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Chinese Aesthetics Helps Create a Better Life

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Chinese Aesthetics Helps Create a Better Life (Creative Transformation and Innovation Development Talk)

Market Information Network 2022-01-07 15:33:42 Source: People’s Daily Online Comment:

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Whether it is the creation of beauty, the acceptance of beauty, and the cultivation of beauty, today’s society is facing new changes and new requirements.Aesthetics should constantly adapt to these changes and requirements, and actively expand new fields and research new topics

The current aesthetic activities in aesthetic research are, in the final analysis, to guide people’s positive and upward aesthetic tastes and cultivate the noble sentiments of beauty, so as to promote the healthy development of social culture.

Aesthetics is not only the study of self-cultivation and the cultivation of a good personality, but also the study of human beings to create a better life in accordance with the needs of the people and the laws of beauty.

The development of aesthetics is inseparable from the care for reality; the innovation of aesthetics must be problem-oriented

General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important speech at the opening ceremony of the 11th National Congress of the Chinese Federation of Literary and Art Associations and the 10th National Congress of the Chinese Writers Association pointed out: “The new era and new journey is the historical position of contemporary Chinese literature and art.” As the new era and new journey coincide, Chinese aesthetics urgently needs to start again. Keep up with the pace of the times, face the current reality, grasp people’s new aesthetic needs, explore and answer new topics that have emerged in the great practice of building a beautiful China and creating a better life. This is a new situation facing Chinese aesthetics and an inevitable choice for the development of Chinese aesthetics.

Grasp the new aesthetic needs and guide the positive aesthetic taste

The re-start of aesthetics must first in-depth study of human aesthetic activities on the basis of existing theories, and grasp the new aesthetic needs of the public. Aesthetics is the spiritual need of people, it can enrich people’s spiritual life and make people get spiritual satisfaction. This implies the multi-level role of aesthetics: cultivating people’s aesthetic creativity, enhancing people’s aesthetic judgment ability, enabling people to be educated in aesthetics, and promoting their own development and perfection. Whether it is the creation of beauty, the acceptance of beauty, and the cultivation of beauty, today’s society is facing new changes and new requirements. Aesthetics should constantly adapt to these changes and requirements, and actively expand new fields and research new topics.

With the increasing enrichment of material life and spiritual and cultural life, aesthetic activities have far exceeded the scope of literature and art, and penetrated into people’s daily life. The aesthetics of daily life have become increasingly prominent and gradually become the norm. In our country, the issue of the aestheticization of daily life began to be discussed at the end of the last century, and it is still necessary to study in depth today, because this issue is closely related to people’s lives and is critical to the deepening of aesthetics.

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On the one hand, it is the daily life of aesthetics. Aesthetic activities enter the homes of ordinary people and enrich people’s spiritual world. On the other hand, daily life itself is gradually becoming aesthetic. People’s clothing, food, housing, transportation, and daily life are accompanied by aesthetics, and ordinary people are increasingly consciously pursuing the quality and taste of life, and enjoying the comfort and comfort of life. This requires aesthetics not only to stay in the field of literature and art, but to explore the aesthetic issues of daily life. It is necessary to study how to introduce the humanistic beauty created by mankind and the natural beauty created by nature into human life, how to promote daily experience to aesthetic experience, and guide the positive aesthetic taste of the public. Accordingly, we should also be wary of a series of excessive pursuit of enjoyment. Ecological and mentality issues.

The fact that aesthetics become daily does not mean that the aesthetic function of literature and art is weakened or reduced. In fact, with the aestheticization of daily life, people have higher requirements for the quality, taste, and style of literary and artistic works. It is necessary for literature and art to further improve the level of art and aesthetics. Life aesthetics and artistic aesthetics promote and promote each other, this is a virtuous circle. Aesthetics is to promote this virtuous circle by studying the interactive relationship between artistic aesthetics and life aesthetics, and then promote the development of aesthetics itself.

Leading value is the responsibility of Chinese Aesthetics

In the context of the vigorous development of the cultural market, aesthetics should also pay attention to culture in a broad sense and gradually move towards cultural aesthetics. Nowadays, the supply of cultural products is becoming more abundant, the choices of cultural life are more diverse, and the pattern of aesthetic culture is also changing accordingly. Mainstream culture, elegant culture, popular culture, network culture, etc. each have their own characteristics and overlap with each other, which together enrich people’s cultural life and meet people’s spiritual needs. In this cultural ecology, aesthetics needs to further delve into the different characteristics of different cultures and explore the interrelationships between them. It is possible to study how mainstream culture has absorbed the strengths of popular culture and popular art in recent years, and explore new expressions and new ways of entertaining and appreciating both elegance and popular art, so as to be more contagious and cohesive. It is also possible to think about how the development of high culture is not satisfied with being Achievements in the field of “quaint elegance”, but through the processing and transformation of classical art and folk art, to create more “new elegance”. These are all important issues raised by the new pattern of aesthetic culture for aesthetics.

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It is worth noting that regardless of whether the aesthetic research is artistic aesthetics or life aesthetics, traditional culture or network culture, they cannot be separated from value judgments. Of course, aesthetic activities and aesthetic experience are good at perceptual, but we cannot ignore the aesthetic judgment in aesthetic activities and the value experience in aesthetic experience. You know, art creation is a practical activity that creates value. Therefore, aesthetics cannot be without a value perspective, let alone a value purpose. The current aesthetic activities in aesthetic research are, in the final analysis, to guide people’s positive aesthetic taste and cultivate the noble sentiment of beauty, so as to promote the healthy development of social culture. Leading value through aesthetics is the responsibility of Chinese aesthetics.

Focus on important aesthetic issues in reality and create a better life according to the laws of beauty

I first came into contact with aesthetics in the 1940s, when I was in middle school. Zhu Guangqian’s “Twelve Letters to Youth” and “Talking about Beauty” triggered my aesthetic thinking on literature and art. When I was studying at Peking University in the 1950s, I began to come into contact with the aesthetic thoughts of Cai Yuanpei, Wang Guowei, Zong Baihua, etc., and gradually understood that aesthetics should not only study the aesthetic experience of people, but also study the problems of beauty in real life, and explore the beauty of beauty. The meaning of people. After reading Marx’s works, I further understood the importance of understanding and transforming the world, and the difference between artistic production and material production, and knew that there are laws of beauty in them, and I should create them in accordance with the laws of beauty. For more than 70 years, I have worked hard in the field of aesthetics and have witnessed the development of Chinese aesthetics. These experiences have convinced me that aesthetics is not only the study of self-cultivation and the cultivation of a good personality, but also the study of human beings to create a better life in accordance with the needs of the people and according to the laws of beauty.

The development of aesthetics is inseparable from the care for reality; the innovation of aesthetics must be problem-oriented. The development of reality promotes the construction of Chinese aesthetics. The aesthetics circle should grasp the major issues in today’s reality to carry out in-depth discussions and make new theoretical generalizations. To revitalize the countryside, build a beautiful China, and create a better life, contemporary China is working together towards a common vision. How to build a beautiful China? How to use the concept of beauty to revitalize the countryside? How to improve the spiritual realm of contemporary people? These issues can attract the attention of researchers in Marxist aesthetics, contemporary aesthetics, Chinese classical aesthetics, and Western aesthetics, and promote mutual exchanges and dialogues. Thinking and researching, and then constructing an aesthetic discourse system with Chinese characteristics.

Take the ascendant research on ecological aesthetics in recent years as an example. The construction of ecological civilization is an area where aesthetics can do a lot. One cannot only pursue “poetic dwelling” in imagination, but to truly put it into practice and turn it into reality, it is inseparable from the “creation according to the laws of beauty” as Marx said. Ecological restoration requires the reference of aesthetic concepts; rural revitalization requires the intervention of aesthetic concepts; urban reconstruction requires the assistance of aesthetic concepts; environmental governance requires the participation of aesthetics. Ecological aesthetics has both a natural dimension, a social dimension, and a spiritual dimension, which should be comprehensively studied as an organism. I believe that in this research process, the horizon of aesthetic issues will be greatly expanded, and research methods and theoretical resources will also be greatly enriched.

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In the past century, in the process of integrating the basic principles of Marxism with China’s specific reality and with China’s excellent traditional culture, the Chinese aesthetic spirit has been radiant. Especially since the reform and opening up, many traditional aesthetic classics have gained new interpretations. Aesthetics has moved from “I interpret the classics and the classics on me” into a new stage of “the classics explain the present and innovate the classics”. Facing reality, explaining new phenomena in today’s social practice, and solving new problems in aesthetics. Only in this way can we make an innovative interpretation of the classics, create new classics, and promote the innovative development of aesthetics.

Aesthetics can only advance with the times if it meets the needs of the people. With the realization of an all-round well-off in our country, people’s living standards will be improved day by day, and spiritual and cultural needs will be further met. A good life will definitely promote the development of aesthetics, and the development of aesthetics will definitely help people create a better life.

(The author is an honorary senior professor of Shenzhen University)

“People’s Daily” (January 07, 2022 version 20)

Editor in charge: gaoxuejing Liu Yuan

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