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types, risks and effective responses to an attack

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types, risks and effective responses to an attack

Phishing attacks cause economic and reputational damage. Some indications from Ferdinando Mancini, Director, Southern Europe Sales Engineering Proofpoint, about types of phishing and how to reduce your risk when responding to a suspicious email.

Phishing attacks are becoming increasingly common and sophisticated. Threat actors are constantly developing new techniques to trick people into reveal sensitive information. Whether attackers use fake emails, social media messages or even phone calls, the success of these scams can result in significant financial losses and serious reputational damage. Here are some concrete indications on the main types of phishing and above all on how to behave to reduce the risks to a minimum if you have already responded to a suspicious email.

of phishing attacks

Phishing attacks come in many forms. However, they all have a common goal: to induce users to disclose information confidential, such as login credentials, account information, or real files and data. Understanding the different types of commonly used phishing attacks can help you spot them:

Phishing via e-mail. It is the most common type of attack. It involves sending an email that appears to come from a trusted source and typically contains a link that directs the victim to a fake website. Here the user is asked to enter login credentials, credit card information or other sensitive information.

Spear phishing. This is a more form of attack targeted. It involves the criminal researching the victim’s interests and information to create a more convincing and personalized email. This type of attack is often used to target executives or high-profile people.

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Whaling. Like spear phishing, whaling (or CEO fraud) targets high-level executives or individuals in positions of power within an organization. These attacks often exploit a sense of urgency or fear to pressure the victim fulfill an immediate action, such as transferring money or sending sensitive information.

Phishing: types, risks and responses

wishing. Short for “voice phishing,” it involves the attacker who do you Love the victim and impersonate a representative of a trusted organization, such as a bank. The attacker can use social engineering techniques to trick the victim into revealing sensitive information on the phone.

Smishing. Smishing also involves the attacker sending a text message, rather than a phone call, which may contain a link directing the victim to a fake website. Or ask to respond with confidential information.

TOAD. TOAD (Telephone-oriented attack delivery) attacks use the phone calls to trick victims into revealing sensitive data or performing malicious actions. The attacker poses as a trusted person or entity, exploiting human “weaknesses” such as trust and urgency.

What to do if you respond to a phishing email

If you suspect you have responded to a phishing email, you need to take action quickly to limit the damage. Here are some measures to take:

Change the password. First, change your passwords immediately. You should do this regularly and follow best practices, even if you have not been targeted by a phishing attack. Passwords must be complex, unique and difficult to guess. Avoid using the same password for multiple accounts and do not share them with anyone.
Report the accident. Notify your IT department or email provider of the phishing email as soon as possible. Reporting an incident early helps security teams identify the source of the email and take necessary steps to prevent further attacks.
Activate two-factor authentication (2FA). It’s another crucial step to protect yourself from phishing attacks. 2FA adds an extra layer of security by requiring a second form of authentication, such as a fingerprint or unique password, in addition to a username and password. This makes it more difficult for criminals log into to the accounts, even if they have access credentials.
Avoid other scams
Monitor their accounts. After responding to a phishing email, you should check for malware, which is often distributed via these types of messages. For this reason it is essential to scan your device for viruses or other software harmful.
To contact the company. If you responded to a phishing email that appeared to come from a trustworthy source, contact your organization to notify them. They may take steps to prevent other customers or employees from falling victim to the same scam.
Inquire about. About the different types of phishing attacks and how to spot them. Pay attention to signs detectors such as grammatical errors, suspicious links and requests for sensitive information. Knowing the phishing tactics commonly used by attackers will help you avoid being scammed in the future.

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The attacks

Phishing attacks can threaten organizations of all sizes and sectors, and affect anyone. Timely and appropriate action can help mitigate the impact and likelihood of success and will help improve the overall cybersecurity posture. It’s crucial that companies establish clear guidelines so that users know exactly what to do if they fall victim to phishing. These guidelines should definitely include changing passwords, notifying IT, enabling 2FA, verify the presence of malware and future vigilance.

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