 6, in accordance with the decision of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, the draft resolution was issued to a certain range of opinions within the party, including the opinions of some old comrades in the party. Representative opinions of party members.

Judging from the feedback, all parties in all regions and departments fully affirmed the draft resolution for soliciting comments and unanimously agreed with the framework and main content of the draft resolution. It is agreed that the most distinctive feature of the draft resolution is seeking truth from facts and respecting history, reflecting the party’s original mission of a century of struggle, and conforming to historical facts; the draft resolution’s discussion and evaluation of major events, important meetings, and important figures are consistent with the party’s historical documents The existing expositions and conclusions are connected, which reflects the new understanding of the party’s history by the party central committee since the eighteenth national congress of the party. The draft resolution summarizes the “Historical Significance of the Chinese Communist Party’s Centennial Struggle”, which comprehensively, profoundly and systematically reflects the party’s historic contribution to China and to mankind; summarizes the “historical experience of the Chinese Communist Party’s centuries of struggle”, through history, The present and future have great historical significance and practical guiding significance.

All regions and departments generally believe that the draft resolution is a political manifesto by the Chinese Communists in the new era to keep in mind their original mission, adhere to and develop socialism with Chinese characteristics. The first two historical resolutions are in line with each other and keep pace with the times, and will surely inspire the whole party to strive for greater glory in the new era and new journey.

In the process of soliciting opinions, various regions and departments put forward many good opinions and suggestions. The document drafting team analyzes these opinions and suggestions one by one, so as to absorb as much as possible. After repeated research and deliberation, 547 revisions were made to the draft resolution, which fully reflected the opinions and suggestions of all regions and departments.

During the drafting of the resolution, the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held three meetings and the Political Bureau of the Central Committee held two meetings for deliberation, and the draft resolution was submitted to this plenary meeting for deliberation.

3. The basic framework and main content of the draft resolution

In addition to the preamble and concluding remarks, the draft resolution has 7 parts.

The first part is “Capturing the Great Victory of the New-Democratic Revolution.” Explain that the main tasks facing the party during this period are to oppose imperialism, feudalism, and bureaucratic capitalism, strive for national independence and liberation, and create fundamental social conditions for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. Analyze the historical background of the party’s emergence, summarize the historical process and great achievements made by the party leading the people in the revolutionary struggle during the beginning of the party’s founding and the Great Revolution, the Agrarian Revolutionary War, the Anti-Japanese War, and the Liberation War, as well as the creation of Mao Zedong Thought, implementation and A major achievement in advancing the great project of party building. Emphasis on the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the realization of national independence and the liberation of the people, and the great leap from China’s thousands of years of feudal autocracy to people’s democracy; the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with brave and tenacious struggle, the Chinese people have since stood up The era when the Chinese nation was slaughtered and bullied is gone forever, and China’s development has since opened a new era.

The second part is “Completing the socialist revolution and advancing socialist construction”. Clarify that the main task facing the party during this period is to realize the transition from new democracy to socialism, carry out the socialist revolution, and promote socialist construction, so as to lay the fundamental political prerequisites and institutional foundation for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. After the founding of New China, the party led the people to overcome a series of severe challenges, consolidate the new regime, successfully complete the socialist transformation, establish the socialist system, carry out comprehensive and large-scale socialist construction, and open up the historical process and creation of a new situation in foreign affairs. Great achievement. Summarize the party’s efforts and accumulated preliminary experience in strengthening the building of the ruling party, and make a scientific evaluation of Mao Zedong Thought on the basis of the original theoretical results achieved by the party during this period. Emphasizing the great achievements made by the party leading the people during this period, and realizing the great leap of a poor and populous eastern country into a socialist society; the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declare to the world with brave and tenacious struggle that the Chinese people are not only good at Destroying an old world and being good at building a new world, only socialism can save China, and only socialism can develop China.

The third part “carrying out reform and opening up and socialist modernization.” Clarified that the main task facing the party during this period is to continue to explore the correct path for China to build socialism, to liberate and develop social productive forces, to lift the people out of poverty, to become rich as soon as possible, and to provide a new vital system guarantee for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation And fast-developing material conditions. Emphasize the historical significance of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, and summarize the historical contributions made by the Chinese Communists represented by Comrade Deng Xiaoping, the Chinese Communists represented by Comrade Jiang Zemin, and the Chinese Communists represented by Comrade Hu Jintao , From the leadership of the party to comprehensively carry out correcting chaos, form a theoretical system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, promote reform and opening up and socialist modernization, calmly respond to a series of risk tests related to the overall situation of my country’s reform, development and stability, promote the great cause of the reunification of the motherland, maintain world peace and promote common The development, creation, and promotion of the great new project of party building, etc., show the magnificent historical picture of the new era and the great achievements that have attracted worldwide attention. Emphasizing the great achievements made by the party leading the people during this period, which promoted the great leap of the Chinese nation from standing up to becoming rich; the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people solemnly declared to the world with brave and tenacious struggle that reform and opening up are determining the future and destiny of contemporary China The key trick is that the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics is the correct path that guides China’s development and prosperity. China has made great strides to catch up with the times.

See also  At school in the summer, the other didactics outside the classroom

The fourth part “create a new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics”. Clarify that the main task facing the party during this period is to achieve the first century goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, start the new journey of the second century goal of building a socialist modern power in an all-round way, and to achieve the grand rejuvenation of the Chinese nation Goal keep going. Explain the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, a new historical orientation for my country’s development, summarize the party’s theoretical innovations since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, deeply analyze the situation, risks and challenges faced by the party in the new era, and start from adhering to the party’s overall leadership , Comprehensively strictly govern the party, economic construction, comprehensively deepen reform and opening up, political construction, comprehensive rule of law, cultural construction, social construction, ecological civilization construction, national defense and military construction, safeguard national security, adhere to “one country, two systems” and promote the reunification of the motherland, In 13 areas including diplomatic work, we will summarize the historical achievements and historical changes that have taken place in the cause of the party and the country in the new era, focusing on the original ideas, transformative practices, breakthrough progress, and landmark achievements in the past nine years. Emphasizing the great achievements made by the party under the leadership of the people during this period has provided a more complete system guarantee, a more solid material foundation, and a more active spiritual force for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation; Struggle solemnly declares to the world that the Chinese nation has ushered in a great leap from standing up, getting rich, and getting stronger.

The fifth part “the historical significance of the centuries of struggle of the Chinese Communist Party”. Based on a comprehensive review and summary of the party’s centuries of struggle and major achievements, and a broader perspective, summarize the historical significance of the party’s centuries of struggle, that is, the party’s centuries of struggle have fundamentally changed the future and destiny of the Chinese people and opened up the realization The correct path for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation has demonstrated the strong vitality of Marxism, has profoundly influenced the process of world history, and has forged the Chinese Communist Party that is at the forefront of the times, expounding that the party is to the Chinese people, to the Chinese nation, to Marxism, and to the progress of mankind. Career and historic contribution to the construction of Marxist political parties. These five generalizations, based on the land of China, and looking at the future of mankind, embodies the relationship between the Communist Party of China and the Chinese people and the Chinese nation, embodies the relationship between the Communist Party of China and Marxism, world socialism, and the development of human society. They have run through the centuries of the Communist Party of China. The historical logic, theoretical logic, and practical logic of struggle.

The sixth part “Historical Experience of the Chinese Communist Party for a Century of Struggle”. It summarizes ten historical experiences with fundamental and long-term guiding significance, namely, adhere to the leadership of the party, adhere to the people’s supremacy, adhere to theoretical innovation, adhere to independence, adhere to the Chinese road, adhere to the world in mind, adhere to pioneering innovation, adhere to the courage to struggle, adhere to the united front , Persist in self-revolution. These ten pieces of historical experience are a complete and interconnected organic whole, revealing the fundamental guarantee for the continuous success of the party and the people’s cause, revealing the source of the party’s invincible power, and revealing the fundamental reason why the party has always taken the initiative in history. It reveals the fundamental way for the party to always maintain its advanced nature and purity, and to always be at the forefront of the times. It is emphasized that these ten historical experiences are precious experiences accumulated through long-term practice and are the spiritual wealth created by the party and the people. They must be cherished, persisted for a long time, and continuously enriched and developed in the practice of the new era.

The seventh part is “The Communist Party of China in the New Era”. Focusing on the achievement of the second centenary goal, it is emphasized that the whole party must work hard to achieve the set goal with the perseverance of holding on to the green hills and not letting go, and promote the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation with a sobriety and unremitting efforts of one hundred and ninety miles; emphasizing the need to adhere to the party’s basic theories, The basic line and basic strategy are based on the new development stage, implement the new development concept, build a new development pattern, promote high-quality development, and coordinate to promote the prosperity of the people, the country is prosperous, and the beauty of China; emphasizing that the flesh and blood connection with the people must always be maintained and continuous realization Good, safeguard, and develop the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people; emphasize that we must bear in mind that we must be born in trouble, die in happiness, always have a long-term view, and be prepared for danger in times of peace, and continue to promote the new great project of party building in the new era; emphasize that we must grasp the foundation of successors Big plan. Call on the whole party, the whole army and the people of all ethnic groups in the whole country not to forget the glory of yesterday’s sufferings, to be worthy of today’s mission, to live up to tomorrow’s great dreams, to learn from history, to create the future, to work hard, and to move forward courageously for the realization of the second centenary goal , Make unremitting efforts to realize the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

Comrades! The review and adoption of this resolution is the main task of this plenary session. Everyone must implement the requirements of the Party Central Committee, grasp the history, present, and future, think deeply, discuss in depth, concentrate and brainstorm, put forward constructive opinions and suggestions, and jointly hold this plenary meeting and revise the draft resolution.

0 comment
0

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy