Home » Peru has declared a state of health emergency due to the dengue epidemic: 18 thousand confirmed cases and 32 deaths

Peru has declared a state of health emergency due to the dengue epidemic: 18 thousand confirmed cases and 32 deaths

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Peru has declared a state of health emergency due to the dengue epidemic: 18 thousand confirmed cases and 32 deaths

Because of a’epidemic in dengue Peru declared it state of emergency healthcare in 20 out of 25 regions. According to what was reported by the Minister of Health César Vásquez Sánchez, and as reported by Rpp, there are already cases over 31 thousand (of which almost 18 thousand confirmed), 32 dead.March and April, at least in the first 15 days, they will be the most difficult months“, the minister proposed. The decision to decree the emergency, he explained, was taken because there are regions facing a “imminent risk“. “Cases have increased significantly, but not deaths,” the minister was keen to point out. For mortality “we are thirdnot first like we were last year”, and “there are countries like Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay that find themselves in a more complex situation than ours”, he added.

To combat the infection carried by mosquitoes “we tried to increase staff training first level healthcare system in order to promptly identify” cases, added Sánchez. Fumigation teams they will enter homes and information campaigns will be organized for the population. Again: drones will be used to identify places with stagnant water, where vector insects could nest and proliferate. And resources will be transferred to the municipalities, based on the needs identified, to combat the epidemic. As for the Vaccine,” “we already have expressed our interest. The Pan American Health Organization put us on the waiting list“.

Of viral origin, the disease is caused by the dengue virus which belongs to the Arbovirus groupi.e. transmitted viruses to man by insects, of which four types are known (DEN-1, DEN-2, DEN-3 and DEN-4). Dengue is an infectious disease not contagious because, even if humans are the main host, there is no direct contagion between humans, but transmission from person to person is only possible through insect (arthropod) vectors, which for dengue are mosquitoes of the Aedes genus, a mosquito that breeds in hot, humid climate conditions. . The virus circulates in the blood of the infected person for 2-7 days and is then picked up and transmitted to other individuals via mosquito bite.

Dengue is mainly spread in tropical and subtropical countriesespecially in urban areas, and is particularly present during and after rain season. In the countries of the northern hemisphere, particularly in Europe, the disease is mainly seen in people returning from stays in tropical and subtropical areas where the disease is common (imported disease) and the increase observed in recent years is due to increased frequency of travel.

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Although in the most cases dengue occurs with mild symptomsthe disease can cause strong headache, fever and muscle pain e in the worst cases even death. Last year, a dengue epidemic in Peru killed 18 people. A December, the World Health Organization (WHO) stated that the 2023 dengue epidemic in Peru was linked to rainfall and warm temperatures that helped mosquito populations grow, especially in the north of the country.

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