Home » Get to know the 2 types of sarcoma cancer, symptoms and how to treat them

Get to know the 2 types of sarcoma cancer, symptoms and how to treat them

by admin
Get to know the 2 types of sarcoma cancer, symptoms and how to treat them

Symptoms of sarcoma vary based on the type, location, and extent of the malignancy. Some, such as Kaposi’s sarcoma, may only cause skin lesions but no other noticeable symptoms. Other diseases, such as rhabdomyosarcoma of the kidney, can be very aggressive and spread quickly to the liver, lungs and other sites.

1. Bone Sarcoma

The most common first sign of bone sarcoma is pain in the affected bone. The pain can come and go or get worse at certain times, for example at night or during activities. As the disease progresses, the pain will become constant and more intense when active.

There may also be swelling or a lump under the skin at the site of the pain. Often, these symptoms are not visible until some time after the pain begins.

If the cancer is in the cervical spine, it can cause difficulty swallowing. If the bones of the spine are affected, pressure on the nerves can cause back pain, numbness and weakness in the limbs or abdomen, and difficulty urinating or defecating. If nerve cells are damaged due to pressure, paralysis can occur.

The most common place for osteosarcoma to spread or metastasize is the lungs. Less commonly, this disease can also spread to the bones.

Rarely, sarcoma may be associated with increased calcium levels (hypercalcemia), and can cause kidney stones, constipation, confusion, or heart problems.

2. Soft Tissue Sarcoma

One of the most prominent signs of soft tissue sarcoma is the development of lumps or nodules. The lumps tend to be painless, hard, and stay in place, and can occur in up to two-thirds of cases on the arms and legs.

See also  Sarcomas, first national survey on experienced patients - Medicine

Another third are found in the head, neck, trunk, stomach, and retroperitoneum—the space behind the abdominal wall that contains parts of the aorta, inferior vena cava, pancreas, and kidneys.

Often, there are no other symptoms besides a lump. If the lump grows large enough without realizing it, it can cause symptoms such as pain, swelling, edema, and disturbances in the function of bones, nerves, and blood vessels.

If the lump is in a certain area, it can cause a blockage in the digestive tract, causing symptoms such as loss of appetite, constipation and cramps. Large sarcomas that press on nerves can cause neurological problems, and disease in the extremities can cause deep vein thrombosis.

You may also like

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

This website uses cookies to improve your experience. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Accept Read More

Privacy & Cookies Policy