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Africa, the Mattei Plan and the urgency of a (actual) change of outlook

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Africa, the Mattei Plan and the urgency of a (actual) change of outlook

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The first cliché about Africa can also be essentially the most enduring: its poverty. A distortion with respect to its pure and human wealth, from the wealth of uncooked supplies to the demographic impetus of a inhabitants doubling in 2050. Italy has put itself ahead as a bridge with the Mattei Plan, the undertaking which ought to strengthen and develop relations with the continent. But what are the potentials and, above all, the vital problems with the brand new “paradigm” on Africa? It was mentioned on May twenty third at «Africa e Piano Mattei», the spherical desk of the Trento Festival marked by a dialogue with Professor Giulio Sapelli (president of the Germozzi Foundation) and a dialog between the chief director of the African Development Bank Domenico Fanizza, the pinnacle of the technique division of the European Investment Bank Ioanna Victoria Kyritsi, professor Luigi Paganetto of Tor Vergata University and the entrepreneur Manfo Zangmo of YSEM University. The key to understanding is that of a “change of gaze”, as Zangmo mentioned when excited about what the Mattei Plan might – actually – do past political rhetoric.

Sapelli and the «new African bourgeoisie»

Sapelli insisted on the urgency of a perspective that takes into consideration African specificities, overcoming the financial recipes already tried – and failed – by Western establishments. An insufficient strategy to the heterogeneity and tempo of change of the area, beginning with two components: document enlargement of demographics and urbanization.

«The first time I arrived in Lagos, Nigeria, within the seventies, town had 200 thousand inhabitants. Today it has twenty million” says Sapelli, explaining how cities “have reworked into metropolises” with their very own overload of social and financial tensions. The query that have to be requested is easy methods to assure progress with actual impacts on the inhabitants, with out slipping into stereotypes about sustainability (“It doesn’t suggest something”) and as a substitute trying on the intertwining of financial dynamics and political consolidation: an urgency nonetheless previous to integration economic system underway on a continental scale.

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There are causes for optimism, even when Sapelli sees above all a lever for enlargement: «A brand new bourgeoisie has been created», Sapelli factors out, however its push for progress can happen in a «sluggish course of, accompanied by the development of a political”: a course of “not solely financial, however based mostly on mutual data between Africa and Europe”.

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Financial investments and the leverage of schooling

The assembly between Europe and Africa, understood because the EU and the African Union, is Red string who lined the interventions on the monetary views of the Mattei Plan of the African Development Bank, the position of the European Investment Bank and the necessity to undertaking ourselves in the direction of a «Euro-Mediterranean Europe» as Paganetto di Tor Vergata outlined it.

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