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Mingling with Non-Muslims, This is the Guidance of the Great Koran

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Mingling with Non-Muslims, This is the Guidance of the Great Koran

REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA— Living in a diverse country like Indonesia requires mutual respect for differences, whether religious, ethnic or racial. How does Islam require its followers to associate with followers of other religions?

Al-Qur’an commentator, Prof Quraish Shihab in his book “Answering?..1001 Islamic Questions You Should Know” says that all good deeds are not prohibited by religion.

Islam does not prohibit it associate with other religions as long as it has nothing to do with rituals. Muslims are not even prohibited from giving news to people of other religions.

According to Prof. Quraish, the Qur’an has stated to maintain good relations with followers of other religions. As Allah SWT says in Surat Al-Mumtahanah verse 8:

God does not forbid you from being kind to them and being just towards those who did not fight you on account of religion and did not expel you from your homes. Love of those who are just

Lā yanhākumullāhu ‘anil-lażīna lam yuqātilūkum fid-dīni wa lam yukhrijūkum min diyārikum an tabarrūhum wa tuqsiṭū ilaihim, innallāha yuḥibbul-muqsiṭīn (a).

Meaning: “Allah does not forbid you to do good and be fair to those who do not fight you in matters of religion and do not expel you from your hometown. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.”

Law, tafsir and hadith expert, Abu Bakr Muhammad bin al-‘Arabi said the word ‘tuqsitu’ translated in the verse “is fair” as “giving some of your wealth as a gift”.

Abu Bakar does not agree with the opinion that means “behaving justly”. Because “behaving adi” is an obligation whether they fight Muslims or not.

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Also read: 4 things that can hamper family sustenance according to the Koran

Allah SWT in Surat al-Baqarah verse 272 reprimands the companions of the Prophet Muhammad SAW who plan to stop helping non-Muslims because they do not belong to the Muslim community. Here is the sound of the sentence:

You do not have to guide them, but God guides whom He wills. And whatever good you spend is for yourselves. And whatever you spend except seeking the face of God: And whatever good you spend, He will be repaid to you in full, and you shall not be wronged.

Laisa ‘alaika hudāhum wa lākinnallāha yahdī may yasyā'(u), I’m not sure what to do, I’m not sure what to do, I’m not sure what to do, I’m not sure what to do, I’m not sure what to do.

Meaning: “It is not your (Prophet Muhammad’s) obligation to make them guided, but it is Allah who guides whom He wills (based on his readiness to receive guidance). Whatever good you spend, (the benefit) is for you (yourself). You ( believers) do not spend, except to seek the pleasure of Allah. Whatever good you spend, you will be given (reward) in full and you will not be wronged.”

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