At present, my country’s economic development and epidemic prevention and control maintain a leading position in the world, and foreign trade imports and exports have achieved rapid growth. In 2021, what kind of “transcript” will Chongqing Foreign Trade hand over? On January 17, Chongqing held a press conference on Chongqing’s foreign trade situation in 2021. Wang Honghan, deputy director of Chongqing Customs, introduced the relevant situation.
According to customs statistics, in 2021, the total value of Chongqing’s foreign trade import and export is 800.06 billion yuan, an increase of 22.8% over 2020 (the same below), continuing the double-digit growth trend since 2018. Among them, exports were 516.83 billion yuan, an increase of 23.4%; imports were 283.23 billion yuan, an increase of 21.7%.
Among the 12 provinces and cities in the western region, Chongqing’s import and export value ranks second, accounting for 22.5% of the total foreign trade value of the western region during the same period; its contribution rate to the foreign trade growth of the western region during the same period is 24.8%, ranking first.
In this context, what are the characteristics of Chongqing’s foreign trade import and export in 2021? Wang Honghan said: “There are five main characteristics: first, the scale of import and export has expanded quarter by quarter, and the scale of foreign trade has reached a record high; second, the activity of foreign trade enterprises has increased, and private enterprises have made outstanding contributions to the growth of foreign trade; The trade relations between countries along the Belt and Road have deepened; fourth, the export value of notebook computers and fuel motorcycles ranks first in the country; fifth, the export value of notebook computers and fuel motorcycles ranks first in the country.”
Among them, in terms of foreign trade scale, in the first, second, third and fourth quarters, imports and exports were 180.43 billion yuan, 196.1 billion yuan, 200.41 billion yuan, and 223.12 billion yuan respectively, showing a trend of quarterly expansion. a record high. Except for a few months, the monthly growth rate of imports and exports is above double digits. Among the 11 provinces and cities with a national import and export value exceeding 800 billion yuan, the cumulative growth rate ranks fifth.
In terms of the activity of foreign trade companies, in 2021, there will be 3,756 companies with import and export performance in Chongqing. The import and export of private enterprises was 349.4 billion yuan, an increase of 40%, and the proportion of Chongqing’s total foreign trade increased by 5.4 percentage points to 43.7%. The import and export of foreign-invested enterprises was 382.51 billion yuan, an increase of 9.4%. The import and export of state-owned enterprises was 67.55 billion yuan, an increase of 32.1%.
In terms of trade diversification, Chongqing will have trade relations with 215 countries and regions in 2021. Among them, the imports and exports to the top three trading partners, ASEAN, the European Union and the United States, were 129.23 billion, 123.98 billion and 119.94 billion yuan, up 15.2%, 19.5% and 11.4% respectively, accounting for 46.6% of Chongqing’s total foreign trade value during the same period. In the same period, the import and export of countries and regions along the “Belt and Road” reached 220.7 billion yuan, an increase of 26%. Among them, imports and exports to India, Russia and Poland increased by 51.3%, 66.3% and 36% respectively.
It is worth noting that in terms of the export value of notebook computers and fuel motorcycles, the export value of Chongqing notebook computers in 2021 will be 200.09 billion yuan, ranking first in the country for three consecutive years. The exports of integrated circuits and tablet computers were 36.5 billion yuan and 22.79 billion yuan respectively, an increase of 54.4% and 52.6% respectively. In the same period, the export value of fuel motorcycles was 14.67 billion yuan, an increase of 37.5%, and the export value ranked first in the country. In addition, the export value of automobiles was 12.32 billion yuan, an increase of 1.1 times, and the export value ranked fifth in the country.
In terms of production and living materials such as integrated circuits, storage components, grain and oil, in 2021, Chongqing’s imports of integrated circuits, storage components, semiconductor manufacturing equipment, spare parts for automatic data processing equipment, pulp and other production materials will increase by 13.3%, 4.6%, and 2.7% respectively. Times, 47%, 2.2 times, the total import value accounted for 58.7% of Chongqing’s total import value in the same period. During the same period, the import of meat, grain and edible oil was 91,000 tons, 416,000 tons and 216,000 tons respectively, an increase of 22.5%, 39.6% and 16 times respectively, with a total import value of 5.43 billion yuan.
Upstream news reporter Tang XiaoyingReturn to Sohu, see more
Statement: The opinions of this article only represent the author himself, Sohu is an information publishing platform, and Sohu only provides information storage space services.