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AHS highschool graduates are now not required to take the VWA

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AHS highschool graduates are now not required to take the VWA

Last month, Education Minister Martin Polaschek (ÖVP) commissioned a bunch of consultants to look at whether or not the obligatory opinions written at AHS, BHS and BMS nonetheless make sense given the speedy improvement within the discipline of synthetic intelligence. An interim report was launched on Tuesday – however Polaschek has made it clear that the pre-scientific work requirement (VWA) needs to be faraway from excessive colleges.

In vocational excessive colleges (BHS), which embody about 23,000 and due to this fact greater than half of the Matura levels yearly, the diploma work ought to keep there. After all, the very work that focuses on doing (eg design tasks, feasibility research, designing prototypes) has a protracted custom there and sometimes units the course for future choices, defined the minister at a press occasion after the assembly with the council of consultants. made up of scholars and academics – and consultant administrators and consultants in AI schooling and trainer coaching.

Final theses in secondary colleges (BMS) are anticipated to be fully abolished and changed by new presentation instruments in particular topics. This impacts 10,000 to fifteen,000 younger folks yearly.

VWA is voluntary solely

There is not any query on this group that VWA – like its predecessor, departmental work – ought to now not be obligatory in secondary colleges. In the longer term, about 17,000 highschool graduates every year will be capable to determine for themselves whether or not they wish to write a 40,000- to 60,000-character essay on a subject on the pre-science stage, as earlier than, or they wish to. to finish this a part of the work another way. More oral or written assessments, mission work, but in addition fully completely different, “new codecs”, for instance within the multimedia space, are mentioned, stories didactician media Elke Höfler (University of Graz) from the professional group. The group should now additionally develop a plan to implement.

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For Polaschek, the abolition of the VWA requirement is “above all a step in the direction of extra freedom and openness in Matura”, which signifies that the abilities and pursuits of younger folks could be addressed higher than obligatory written work. This won’t make the Matura examination simpler, however it would give younger folks extra choices, for instance with tasks that transcend sure programs. He will quickly begin negotiations together with his inexperienced coalition associate. Whether there will likely be a change within the legislation earlier than the summer time “stays to be seen,” Polaschek mentioned. He emphasised that not beginning negotiations as a result of the day of the election is approaching can be “reckless” for him.

Acquired expertise shouldn’t be misplaced

According to Höfler, it will be significant for the skilled group that the talents acquired up to now by VWA – corresponding to preparation for the primary job at universities – are usually not misplaced, however are retrained sooner or later. The proven fact that VWA ought to now not be obligatory shouldn’t be understood as a seek for AI. However, adjustments are wanted, for instance within the presentation of the outcomes of the VWA, for instance by displaying, like a protection on the college, that one has handled the topic and understood it.

Recently, AHS trainer representatives known as for an finish to the obligatory VWA. This will not be good for society as a result of younger folks from educated houses can rely on much less help. In addition, the potential use of AI requires even larger help, which places a pressure on educating employees in instances of trainer shortages. Polaschek emphasised that useful resource points are usually not the explanation for the deliberate change. Instead, he talked in regards to the alternative to raised reply to the power of younger folks. Since fewer college students might write VWA sooner or later, academics could have extra alternatives to deal with the remaining work.

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If Polaschek has his manner, the adjustments he desires ought to go into impact within the 2024/25 college 12 months, however that is not obligatory. The professional group ought to now make recommendations on when and what implementation steps could be taken with correct preparation.

Universities are skeptical

Universities react with skepticism in regards to the deliberate change: Yes, extra freedom of selection is healthier, however AI shouldn’t be a purpose to eradicate the VWA requirement, emphasised the President of the University Conference (uniko) Oliver Vitouch to APA. AI will turn out to be a pure a part of the world of life and work, so colleges ought to get used to utilizing it correctly at an early age. The downside with VWA is that it will increase the “legacy of schooling” as a result of younger folks from educated households obtain extra help from their dad and mom. VWA may be very favorable for the transition from college to school, however intensive and systematic help at college is required.

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