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„Profitability and Sustainability Rules“: Sparzwang in Premier League

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„Profitability and Sustainability Rules“: Sparzwang in Premier League

Spending as low as 2005

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The Premier League clubs have presented an unusual picture on the transfer market so far this winter, with spending one day before deadline day at 80 million euros, the lowest they have been since 2005. The main reason for this is the Profitability and Sustainability (PSR) rules that keep sporting bosses and club owners in check – a set of rules similar to UEFA’s Financial Fair Play that has recently shown its teeth.

All winters since 2000 Premier League expenses Overview The last time what was by far the richest league in the world spent so little was when current Arsenal coach Mikel Arteta moved to Everton FC as a 22-year-old and Liverpool brought in Fernando Morientes from Real Madrid. In January 2005, the top English clubs made signings for 88.5 million euros and this winter spending increased to 843 million euros by the peak in 2023.

“The PSR rules of the English football league state that a club is allowed to make a maximum loss of 105 million pounds in a period of three years – that corresponds to around 123 million euros,” says Daniel Busch, Area Manager Transfermarkt UK. Everton violated this and was punished with a deduction of ten points this season. The Toffees, along with Nottingham Forest, were again found guilty of breaches in January and face further penalties. Whether and how severely Manchester City will be punished for its alleged offenses is just as unclear as the extent of the sanctions for Everton and Forest. The latter duo will probably have to wait until April for the sentence to be announced.

Sancho, Boey, Dier & Co.: Top-Transfers im Winter 2024

Eric Dier | Tottenham -> Bayern | Market value: €12 million

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Note: This gallery lists the most expensive winter transfers in 2024 based on transfer fee or most valuable based on market value – as of January 31, 2024

Hannibal | Man United -> Sevilla | Market value: €12 million

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Çağlar Söyüncü | Atletico -> Fenerbahce | Marktwert: 12 Mio. €

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Rental fee: €2 million

Sheraldo Becker | Union Berlin -> Real Sociedad | Market value: €12 million

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Transfer fee: €3 million

Kevin | Palmeiras -> Shakhtar | Transfer fee: €12 million

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Market value: €4 million

Marlon Gomes | Basque -> Shakhtar | Ablöse: 12 Mio. €

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Market value: €6 million

Santiago Castro | Vélez Sarsfield -> Bologna | Ablöse: 12 Mio. €

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Market value: €7 million

Fabio Silva | Wolves -> Glasgow Rangers | Market value: €13 million

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Valentin Barco | Boca Juniors -> Brighton | Market value: €13 million

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Transfer fee: €9.15 million

Manfred Ugalde | Twente -> Spartak Moscow | Transfer fee: €13 million

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Market value: €5 million

Fábio Carvalho | Liverpool -> Hull City | Marktwert: 14 Mio. €

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David Carmo | Porto -> Piraeus | Market value: €14 million

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Rental fee: €250 thousand

Claudio Echeverri | River Plate -> Man City | Transfer fee: €14.5 million

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Market value: €12 million (on loan from River Plate until December)

Nicolas de la Cruz | River Plate -> Flamengo | Ablöse: 14.5 Mio. €

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Market value: €14 million

Tiago Djalo | Lille -> Juventus | Market value: €15 million

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Transfer fee: €5.1 million

Poison Orban | KAA Gent -> Lyon | Market value: €15 million

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Transfer fee: €12 million

Arthur | Palmeiras -> Zenit | Transfer fee: €15 million

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Market value: €10 million

Azor Matusiwa | Stade Reims -> Stade Rennes | Transfer fee: €15.5 million

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Market value: €10 million

Timo Werner | RB Leipzig -> Tottenham | Market value: €17 million

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Malick Fofana | KAA Gent -> Lyon | Transfer fee: €17 million

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Market value: €8 million

Hamed Junior Traore | Bournemouth -> Napoli | Market value: €18 million

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Gonçalo Guedes | Wolverhampton -> Villarreal | Market value: €18 million

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Cyril Ngonge | Hellas Verona -> Napoli | Transfer fee: €18 million

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Market value: €6 million

Ian Maatsen | Chelsea -> BVB | Market value: €20 million

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Seko Fofana | Al-Nassr -> Al-Ettifaq | Marktwert: 20 May. €

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Gabriel Moscardo | Corinthians -> PSG | Transfer fee: €20 million

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Market value: €15 million (on loan from Corinthians until June)

Lucas Beraldo | São Paulo -> PSG | Ablöse: 20 Mio. €

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Market value: €15 million

Renan Lodi | Marseille -> Al-Hilal | Transfer fee: €23 million

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Market value: €20 million

Eljif Elmas | Napoli -> RB Leipzig | Market value: Transfer fee: €24 million

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24 Mio. €

Jadon Sancho | Man United -> BVB | Market value: €25 million

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Marcos Leonardo | Santos -> Benfica | Marktwert: 25 Mio. €

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Transfer fee: €18 million

Radu Dragusin | Genoa -> Tottenham | Ablöse: 25 Mio. €

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Market value: €20 million

Calvin Phillips | Man City -> West Ham | Market value: €28 million

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Arthur Vermeeren | Antwerp -> Atlético | Market value: 30 Mio. €

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Transfer fee: €18 million

Sacha Boey | Galatasaray -> FC Bayern | Transfer fee: €30 million

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Market value: €22 million

Victor Roque | Athletico -> Barça | Transfer fee: €40 million

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Market value: €40 million

Busch continued: “The PSR dates back to 2013, when the Premier League clubs voted for it. Now some clubs are realizing that it no longer serves its original purpose. Instead of ensuring more competitiveness, the status quo is maintained. 105 million had a different purchasing power on the transfer market in 2013 than it does today and due to inflation the limit should now be more than twice as high. Due to the many foreign investors, much more could be invested, which is currently not possible due to the PSR. Clubs like Aston Villa or Newcastle, which make good sporting decisions, are consequently thwarted.”

The fact that the transfer expenses of the 20 English first division teams are so low is not only due to the PSR, but also to the fact that the Africa Cup and the Asian Cup are currently being held. After a long 2023 that saw a lot of stress following the World Cup in Qatar, many clubs are unwilling to even sell or loan out their replacement players – they have simply become too important. 2023 caused numerous injuries and the releases for the two major continental tournaments are doing their part to ensure a very tense situation on the transfer market.

The prices that would be necessary to persuade a club to sell are not affordable for many due to the PSR. The bottom line is that there are hundreds of millions of euros less in the transfer market than in previous years – with the exception of the first Corona winter of 2021.

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It is still unlikely that the Premier League will stay below the 100 million mark in terms of spending. The impending deadline day deals alone for Aston Villa’s Jhon Durán (20) to Chelsea, Leicester’s Kiernan Dewsbury-Hall (25) to Brighton and Chelsea’s Conor Gallagher (23) to Tottenham could result in further transfers of around 100 million euros . The handbrake is likely to be released again in the winter of 2025 – Busch says: “I assume that the limit will soon be overturned.”

Al-Hilal just ahead of PSG: Highest transfer expenditure in a season

15 Chelsea | 2020/21 | Arrivals: 7 | Expenses: 247 million euros

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Transfer balance: -190 Mio. Euro
Stand: 19. September 2023

14 Atlético Madrid | 2019/20 | Arrivals: 10 | Expenses: 247 million euros

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Transfer balance: +69 Mio. Euro

13 Tottenham | 2023/24 | Arrivals: 9 | Expenses: 249 million euros

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Transfer balance: -126 Mio. Euro

12 Real Madrid | 2009/10 | Arrivals: 8 | Expenses: 259 million euros

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Transfer balance: -170 million euros

11 Juventus | 2018/19 | Arrivals: 9 | Expenses: 260 million euros

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Transfer balance: -147 Mio. Euro

10 Chelsea | 2017/18 | Arrivals: 10 | Expenses: 261 million euros

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Transfer balance: -66 Mio. Euro

9 PSG | 2018/19 | Accessions: 6 | Expenses: 262 million euros

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Transfer balance: -148 Mio. Euro

8 FC Barcelona | 2019/20 | Arrivals: 8 | Expenses: 299 million euros

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Transfer balance: -144 Mio. Euro

7 Man City | 2017/18 | Arrivals: 10 | Expenses: 318 million euros

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Transfer balance: -226 Mio. Euro

6 PSG | 2023/24 | Arrivals: 13 | Expenses: 350 million euros

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Transfer balance: -147 Mio. Euro

5 Al Hilal SFC | 2023/24 | Arrivals: 9 | Expenses: 353 million euros

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Transfer balance: -352 Mio. Euro

4 Real Madrid | 2019/20 | Arrivals: 9 | Expenses: 356 million euros

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Transfer balance: -219 Mio. Euro

3 FC Barcelona | 2017/18 | Arrivals: 7 | Expenses: 375 million euros

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Transfer balance: -143 Mio. Euro

2 Chelsea FC | 2023/24 | Arrivals: 12 | Expenses: 462 million euros

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Transfer balance: -195 Mio. Euro

1 Chelsea | 2022/23 | Arrivals: 16 | Expenses: 611.5 million euros

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Transfer balance: -543.7 million euros | Plus around 17.5 million euros for trainer Graham Potter

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