Home World France, ok to assisted procreation also for single and lesbian women

France, ok to assisted procreation also for single and lesbian women

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PARIS. Final green light from the French parliament for the bioethics bill which includes, among other things, the emblematic extension of medically assisted procreation (PMA) to all women, including single and lesbian women. After two years of parliamentary shuttle, one of the main electoral promises of President Emmanuel Macron, therefore comes to fruition. The bill was approved today in the National Assembly with 326 votes in favor, 115 against and 42 abstentions.

The new law, renamed “Pma for all”, also contains another novelty, the possibility for children over eighteen years of age to know the identity of those who donated the sperm or oocytes. In this case, however, no filiation ties with the donor will be legally recognized. Until now limited to heterosexual couples with fertility problems, even if only cohabiting, SMEs are now an important reality in France: in 2018, reports Le Monde, they represented 3.4% of births. The new law opens this possibility to all women, but maintains a series of stakes, such as the maximum age of 43 and a path that passes through several interviews with doctors and a reflection period of one or two months depending on the techniques to be adopted.

Until now, single women or lesbian couples went to Belgium or Spain for PMA, a path chosen by at least 2400 people a year, according to a survey published in 2020 by the Catholic newspaper La Croix. Now it will be possible to do this in France within the public health sector. As for lesbian couples, a declaration by the two women before the notary during pregnancy will be necessary for both to be recognized as ‘mothers’ of the unborn child. Currently, after the adoption of ‘marriage for all’ in 2013, the partner of the woman who gave birth can apply for the adoption of the child. But it is a long legal process that does not always come to fruition.

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