Robert Badinter died at the age of 95.
Source: RAPHAEL LUCAS / Sipa Press / Profimedia
Robert Badinter, the former justice minister best known for abolishing the death penalty in France in 1981, died today at the age of 95, Reuters reports.
Badinter is a lawyer and human rights activist introduced major legal reforms after the socialist François Mitterrand, a previous self-proclaimed opponent of the death penalty, was elected president in May 1981 and made him minister of justice.
Due to Badinter’s death, French President Emmanuel Macron also spoke on the “X” social network. “Lawyer, Minister of Justice, the man who abolished the death penalty. Robert Badinter was always on the side of the Enlightenment. He was a figure of the century, the republican conscience, the French spirit”wrote the French president.
Lawyer, Minister of Justice, man for the abolition of the death penalty. Robert Badinter never stopped pleading for the Enlightenment. He was a figure of the century, a republican conscience, the French spirit.pic.twitter.com/3IJ9jekLSd
— Emmanuel Macron (@EmmanuelMacron)February 9, 2024
Here, Badinter is famous because it is chaired the Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference about Yugoslavia, which in 1991 concluded that the SFRY was in the process of disintegration, on the basis of which on January 15, 1992, the countries of the European Economic Community (EEC) recognized the state independence of Croatia and Slovenia within the existing borders.
The Arbitration Commission within the framework of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia, better known as the “Badinter Commission”, was an arbitration commission established by the Council of Ministers of the European Economic Community (EEC; today the EU) on August 27, 1991, whose the task was to facilitate a peaceful resolution of the crisis in the former Yugoslavia by resolving disputed legal issues.
Robert Badinter was appointed president of a five-member commission made up of presidents of constitutional courts from EEC member states, “Jutarnji list” reports. According to the commission’s opinion, in the conclusion adopted on November 29, 1991, the SFRY disintegrated, and the borders between the former federal units were taken as the state borders of the newly created countries, which cannot be changed by force.