Thursday morning it erupted again a volcano on the Reykjanes peninsula, Iceland: the peninsula is located in the south-west of the country and a short distance from the capital Reykjavík. It is the third eruption in the area in two months, and the nearby town of Grindavík had already been damaged by lava and largely evacuated. The eruption began around 6 am and the lava is flowing out of a 3 kilometer long fissure: it is moving away from the town but flowing towards the Blue Lagoon, the most famous Icelandic geothermal area and one of the major tourist attractions on the island, which is was evacuated during the night.
The lava also risks damaging other infrastructure in the area, such as a power plant and a series of geothermal plants. Some rock and earth barriers were built to try to protect the area, but they only partially worked during the last eruption.
Earthquakes and volcanic eruptions are very common in Iceland, because the island is located along the junction between two tectonic plates, the North American and the Eurasian. On the Reykjanes peninsula, volcanic activity has only started again in recent years after almost 800 years of quiescence. Since 2021 there have been five eruptions before this one: in March 2021 and August 2022, and then in 2023 in July and December, and one in mid-January this year. Except for the last one, which caused major damage in Grindavík, the previous four eruptions had occurred far from infrastructure or population centers.
– Read also: The images of the lava burning the houses in Grindavík, Iceland